How is it diagnosed?
Your orthopedic doctor may ask you about the details of the injury, history, and initiation of pain and physically examine your affected leg or hand for
- Inflammation at the joint and surrounding.
- Tenderness of the tendon and sheath at a specific point on the tendon.
- The resistance of the muscle by examining the occurrence of pain.
- Similar problems such as bursitis (inflammation of the small sac acts as a cushion between the joint) or gout (uric acid crystals around the joint).
To check the thickness of the tendon, dislocations, and tears, the doctor may order
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
If your doctor is suspecting any infection, they may order a blood test. You may need to repeat imaging and blood tests if the problem recurs and does not recover fully. If you have redness and swelling with warmth at the joint, you may have bursitis. Then your doctor may take a sample of the joint fluid by inserting a needle and send it for a laboratory test.
What is tendinitis?
Tendons are flexible bands of thick tissue that connect your muscles to bones. They help to move the muscles or bones of your shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle joints.
Repeated injury to these tendons may result in redness, swelling, soreness, and pain (inflammation) around your joint called “tendinitis or tendonitis.” It is also called “overuse tendinopathy.”
What are the symptoms of tendinitis?
If you have tendinitis you may
- Experience redness, swelling, and pain at the site of the tendon or surrounding area.
- Be unable to move the body part or joint where the tendon is swollen.
You must seek medical help if you are having pain, redness, and swelling that worsen rapidly.
What are the causes of tendinitis?
- Repetitive, minor trauma on the affected area or from a sudden but severe injury during certain activities such as gardening, raking, throwing pitching, tennis, golf, or skiing
- Sitting or standing for a long time in an incorrect posture at work or home or exercising or playing sports in an incorrect posture
- Insufficient warming exercises before starting weight-lifting or sports activity
- Certain defects since birth in the bone or joints such as length differences in the legs
- Certain joints or hormonal diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, and thyroid disorders
- Unusual side effects of certain drugs
- Over-exercising or exercising too hard
- Certain infections such as infections from a cat or dog bite to the hand or a finger
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
American College of Rheumatology: "Tendinitis and Bursitis." https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Tendinitis-Bursitis
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "What Are Bursitis and Tendinitis?" https://www.chcrr.org/health-topic/tendinitis/
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Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:
- ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
- ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
- cap: Capsule.
- CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
- DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
- DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- HA: Headache
- IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
- JT: Joint
- N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
- p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
- q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
- RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
- SOB: Shortness of breath.
- T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
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How Do You Treat Tendonitis in the Foot?Learn what medical treatments can help ease your symptoms of tendonitis in the foot and help you manage tendonitis in the foot. Tendonitis occurs when a tendon becomes inflamed and causes pain from repetitive movement. Learn the types of tendonitis, how it happens, and how to treat it.
RA Friendly ExercisesRegular exercise boosts fitness and helps reverse joint stiffness for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). WebMD demonstrates helpful exercises to get you started.
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What Is the Best Treatment for Shoulder Tendonitis?Learn what medical treatments can help ease your shoulder tendonitis symptoms and help you manage this condition.
What Is the Best Treatment for Tendonitis?If you have tendonitis/tendinitis symptoms, the best treatment is RICE protocol. It means that you should immediately follow rest, ice, compression, and elevation.