Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza). Read more: Swine Flu Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Sore Throat Home Remedies
Natural and home remedies for sore throat symptoms and pain relief include essential oils, licorice gargles, slippery elm leaves, raw garlic, Throat Coat tea, sage, and acupuncture. Typical symptoms of a sore throat include throat pain, coughing, sneezing, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. Sore throats are caused by viral (common cold, flu, mumps), bacterial (tonsillitis, some STDs), toxins, allergens, trauma or injury, or "mechanical causes" (breathing through the mouth).
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms of a sore throat include a fever, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, earaches, sneezing, and body aches. Home remedies for a sore throat include warm soothing liquids and throat lozenges. OTC remedies for a sore throat include OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Antibiotics may be necessary for some cases of sore throat.
Diarrhea (Causes, Medicine, Remedies, Treatment)
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious?
Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are typically more severe than cold symptoms. Cold and flu viruses are transmitted typically via coughing or sneezing.
Nausea and Vomiting (Causes, Natural Remedies, Diet, Medication)
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Cough (Chronic, Persistent Cough in Adults and Children)
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems, including strep throat, impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, and scarlet fever. There are more than 10 million group A strep infections each year.
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced.
Guillain-Barré Syndrome is an autoimmune disease of the nervous system due to damage to the myelin sheath around nerves. It is the most acquired nerve disease (neuropathy) and usually follows a virus infection but can also be associated with immunizations, surgery, and childbirth. The cause is unknown but appears to be related to autoimmune reaction. Symptoms include weakness beginning in the legs and progressing upward, lost reflexes, and in severe cases breathing can be affected. Patients can expect a slow but progressive recovery over several months maintaining vital functions and passively exercising the muscles. Plasmapheresis (removing toxic substances from the blood) has been shown to improve outcome and shorten the disease as well as intravenous immunoglobulin.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu)
Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to prevent human infection with the H5N1 strain of the avian flu virus.
Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious?
Swine flu (H1N1) is a contagious virus that spreads when an infected individual expels virus-containing droplets into the air during coughing or sneezing. Symptoms include sore throat, runny nose, fever, cough, chills, headache, fatigue, and possible vomiting and/or diarrhea. An H1N1 infection typically lasts for about a week.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and shortness of breath. Patients with SARS often require oxygen and severe cases require mechanical ventilation.
Diabetes and Safe Medications for Colds and the Flu: OTC Medication Guide
If you have diabetes and catch a cold or the flu, can be more difficult to recover from infections and their complications, for example, pneumonia. Home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs used for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of colds and the flu may affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.Some medications are OK to take if you have diabetes get a cold or the flu include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin) to control symptoms of fever and pain. Most cough syrups are safe to take; however, check with your pediatrician to see what medications are safe to give your child if he or she has type 1 or 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes and are sick with a cold or flu, you need to check your blood sugar levels more frequently. Continue taking your regular medications. Eat a diabetic low-glycemic index diet rich in antioxidants. To prevent colds and the flu drink at least eight 8 ounce glasses of water a day. To replenish fluids, drink sports drinks like Gatorade and Pedialyte to replenish electrolytes. Avoid people who are sick, sneezing, coughing, or have other symptoms of a cold or flu.
Pregnancy: Swine Flu and the H1N1 Vaccine
Pregnant and women who are breastfeeding are encouraged to receive the seasonal flu shot as well as the 2009 H1N1 influenza (swine flu) vaccine. H1N1 flu is treated with the medications Tamiflu® (oseltamivir) or Relenza® (zanamivir). Pregnant women should not receive the H1N1 attenuated nasal spray vaccine. Possible side effects of the H1N1 flu vaccine include muscle aches, fever, nausea, tiredness, or headache.
Headaches in Children
Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache sufferers say their headaches started before age 10, and 50% report their headaches started before age 20.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Runny Nose
- Nasal Congestion
- Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Swine Flu
- Swine Flu: One New York City Pediatrician's View
- Swine Flu: How a Hospital Prepares for Patients
- Swine Flu Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Vaccination
- What to Do if You Think You Have H1N1 Swine Flu Virus
- H1N1 Swine Flu Can Infect Some Pets
- How Does a Person Catch Swine Flu?
- Influenza A (H3N2)v: What Goes Around Comes Around
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Animal-to-Human Diseases at Fairs and Zoos
- Could Swine Flu Be Linked to Type 1 Diabetes?
- Have Fun at the Fair, But Don't Pet the Pigs
- Is Your Child's Day Care Center Ready for Pandemic Flu?
