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Did you know that Super Bowl Sunday is the second largest day for food consumption after Thanksgiving? Super Bowl parties often involve finger foods, a lot of people sharing communal dishes, and treats that are left out for a long period of time—all which can lead to foodborne illness, also known as food poisoning. Foodborne illness affects about 1 in 6 Americans (48 million people) each year, resulting in approximately 128,000 hospitalizations and an estimated 3,000 deaths.
The best host wants to make sure that foodborne illness is not invited to the party, so follow these simple rules for food safety. Thoroughly CLEAN and wash kitchen surfaces, utensils and hands before preparing or serving food and wash all produce including produce you plan to peel, such as avocados. SEPARATE raw meats and poultry from ready-to-eat foods like fruit and vegetables. COOK meat and poultry to the right temperature by using a food thermometer. CHILL raw and prepared foods within two hours.
For serving, remember to keep cold foods chilled to 40°F or below and hot foods heated to 140°F or above. Instead of using large serving bowls, serve chili, guacamole, salsa or dips in smaller containers, and offer serving spoons and small plates to reduce the opportunity for guests to eat directly from the bowls. Make several small containers in advance and keep them chilled in the refrigerator. Replace the serving bowls with fresh ones throughout the party and discard any perishable food left out at room temperature for more than two hours.
Try these healthy recipes for your Super Bowl Feast this year!
- Appetizers, Snacks, Dips, Salsa & Spreads
- Breads & Muffins
- Sauces, Marinades, Salad Dressings & Gravies
- Soups, Sandwiches, Pizza & Burgers
- Vegetables & Side Dishes
- Special Diets and
- Diet for People with
- Gluten Free Diet
- Vegetarian and Vegan Diets
Enjoy the game!SOURCE: FDA.gov. What's Your Game Plan for Game Day? January 31, 2013
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BruisesA bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body's response to the injury. Treatments include applying an ice pack and pressure to the area by hand.
Celiac Disease (Gluten Enteropathy)Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the diet. Symptoms of celiac disease include bloating, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. Treatment is a gluten free diet. Some individuals may have refractory celiac disease in which they do not respond to a gluten free diet.
Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture WoundsCuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds are common, and most people will experience one of these in their lifetime. Evaluating the injury, and thoroughly cleaning the injury is important. Some injuries should be evaluated by a doctor, and a tetanus shot may be necessary. Treatment will depend upon the severity of the injury.
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may also help stabilize blood glucose levels. Keeping track of when you take your diabetic medicine, keeping track of food choices, eating the proper amount of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, and fats will also help maintain proper blood glucose levels. Foods that raise blood sugar levels are "high glycemic index foods;" examples include:
- Short-grain white rice
Foods that help maintain good blood sugar levels are foods that are low on the glycemic index, for example:
- Rolled or steel-cut oats
- Many fruits
- Non-starchy vegetables
FrostbiteThere are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2) freezing of body tissues (frostbite). Chilblains in general, will not need medical attention (unless there is infection). Trench foot and frostbite, however, require medical attention. Symptoms of frostbite include pain, burning, numbness, and eventually a complete loss of sensation in the affected body part. The young, elderly, and patients with certain medical conditions (diabetes, hypothyroidism, circulatory problems, and psychiatric illnesses), are more susceptible to cold weather-related injuries. People who abuse alcohol and illicit drug user are also at risk for cold weather-related injuries.
HyperthermiaHyperthermia is the overheating of the body. Heat-related illnesses, all hyperthermia conditions, include:
- heat stroke,
- heat exhaustion,
- heat cramps,
- heat rash, and
Lactose intolerance is a common problem where a person's digestive system cannot digest lactose. Signs and symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal bloating
- Abdominal distention (swelling)
There are several tests to diagnose lactose intolerance. Treatment is generally made with dietary changes, supplements, and adaptation to small amounts of milk.
Tips for a Healthier Game DayLearn how to make game day healthy with these recipes and tips. Explore healthy game day appetizers, snacks, and more.