During total hip replacement, diseased hip cartilage and bone is replaced with artificial materials. Risks of the surgery include blood clots in the lower extremities, difficulty with urination, infection, bone fracture, scarring, limited range of motion, and prosthesis failure. Read more: Total Hip Replacement Article
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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Symptoms & Treatment
What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)? Learn about juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Discover rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms,...
Osteoarthritis (OA): Treatment, Symptoms, Diagnosis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease affecting both cartilage and bone. Joints most often affected by...
Picture of Hip Fracture
Hip fractures typically occur as a result of a fall. See a picture of Hip Fracture and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is caused by the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more...
Picture of Hip
Hip pain is the sensation of discomfort in or around the hip joint, where the upper end (head) of the thigh bone (femur) fits...
Related Disease Conditions
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, including: septic shock, anaphylactic shock, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, and neurogenic shock. Causes of shock include: heart attack, heart failure, heavy bleeding (internal and external), infection, anaphylaxis, spinal cord injury, severe burns, chronic vomiting or diarrhea. Low blood pressure is the key sign of sock. Treatment is dependant upon the type of shock.
Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung)
A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in the lung where it blocks the artery and damages the lung. The most common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are shortness of breath, chest pain, and a rapid heart rate. Causes of pulmonary embolism include prolonged immobilization, certain medications, smoking, cancer, pregnancy, and surgery. Pulmonary embolism can cause death if not treated promptly.
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium)
Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia symptoms include nausea, fatigue, tingling sensations, or muscle weakness. Hyperkalemia may also cause no symptoms. Hyperkalemia treatment may include a low-potassium diet, medications, and intravenous glucose and insulin. Causes of hyperkalemia include kidney dysfunction, certain medications, adrenal gland diseases, and potassium shifts.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited. Treatment incorporates medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures, such as: compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral, vertebral compression, compound, and comminuted. Symptoms of a broken bone include pain at the site of injury, swelling, and bruising around the area of injury. Treatment of a fracture depends on the type and location of the injury.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms and signs include painful, stiff, and swollen joints, tendinitis, and organ inflammation. Treatment involves anti-inflammatory medications and exercise.
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as losing a job or getting into trouble with the law. It can cause myriad health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, birth defects, heart disease, stroke, psychological problems, and dementia. Counseling and a few medications can be effective for alcoholism treatment.
Scalp Psoriasis (Psoriasis of the Scalp)
Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and ears. Symptoms and signs include itching, hair loss, flaking, silvery scales, and red plaques. Treatment includes topical medicated shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments, and soaps, medications, and light therapy.
Aseptic necrosis (avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis) develops when blood supply diminishes to an area of bone and causes bone death. Though aseptic necrosis may be painless, pain is often associated when using the degenerating bone. If caught early, aseptic necrosis may be treated by grafting new bone into the degenerating area. In later stages, joint replacement surgery may be required.
Osteoarthritis vs. Osteoporosis Differences and Similarities
Arthritis is defined as painful inflammation and joint stiffness. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis and the most common cause of chronic joint pain, affecting over 25 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that involves the entire joint. Osteoporosis is not a type of arthritis. It is a disease that mainly is caused by a loss of bone tissue that is not limited to the joint areas. It is possible for one person to have both osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. The differences in the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis include; pain, stiffness, and joint swelling, joint deformity, crackle sounds when the joint is moving, and walking with a limp. Osteoporosis is called the "silent disease" because it can progress for years without signs and symptoms before it is diagnosed, severe back pain, bone fractures, height loss, and difficulty or inability to walk. The differences in the causes of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are that osteoarthritis usually is caused by wear and tear on the joints. Osteoporosis usually is caused by one or more underlying problems, for example, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies. Treatment for osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are not the same. There is no cure for osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
Local ResourcesFind a local Orthopedic Surgeon in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Urinalysis (Urine Test)
- Total Knee Replacement
- Blood Transfusion
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
- Chest X-Ray
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- What Is Hip Arthroscopy?
- What Is a Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement Surgery?
- What Is a Femoral Osteotomy?
- Physical and Occupational Therapy for Arthritis
- Hip Replacement - Surgeon's Experience
- Seniors - More Exercise, Less Broken Hips
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: What is it?
