There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the thyroid are referred to as thyroid nodules. Symptoms of thyroid cancer include swollen lymph nodes, pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and a lump near the Adam's apple. Treatment usually involves chemotherapy, surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment or external radiation and depends upon the type of thyroid cancer, the patient's age, the tumor size, and whether the cancer has metastasized. Read more: Thyroid Cancer Article
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Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Thyroid Peroxidase Test
- Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid
- Chest X-Ray
- Thyroid Blood Tests
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Clinical Trials
- Screening Tests for Cancer
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- Thyroid Scan
- Radiation Therapy
- Loss of Appetite
- Mouth Sores
- Chest Pain
- Hair Loss
- Swollen Lymph Nodes (Lymphadenopathy)
- Chronic Cough
- Neck Pain (Cervicalgia)
- Dry Skin
- Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Dry Mouth
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Thyroid Disorders: The Doctor Is In
- Advance Medical Directives
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Cancer Research: Going the Distance
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- Cancer Treatment: Writing to Heal with Margie Davis
- Cancer Survival and Attitude with Hamilton Jordan
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- Thyroid FAQs
- Roger Ebert and Thyroid Cancer
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- Don't Be Afraid to Ask - Dr. Mathur
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- Weight Gain, Obesity & Cancer Risk
- Hypothyroidism Symptoms
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- Potassium Iodide Pills: Can They Protect You From Radiation Exposure?
- Ask The Experts - Thyroid
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
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- Look for Early Signs of Thyroid Cancer, Experts Urge
- Thyroid Cancer Survivors at Risk for Heart Disease
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- Gene Changes May Put Childhood Cancer Survivors at Risk
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- Young Thyroid Cancer Survivors May Face Long-Term Health Risks
- No Benefit From Routine Thyroid Cancer Screening: Task Force
- Scans Not Worthwhile for Most Thyroid Cancers: Study
- Thyroid Cancer Cases in U.S. Level Off, Perhaps Reflecting Diagnostic Changes
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- Surgeon's Experience Tied to Success of Thyroid Removal: Study
- Better Imaging Scans Catching More Thyroid Cancers: Study
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- Specially Trained Pooch Sniffs Out Thyroid Cancer
- Study Questions Close Monitoring of Thyroid Growths
- New Drug May Slow Recurrent Thyroid Cancer, Study Finds
- Falling Cancer Death Rate Means 1.5 Million Lives Saved Over 20 Years
- Woman's Thyroid Tumor Yields Clues on How to Battle Cancer
- Targeted Drugs Among Successes Against Cancer, Says New Report
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- Cancer Death Rates Drop 20% Over 2 Decades
- Cometriq Approved for Rare Thyroid Cancer
- Brooke Burke Has Thyroid Cancer
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- Drug May Aid People With Advanced Thyroid Cancer
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