Suicide: Symptoms & Signs

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Related Symptoms & Signs

Suicide is a potentially preventable public health problem that is the 10th leading overall cause of death in the U.S. In 2015, suicide was the third leading cause of death in the U.S. among people 10-14 years of age and the second leading cause of death among those 15-34 years of age.

Risk factors for thoughts of suicide can vary with age, gender and ethnic group, and these risk factors often occur in combination. Over 90% of people who die by suicide have depression or another diagnosable mental or substance abuse disorder, often in combination with other mental disorders. Adverse or traumatic life events in combination with other risk factors such as depression may lead to suicide, but suicide and suicidal behavior should not be considered normal responses to stress.

Other risk factors for suicide include prior suicide attempt(s), family history of mental disorder or substance abuse, family history of suicide, family violence, physical or sexual abuse, keeping firearms in the home, incarceration, and exposure to the suicidal behavior of others.

REFERENCE:

United States. National Institute of Mental Health. National Institutes of Health. "Suicide." <https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/suicide/index.shtml>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/5/2017
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