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Effectiveness
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Indications
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Success
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Side Effects
- Chondroitin Sulfate &Glucosamine: Proper Use
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Other Use
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Benefits
- Chondroitin & Glucosamine & NSAID's
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Supervision
- Hip Fracture Prevention - Hip Protectors
- Hospital: 10 Tips: Packing for a Hospital Stay
- Hospitals: Can Yours Handle Your Emergency?
- Caring for Stitches (Sutures)
Medications & Supplements
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- etidronate disodium - oral, Didronel
- rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
- prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred)
- Lovenox (enoxaparin)
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- dalteparin injection (Fragmin)
- Didronel (etidronate)
- What Is a Pelvic Osteotomy for an Acetabular Dysplasia?
Prevention & Wellness
- In Many Cases, Hip Replacement Also Eases Back Pain
- Is Partial Hip Replacement Often the Better Option?
- Former President Jimmy Carter Leaves Hospital After Surgery for Broken Hip
- Most Hip, Knee Replacements Last Decades, Study Finds
- Health Tip: Understanding Hip Replacement Surgery
- Opioids Before Joint Replacement Tied to Worse Recovery
- Germs Grow on Medical Implants, But Can They Make You Sick?
- A New Hip May Mean a Longer, Better Life
- Don't Delay Hip Fracture Surgery. Here's Why
- Steroid Injections for Arthritic Hips: More Trouble Than They're Worth?
- Obese Don't Have to Lose Weight Before Joint Replacement: Study
- Home Beats Rehab for Knee, Hip Replacement Recovery
- When Complications Arise, Some Hospitals Get Paid a Lot More
- Health Tip: Exercising After Joint Replacement
- Getting Active After Knee Replacement Might Raise Hip Fracture Risk
- After Hip Replacement, Therapy at Home May Be Enough
- Obesity Won't Affect Joint Surgery Safety, Study Finds
- Higher-Volume Rehab Centers Better for Hip Fracture Recovery: Study
- Hip-Fracture Surgery Risk Not Just Due to Age, Study Finds
- Does Hopping Help Your Hips?
- Knee, Hip Replacement Surgeries Linked to Heart Risks
- Many May Be OK to Drive 2 Weeks After Getting New Hip: Study
- More Middle-Aged Americans Are Getting Hips Replaced
- Early Hospital Release May Hurt Broken-Hip Patients
- Health Tip: Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery
- Number of Hip Replacements Has Skyrocketed, U.S. Report Shows
- Weight Loss May Boost Success of Joint-Replacement Surgery
- Hip Replacement Safe for Patients in Their 90s, Study Finds
- New Knees, Hips May Also Help the Heart
- Will You Need Knee Replacement? Maybe Your Hand Can Tell You
- After Hip Fracture, Home Exercise Program May Boost Recovery
- 'House' TV Series Leads to Real-Life Diagnosis
- Shoulder Replacement May Help for Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Hormone Therapy May Cut Risk of Repeat Joint Replacement Surgery in Women
- Death Rate After Hip, Knee Replacements Has Dropped Sharply: Study
- Surgeons' Group Gives Gift of New Hips, Knees to Uninsured
- Some Hip-Replacement Parts Not Proven Safe or Effective: Study
- Health Tip: Returning to Normal After Hip Replacement
- Social Isolation Linked to More Pain After Hip Replacement
- Knee Replacement Often Beneficial for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Study
- Joint Replacement May Reinvigorate Sex Life
- Women at Greater Risk for Hip Implant Failure, Study Finds
- Startling Differences in New-Hip Estimates: Study
- Surgery Checklists Help OR Teams in a Crisis, Study Finds
- Hip Surgery Increases Stroke Risk in Older Patients: Study
- Hip Resurfacing 'Unacceptable for Women': Study
- Hip Resurfacing More Likely to Fail Than Hip Replacement: Study
- FDA Rejects New Use for Blood Thinner Xarelto
- Timing of Aquatic Therapy After Joint Replacement Matters
- Artificial Hips: Newer Might Not Be Better
- Metal Hip Replacements: Toxic Effects?
- Hip Fracture Risks Linger After Recovery