- H1N1 'Swine Flu' Vaccine Unlikely to Raise Birth Defect Risk
- Scientists Get Closer to Long-Lasting Flu Vaccine
- Airport Screenings Miss Roughly Half of Sick Travelers: Study
- All Pregnant Women Need Flu Shot: Ob/Gyn Group
- Swine Flu From 2009 Pandemic Also Struck Sea Otters: Study
- Report Questions Effectiveness of Flu Meds
- Tamiflu Saved Lives During Swine Flu Pandemic, Study Confirms
- There's Still Time to Get a Flu Shot
- Tamiflu Shortage Again
- H1N1 Flu Spreading in South-Central U.S.
- Swine Flu's Death Toll May Be Much Higher Than Thought
- Could Immune Cell Discovery Lead to Universal Flu Vaccine?
- H7N9 Bird Flu Transmits From Person to Person, Study Finds
- Chinese Warn of Possible Re-Emergence of Bird Flu
- Saliva May Improve With Age for Flu Protection
- H1N1 Flu Virus Detected in Seals Off California Coast
- Study Confirms Slight Rise in Paralysis Risk After Swine Flu Shot
- H1N1 Swine Flu Vaccine Tied to Sleep Disorder in British Children
- Health Tip: Coping With the Flu
- Fetal Deaths Up Among Unvaccinated Moms in H1N1 Pandemic: Study
- Flu Cases Rise Across U.S., Severe Season Feared
- Researchers Find Powerful Swine Flu Strain in Korea
- Kids With Neurological Conditions at Higher Risk of Flu Death: CDC
- 71 New Cases of H3N2v Swine Flu
- New Swine Flu Outbreak: Case Count Rising
- New Swine Flu Outbreak Worries CDC
- Seal Flu: Next Pandemic Threat?
- New Seal Flu Could Pose Threat to Humans
- Airports in N.Y., L.A., Hawaii Deemed Worst for Pandemic Spread
- H1N1 Flu Shot Appears Safe During Pregnancy
- Pandemic H1N1 Flu Killed Far More Than Reported: Study
- Flu Season Off to a Very Late Start: CDC
- H1N1 'Swine' Flu Makes a Comeback in Mexico
- Health Highlights: Jan. 27, 2012
- How Did Generation X Respond to the H1N1 'Swine' Flu Epidemic?
- Flu Season Off to Slow Start, So Far
- Where's the Flu? Get Ready
- Cases of Tamiflu-Resistant Flu Concern Experts
- Health Highlights: Dec. 15, 2011
- More Pregnant Women Getting Flu Shots
- Survey: Two-Thirds of Americans Plan to Get Flu Vaccine
- Health Highlights: Sept. 8, 2011
- Flu Vaccine Rates Are High for 2 Seasons in a Row
- Decade's Top 10 Public Health Achievements
- H1N1 Flu Is Raging in Britain; Could U.S. Be Next?
- Flu Is Widespread in 11 States
- Flu Vaccine FAQ
- H1N1 Swine Flu No Worse Than Seasonal Flu
- Experts Predict 'Normal' H1N1 Flu Season This Year
- CDC: Flu Vaccine Arriving, Get Yours ASAP
- Swine Flu Pandemic Over, WHO Declares
- What Caused 2009 H1N1 Pandemic?
- H1N1 Protection in Coming Season's Flu Vaccines: FDA
- Swine Flu Pandemic Hit Children the Hardest
- 1 in 5 Parents Missed Work for H1N1 School Closings: Survey
- Early Tamiflu Might Benefit Transplant Patients With H1N1 Flu
- H1N1 Flu Undergoing Genetic Changes in Pigs
- H1N1 Flu Vaccine May Shield Against 1918 Strain
- H1N1 Flu Acts Much Like Its Seasonal Cousin
- A Year After Its Emergence, H1N1 Swine Flu Lingers
- Swine Flu's Toll on Military, Young People
- 1 in 4 Americans Got Swine Flu Vaccine
- H1N1 Swine Flu Still Smoldering in U.S.
- CDC Panel Calls for Flu Vaccine for All
- Next Year, Just 1 Flu Shot
- No Role Found for Birds in Swine Flu Pandemic
- 55 Million Americans Had H1N1 Swine Flu
- H1N1 Swine Flu Not So Catchy
- 60 Million in U.S. Vaccinated Against Swine Flu
- 10,000 H1N1 Swine Flu Deaths
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