Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking. Smoker's lung refers to the diseases and structural abnormalities in the lung caused by cigarette smoking. Read more: Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack
Heart disease prevention includes controlling risk factors like diet, exercise, and stress. Heart disease symptoms in women may...
Lung Cancer: Early Signs, Symptoms, Stages
Learn about lung cancer early warning signs, symptoms and treatments. What causes stage IV lung cancer? Get more information on...
Heart Disease: Symptoms, Signs, and Causes
What is heart disease (coronary artery disease)? Learn about the causes of heart disease, arrhythmias and myopathy. Symptoms of...
COPD Foods to Boost Your Health - COPD Diet Tips
What are COPD foods to avoid that may trigger symptoms? Learn more about the COPD diet. Boost your energy and combat COPD with...
How Diabetes Can Affect Your Feet
Learn more about diabetes related foot problems. For people with diabetes, too much glucose in the blood can cause serious foot...
Lung Cancer Risks: Myths and Facts
Learn about lung cancer myths and facts. Explore how cigar smoke, menthol, and pollution can increase your risk of lung cancer...
Smoking Quiz: How to Quit Smoking
You know it's time you quit smoking. Learn the myths and facts about quitting smoking with the Smoking Quiz. When it comes to...
Picture of Lung Cancer
Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. See a picture of...
Picture of Bronchioles
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air...
Picture of Lungs
The lungs are a pair of spongy, air-filled organs located on either side of the chest (thorax). See a picture of the Lungs and...
How to Quit Smoking Without Weight Gain
When you quit smoking, weight gain is a concern. You can quit smoking without weight gain when you understand how your body works...
Effects of Secondhand Smoke: Facts
The effects of secondhand smoke can be hazardous to your health. Secondhand smoke can lead to lung cancer, heart disease, and...
Related Disease Conditions
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT, Blood Clot in the Legs)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in the deep veins, and can be caused by broken bones, trauma to a limb, immobility, medications, smoking, cancer, genetic predisposition, and cancer. Symptoms of a deep vein thrombosis in a leg are swelling, tenderness, redness, warmth, and pain. Treatments for DVT include medications and surgery.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
What Causes a Buildup of Mucus in the Lungs?
What causes mucus in the lungs? Learn the signs and symptoms of accumulation of mucus in your lungs and what to do if you have too much mucus in the lungs.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is short in duration (10-20 days) in comparison with chronic bronchitis, which lasts for months to years. Causes of acute bronchitis include viruses and bacteria, which means it can be contagious. Acute bronchitis caused by environmental factors such as pollution or cigarette smoke is not contagious. Common symptoms for acute bronchitis include nasal congestion, cough, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, and fatigue. Acute bronchitis in children also my include runny nose, fever, and chest pain. Treatment for acute bronchitis are OTC pain relievers, cough suppressants (although not recommended in children), and rest. Infrequently antibiotics may be prescribed to treat acute bronchitis.
Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and chronic bronchitis. Causes of emphysema include chronic cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, and in the underdeveloped parts of the world. Symptoms of emphysema include chronic cough, chest discomfort, breathlessness, and wheezing. Treatments include medication and lifestyle changes.
Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)
Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Regular pelvic exams, Pap testing and screening can detect precancerous changes in the cervix. Cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. The most common signs and symptoms are an increase in vaginal discharge, painful sex, and postmenopausal bleeding. The prognosis and survival rate depends upon the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed.
Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack of blood flow causes a decrease in oxygen delivered to the muscles of the legs. Claudication is generally felt when walking and decreases with rest. In severe cases, claudication may be felt at rest. Narrowing of arteries cause claudication. Treatment includes exercise, medication, and in some cases surgery.
Hookahs vs. Cigarette Smoking (Addiction and Health Dangers)
A hookah is a water pipe that's used to smoke flavored tobacco like watermelon, licorice, coconut, chocolate, cherry, mint, apple, and cappuccino. The use of this type of tobacco smoking began in ancient India and Persia centuries ago. You can find hookah cafes all over the world, for example, the U.S., France, Russia, Britain, and the Middle East. New forms of electronic hookah are now available. Some people who smoke tobacco think that hookahs are less dangerous to their health because the smoke is filtered through water, but the smoke from hookahs contain the same cancer-causing chemicals that cigarette smoke does. Smoking tobacco via cigarettes or hookah are both dangerous to your health.
