GENERIC NAME: TICARCILLIN/CLAVULANATE POTASSIUM - INJECTION (tie-kar-SILL-in/KLAV-you-la-nate poh-tass-ee-um)
BRAND NAME(S): Timentin
USES: This medication is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. This medication is a combination of 2 drugs. Ticarcillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic that works by stopping the growth of bacteria. Clavulanate potassium is an enzyme inhibitor (beta-lactamase inhibitor) that helps the ticarcillin work better.
HOW TO USE: This medication is given by injection into a vein as directed by your doctor, usually every 4 to 6 hours. It should be slowly injected over at least 30 minutes. The dosage is based on your medical condition, age, weight, and response to treatment.If you are using the frozen pre-mixed solution, thaw the container at room temperature or in the refrigerator. If the bag is thawed in the refrigerator, let it sit at room temperature for at least 1 hour before using. Do not thaw by putting in warm/hot water or microwaving. After thawing, shake well and squeeze the container to check for leaks. Discard solution if the container leaks. Do not re-freeze the solution after thawing.Give aminoglycosides (such as gentamicin) separately from this medication. Do not mix together in the same IV fluid.If you are giving this medication to yourself at home, learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Learn how to store and discard medical supplies safely.Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, use this drug at evenly spaced intervals.Continue to use this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to continue to grow, which may result in a return of the infection.Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
SIDE EFFECTS: Swelling, redness, pain, or soreness at the injection site may occur. Dizziness, trouble sleeping, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or headache may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: muscle cramps/spasms, swelling of the arms/legs/hands/feet, weakness, easy bruising/bleeding, chest pain, confusion, new signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), severe abdominal/stomach pain, slow/fast/irregular heartbeat, persistent nausea/vomiting, seizures, extreme tiredness, dark/cloudy urine, change in the amount of urine, yellowing eyes/skin.This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of resistant bacteria. This condition may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped. Do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using ticarcillin/clavulanate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to either of the drugs; or to penicillin, cephalosporin, or beta-lactam antibiotics; or to other beta-lactamase inhibitors such as sulbactam; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: bleeding problems, cystic fibrosis, kidney disease, seizures, severe loss of body water/minerals (dehydration).This medication contains sodium. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you are on a salt-restricted diet or if you have a condition that could be worsened by an increase in salt intake (e.g., congestive heart failure, high blood pressure).Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication.Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug, especially salt retention.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is not known whether this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products that may interact with this drug include: "blood thinners" (e.g., enoxaparin, heparin, warfarin), live bacterial vaccines, cancer chemotherapy, lithium, methotrexate, probenecid, tetracyclines, "water pills" (diuretics such as furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide).Although most antibiotics probably do not affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, some antibiotics may decrease their effectiveness. This could cause pregnancy. Examples include rifamycins such as rifampin or rifabutin. Be sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist if you should use additional reliable birth control methods while using this antibiotic.This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including certain urine glucose tests), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: trouble breathing, seizures.
NOTES: Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood count, potassium/sodium levels, kidney/liver function tests) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
MISSED DOSE: For the best possible benefit, it is important to receive each scheduled dose of this medication as directed. If you miss a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist immediately to establish a new dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Consult the package instructions or your pharmacist for other storage details. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.