About 1% of pregnancies overall result in stillbirth, meaning that there are about 24,000 stillborn births each year in the U.S. A number of diseases and conditions as well as problems with the pregnancy or health of the mother can all be causes of stillbirth. The most common symptom of stillbirth is not feeling the baby moving or kicking. Read more: Stillbirth (Stillborn Baby) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Stages of Pregnancy: Week by Week
See pictures on the various stages of pregnancy. See and learn what changes a woman's body goes through and view fetal images of...
13 Early Signs & Symptoms of Pregnancy
What are the early signs and symptoms of pregnancy? Can you know before your missed period? Read about nausea and vomiting...
Pregnancy Exercises: Safe Workouts Like Prenatal Yoga, Kegels
Pregnancy exercises and workouts for moms-to-be include Kegel exercises and prenatal yoga. A prenatal workout is an important...
Pregnancy Myths and Facts Quiz
Being pregnant is a delicate time for both mother and baby. Take this pregnancy myths and facts quiz to separate the myths and...
Related Disease Conditions
Bleeding During Pregnancy (First Trimester)
Bleeding during pregnancy is never normal. Causes of bleeding during the first trimester of a pregnancy may be caused by implantation bleeding, ectopic or tubal pregnancy, subchorionic hemorrhaging, infections, and miscarriage. Bleeding during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy can be caused by a variety of factors.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs
Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience pregnancy symptoms they may include symptoms include missed menstrual period, mood changes, headaches, lower back pain, fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, and heartburn. Signs and symptoms in late pregnancy include leg swelling and shortness of breath. Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a woman having a miscarriage include cigarette smoking, older maternal age, radiation exposure, previous miscarriage, maternal weight, illicit drug use, use of NSAIDs, and trauma or anatomical abnormalities to the uterus. There are five classified types of miscarriage: 1) threatened abortion; 2) incomplete abortion; 3) complete abortion; 4) missed abortion; and (5 septic abortion. While there are no specific treatments to stop a miscarriage, a woman's doctor may advise avoiding certain activities, bed rest, etc. If a woman believes she has had a miscarriage, she needs to seek prompt medical attention.
Care Before and During Pregnancy--Prenatal Care
Second Source article from Government
Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans)
When a woman is pregnant, she needs more vitamins, minerals, and other foods in her diet to stay healthy and deliver a healthy baby. A healthy pregnancy diet menu plan should consist of lots of fruits, vegetables, lean meats (unless you are vegan or vegetarian), and dairy. Examples of healthy pregnancy diet meal plans include holistic pregnancy diet, vegan or vegetarian diet, and low-carb diets. Begin your healthy eating plan around three months before you begin trying to conceive, and follow the same eating plan until after you have stopped breastfeeding. If you are overweight or obese, being pregnant is not the right time to try to lose weight. Discuss your options with your health care professional.
Pregnancy Changes and Body Discomforts
Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems sleeping, and wondering if it is safe to have sex while pregnant. Learn how to manage and move through these challenges during pregnancy.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Pain Relief Options for Childbirth
Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor and childbirth; but for others, numbing of the pain is desired. There are a number of different medications a woman can take during labor and childbirth. It is important for you to learn what pain relief options are available. Please discuss the options with your health care professional well before your "birth day" so that when you are in labor you understand the choices.
Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, low birth weight, premature birth and more. Secondhand smoke also increases your baby's risk of developing lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema, asthma, allergies and SIDS.
How Do I Know if My Baby Has Colic?
Colic is also known as infantile colic and excessive crying syndrome. This is characterized by frequent, prolonged, and intense crying in an infant for reasons we do not know. Most of the time, the infant is healthy and is neither hungry nor has a dirty diaper.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension
- Pregnancy: Preparing for Pregnancy
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Gestational Diabetes
- Pregnancy After 35: Glade Curtis, MD
- Pregnancy Nutrition for All 4 Trimesters
Medications & Supplements
- Prenatal Vitamins (Side Effects and Types)
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vitamins) - oral
- prenatal vitamins/iron/folic acid chewable tablet - oral
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) - oral
- prenatal vitamins/minerals/omega-3 fatty acids - oral, CitraNatal 90 DHA, Duet DHA, M
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) liquid - oral
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) chewable - oral
- multivitamins/iron (includes prenatal vits) chewable tablet - oral
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vits) time release - oral
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vits) - oral liquids
Prevention & Wellness
- COVID Vaccine in Pregnancy Means Healthier Births, Babies: Studies
- No Sign COVID Raises Odds for Preterm Delivery, Stillbirths
- Global Warming Could Bring More Stillbirths, Study Warns
- Stillbirths, Other Pregnancy Complications Up During Pandemic
- Preterm Births Decreased During Pandemic Lockdowns
- Genetic Research May Help Identify Causes of Stillbirth
- Is Childbirth More Dangerous in Rural Areas?
- How Safe is Vaginal Delivery After a Cesarean Birth?
- Sleep Position Unlikely to Affect Baby's Health in Pregnancy, Study Finds
- Guidelines for a Healthy Pregnancy
- Blood Test in Early Pregnancy May Predict Mom's Diabetes Risk
- Obesity Could Set Stage for Heart Issues in Pregnancy
- Blood Pressure Problems During Pregnancy, Heart Trouble Later?
- Obesity Before Pregnancy Tied to Raised Risk of Newborn Death
- Blood Test May Help Rule Out Pregnancy Complication: Study
- 1 in 10 Moms-to-Be Develop Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes: CDC
- Aspirin Advised for Women at High Risk for Pregnancy Complication
- Alcohol Near Start of Pregnancy Linked to Premature Babies
- Balanced Diet During Pregnancy May Lower Risk of Preterm Delivery
- 'Eating for Two' During Pregnancy Could Pack on Too Many Pounds
- Abnormal BMI Tips Scale Toward Pregnancy Complications, Study Says