Sweating (Perspiration) Quiz: Test Your IQ

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Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)
Sweating (Perspiration) FAQs
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Sweat is odorless.

Sweat itself has no odor. Odor is the result of a combination of sweat and bacteria contained in a dark and moist environment, like an armpit or feet enclosed in footwear.

True False

Sweat serves no purpose.

Perspiration serves at least two purposes:

1. Removing waste products such as urea and ammonia;
2. Cooling of the body temperature as sweat evaporates.

True False

Deodorant and antiperspirant are one and the same.

Antiperspirant and deodorant are not one and the same. Antiperspirants feature a chemical barrier that helps to prevent excessive sweating under the armpits. Deodorant helps to combat body odor caused by sweating by masking it with fragrance. Antiperspirants and deodorants are commonly sold in combination as a single product to reduce sweating and dilute odor.

True False

Antiperspirants and deodorants are just as effective when applied to an unwashed area.

Applying antiperspirants and deodorants to an unwashed skin does very little to control odor. It is always best to start with a blank hygienic slate (such as washing well with soap and drying the area completely) and then apply an antiperspirant/deodorant combination product to minimize the sweating and odor.

True False

What is the medical term for body odor?

Bromhidrosis is the medical term for body odor. Body odor can be defined as an unpleasant smell produced after perspiration. Keep in mind: It's not the sweat itself that smells bad. The odor is caused when bacteria come in contact with sweat.

There is no medical term for body odor Bromhidrosis Poor hygiene Xerosis

What is hyperhidrosis?

Hyperhidrosis is the medical term for excessive sweating. Although it's not serious medically, hyperhidrosis can be an embarrassing condition that can interfere with life's basic activities. While many effective treatments have become available, most people never seek help for this condition.

The inability to perspire An itchy skin condition caused by sweating The medical term for excessive sweating Excessively dry skin

_______________ is a common complication of hyperhidrosis.

Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) stems from a fungal infection. A person is more likely to suffer with athlete's foot as a result of excessively sweaty feet because fungus thrives in moist conditions like enclosed footwear. Athlete's foot may be best prevented by keeping the feet clean and dry and avoiding prolonged exposure to moisture.

Shingles Migraines Dry skin Athlete's foot

How many sweat glands do humans have?

Most humans have 2 to 4 million sweat glands! Sweat glands are located in the middle layer of skin called the dermis, which is also made up of nerve endings, hair follicles, and blood vessels.

1 million 2 to 4 million 5 to 7 million 10 million

Where are eccrine sweat glands found?

While there are two types of sweat glands, the majority of sweat glands on the body are eccrine sweat glands. Eccrine sweat glands are particularly numerous on the feet, palms, face, and armpits but are found throughout the body. Eccrine glands are largely responsible for regulating body temperature and they open precisely onto the skin's surface.

Chest, head, neck Groin, back, thighs Palms, face, feet, armpits All of the above

What stimulates apocrine glands?

In addition to eccrine sweat glands, apocrine glands are the other type of sweat gland. Apocrine glands are triggered by emotions such as anger, embarrassment, or fear.

The apocrine glands are prevalent in hair follicles, such as the scalp, underarms, and genitals. These sweat glands become active after puberty and are not responsible for regulating body temperature.

Embarrassment Anger Fear All of the above

Chemicals in sweat can fight many types of bacteria.

Sweat contains fatty acids and mineral matter as well as a potent anti-infective agent dubbed dermicidin. The first antimicrobial agent discovered that is produced by cells in the skin, dermicidin is active against many different types of bacteria, including Escherichia coli (E. coli), Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and the common fungus Candida albicans.

True False

Sweating that is caused by ingesting food is called _____________.

Gustatory sweating refers to sweating on the forehead, face, scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food. Some gustatory sweating is normal after eating hot, spicy foods. Otherwise, gustatory sweating is most commonly a result of damage to a nerve that supplies the parotid gland, the large salivary gland in the cheek. In this setting, referred to as Frey's syndrome, the sweating is usually on one side of the head. Gustatory sweating is also a rare complication of diabetes mellitus.

Food sweating Energy sweating Spice sweating Gustatory sweating

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