Strawberry

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What other names is Strawberry known by?

Alpine Strawberry, Fragaria collina, Fragaria insularis, Fragaria vesca, Fragaria virginiana, Fragaria viridis, Fragariae Folium, Fraise, Fraise Alpine, Fraise de Virginie, Fraise des Bois, Fraise des Bois Alpine Blanche, Fraise des Montagnes, Faise Sauvage, Fraisier, Fraisier Craquelin, Fraisier des Collines, Fraisier Vert, Fresa, Mountain Strawberry, Potentilla vesca, Potentilla virginiana, Potentilla viridis, Strawberries, Virginian Strawberry, Wild Strawberry, Wood Strawberry.

What is Strawberry?

Strawberry is a plant. The fruit is eaten and used to make medicine. The leaves are also used to make medicine.

People take strawberry for a wide range of conditions including diarrhea, sluggish intestines, liver disease, yellowed skin (jaundice), pain and swelling (inflammation) of the lining of the respiratory tract, gout, arthritis, nervous tension, water retention (edema), kidney ailments involving gravel and stones, fever, night sweats, and "tired blood" (anemia).

It is also used for "purifying the blood," stimulating metabolism, preventing menstruation, and supporting "natural weight loss."

Some people put strawberry in a cloth and hold it against the skin (as a compress) for rashes.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of strawberry for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

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How does Strawberry work?

Strawberry contains chemicals that are antioxidants and might keep cancer cells from multiplying. Other chemicals in strawberry might slow down the speed at which the nervous system ages. That's why some researchers are interested in studying whether strawberry might help prevent or treat Alzheimer's disease or other diseases that involve progressive loss of nerve function.

Are there safety concerns?

Strawberry is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts found in food. There isn't enough information available to know if strawberry is safe for medicinal use.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Strawberry is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant and breast-feeding women when taken by mouth in food amounts. However, larger medicinal amounts should be avoided until more is known.

Bleeding disorders: There is some concern that using strawberry in larger amounts might prolong bleeding time and increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in some people with bleeding disorders. If you have a bleeding disorder, use strawberry with caution.

Surgery: Using strawberry in larger amounts might slow blood clotting. There is some concern that it might increase the chance of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using strawberry at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Are there any interactions with medications?



Medications moved by pumps in cells (P-glycoprotein Substrates)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Some medications are moved by pumps into cells. Strawberry might make these pumps less active and increase how much of some medications get absorbed by the body. This might increase the side effects of some medications.

Some medications that are moved by these pumps include etoposide, paclitaxel, vinblastine, vincristine, vindesine, ketoconazole, itraconazole, amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, cimetidine, ranitidine, diltiazem, verapamil, corticosteroids, erythromycin, cisapride (Propulsid), fexofenadine (Allegra), cyclosporine, loperamide (Imodium), quinidine, and others.



Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Using larger amounts of strawberry might slow blood clotting. Taking strawberry along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding in some people.

Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

Dosing considerations for Strawberry.

The appropriate dose of strawberry depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for strawberry. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Reviewed on 3/29/2011 12:35:40 PM

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