An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be caused by repetitive movements or a single stressful incident. Symptoms and signs include pain and swelling. Though treatment depends upon the extent and location of the injury, rest, ice, compression, and elevation are key elements of treatment. Read more: Sprains and Strains Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Picture of Hamstring Muscle
The prominent tendons at the back of the knee. See a picture of Hamstring Muscle and learn more about the health topic....
Worst Shoes for Your Foot Health and Beauty With Pictures
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Bandaging Basics in Pictures: From Head to Toe, Burns, Scrapes, and More
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Pain-Relief Tips for Bumps, Bruises, Sprains, and Strains in Pictures
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Sports Injuries: Types, Treatments, and Prevention
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Foot Health: Causes of Swollen Feet and Ankles
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Related Disease Conditions
Second Source article from Government...
Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within...
Lower Back Pain
There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...
Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma...
Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...
Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and...
Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...
Rotator Cuff Disease
Rotator cuff disease is damage to any of the four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Shoulder pain and tenderness are...
Muscle cramps are involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscles that do not relax. Extremely common, any muscles that have...
Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures)
A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures, such as: compressed, open, stress, greenstick,...
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....
Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....
Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck...
Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with...
Growth Plate Fractures and Injuries
Growth plate fractures and injuries occur in the area growing tissue near the end of the long bones of children and teens. Both...
The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...
Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...
A broken toe is one of the most common fractures among individuals. There are many causes of a broken toe, whether it is the big...
Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...
A broken foot is a common injury. There are 26 bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of...
Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy,...
Shoulder and Neck Pain
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Dislocated Ankle (Ankle Dislocation)
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Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury
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Arthritis, bursitis, IT band syndrome, fracture, and strain are just some of the causes of hip pain. Associated symptoms and...
There are many types of quadriceps injuries, including strains, contusions, Osgood-Schlatter disease, patellar tendinitis,...
Falls or blows are the most common cause of gluteal injuries. Symptoms and signs of a gluteal injury include swelling,...
Local ResourcesFind a local Orthopedic Surgeon in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Abdominal Pain
- Lower Back Pain
- Chest Pain
- Joint Pain
- Neck Pain (Cervicalgia)
- Elbow Pain
- Knee Pain
- Shoulder Pain
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Pain Management: Dealing with Back Pain
- Pain: Managing the Pains and Aches of Office Life
- Buttock Pain
- Foot Pain
- Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet
- Heel Pain
- Arm Pain
- Leg Pain
- Ankle Pain
- Hip Pain
- Unsteady Gait
- Joint Stiffness
- Swollen Joints
- Wrist Pain
- Toe Pain
- Finger Pain
- Hand Pain
- Joint Cracking (Joint Popping)
- Stiff Neck
- Joint Redness
- Groin Pain
- Swollen Knee
- Tightness in Chest
- Sprained Ankle
- First Aid Fast Facts
- Sports Injury Treaments
- Back: 10 Health Tips for Autumn Leaves Clean-Up
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Joint Symptoms and Signs: What Do They Mean?
- Symptoms and Signs of Sprains and Strains
- Home Remedies, Treatment, and Prevention of Sprains and Strains
- Diagnosing Sprains and Strains
- When to Call the Doctor for Fever, Nausea, Diarrhea, Colds, and Coughs
- Lisfranc Fracture (Symptoms and Causes)
Medications & Supplements
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril, Amrix, Fexmid)
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- Over-the-Counter Products
- Baclofen vs. Flexeril (Side Effects and Interactions)
Prevention & Wellness
- Health Tip: Thumb Sprains
- Bouncing From 'Jump Park' Trampolines Into the ER
- Exercise Injury Prevention: Protecting Your Ankles
- Ditch the Cast: Some Broken Ankles May Heal in Half the Time
- Play It Safe With Winter Sports
- Health Tip: Ice Skate Safely
- Sprained Ankle? Opioid Rx More Likely in Some States Than Others
- Broken, Sprained Necks: These Sports Pose the Most Risk
- Surgeons Warn of Trampolines' Down Side
- Don't Let Summer Strain Your Back
- Health Tip: How to Spot a Sprained Neck
- Ouch! How to Tell If You Have a Sprain, a Strain or a Tear
- Ice Fishing Can Invite Serious Injuries
- Health Tip: Signs of a Sprained Wrist
- Health Tip: Use Ice to Ease Ankle Sprain Pain
- Protecting Ankles, Feet From Winter's Assaults
- Timely Tips for Safe Snow Removal
- Health Tip: Avoid Straining Your Hip
- Health Tip: At Risk of a Sprained Ankle?
- Study Casts Doubt on Need for Physical Therapy After Ankle Sprain
- Health Tip: Did You Strain Your Hamstring?
- Sprained Ankle Could Pose Longer-Term Harms to Health
- Health Tip: Recognizing Ankle Sprain
- Football Leads in College Sports Injuries, But Wrestling Most Dangerous
- Health Tip: Preventing Sprains and Strains
- Safety Tips for Water Skiing and Wake Boarding
- Keep Safety in Mind When Skateboarding
- Injuries From High Heels on the Rise
- Orthopedist Offers Tips for Preventing Shoulder Injuries
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for Hip Strain?
- Health Tip: Take Back Strain Out of Work
- Health Tip: Prevent Back Strain
- Health Tip: Strained Hamstring?
- Health Tip: Know the Signs of a Hip Strain
- Health Tip: Signs That You've Sprained a Hip
- Health Tip: Help a Sprained Ankle Heal
- Health Tip: Identify Symptoms of a Sprained Wrist
- As Cheerleading Evolves, Injuries Mount
- Injuries From Ocean Waves More Common Than Thought
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Bathroom Falls
- Health Tip: Ice a Sprained Ankle
- Injuries Rising Among Young Dancers
- Cheerleading Needs Safety Guidelines, Pediatricians Say
- Health Tip: Straining a Hamstring
- Health Tip: Manage the Pain of a Neck Sprain
- Health Tip: A Sprain in the Neck
- Health Tip: Strained a Hamstring?
- Health Tip: You May Have Sprained Your Neck
- Health Tip: Caring for an Ankle Sprain
- Health Tip: Muscle Sprains and Strains
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