COPD vs. Emphysema
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the term doctors and other healthcare professionals use to describe a group of serious, progressive (worsens over time), chronic lung diseases that include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and sometimes asthma. The number one cause of COPD or emphysema, is smoking, and smoking is the third leading cause of death in the US.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or air pollutants. Conditions that accompany COPD include chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, and emphysema. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic cough. Treatment of COPD includes GOLD guidelines, smoking cessation, medications, and surgery. The life expectancy of a person with COPD depends on the stage of the disease.
Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row. Causes of chronic bronchitis include cigarette smoking, inhaled irritants, and underlying disease processes (such as asthma, or congestive heart failure). Symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing. Treatments include bronchodilators and steroids. Complications of chronic bronchitis include COPD and emphysema.
Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung cancers are classified as either small-cell or non-small-cell lung cancers.
The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood. Eliminating carbon dioxide from the blood is important, because as it builds up in the blood, headaches, drowsiness, coma, and eventually death may occur. The air we breathe in (inhalation) is warmed, humidified, and cleaned by the nose and the lungs.
Can Doctors Tell if You Smoke From a Blood Test?
A nicotine test measures the level of nicotine or the chemicals cigarettes produce in the body. A lab examination called a nicotine test may help a doctor determine the nicotine content in a person's body.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Diabetes Foot Problems
Diabetes related foot problems can affect your health with two problems: diabetic neuropathy, where diabetes affects the nerves, and peripheral vascular disease, where diabetes affects the flow of blood. Common foot problems for people with diabetes include athlete's foot, fungal infection of nails, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, foot ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts.
Interstitial Lung Disease (Interstitial Pneumonia)
Interstitial lung disease refers to a variety of diseased that thicken the tissue between the lungs' air sacks. Symptoms of interstitial lung disease include shortness of breath, cough, and vascular problems, and their treatment depends on the underlying cause of the tissue thickening. Causes include viruses, bacteria, tobacco smoke, environmental factors, cancer, and heart or kidney failure.
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is restricted blood flow to the kidneys, which may lead to impaired kidney function and high blood pressure (referred to as renovascular hypertension (RVHT). Renal artery stenosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The primary cause of renal artery stenosis is atherosclerosis. Symptoms of renal artery stenosis include high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment and severe high blood pressure in individuals younger than 30 or greater than 50 years of age. Renal artery stenosis is diagnosed with imaging and functional tests. Treatment for renal artery stenosis include medication or surgery.
What Is Asthma? 19 Complex Facts
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay
A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay includes graphics, pictures, and illustrations of diseased heart tissue and the mechanisms that lead to coronary artery disease, and possible heart attack. A coronary artery occlusion may be fatal, but most patients survive it. Death can occur when the occlusion leads to an abnormal heartbeat (severe arrhythmia) or death of heart muscle (extensive myocardial infarction).
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in the SERPINA1 gene. People with the condition are at risk for developing serious lung and liver disease.
What Are the Effects of Secondhand Smoke?
Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease, respiratory illnesses such as asthma, SIDS, bronchitis, and pneumonia. The best way to protect yourself and your family from secondhand smoke exposure is to not allow anyone to smoke in the home and to avoid being around smoke when outside the home.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back.
Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names for nicotine products include smokes, cigs, butts, chew, dip, spit, or snuff. Habitual nicotine use leads to many debilitating medical conditions.
Weight Control and Smoking Cessation
One concern smokers have when considering quitting smoking is weight gain. Not everyone will gain weight when they stop smoking. There are lifestyle changes that can be made to avoid weight gain during smoking cessation. Lifestyle changes include regular exercise, proper nutrition, limiting snacking and alcohol, medication, and weight management counseling.
Radon (A Citizen's Guide to Radon)
Radon is a radioactive gas that has been confirmed to cause cancers. About 21,000 individuals die each year due to radon exposure. Radon can be found in the ground, water supply, and the air you breathe. It is found in schools, homes, offices, and other buildings. You can purchase a Radon Test Kit and have the sample sent to the state radon office. Research has shown that the risk of lung cancer from breathing radon in air is much greater than the risk of stomach cancer from swallowing water with radon in it. The EPA offers a Consumers Guide to Radon Reduction so you can take action to reduce radon levels in your home, school, or office. Scientists are more certain about radon risks than from most other cancer-causing substances.
Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, low birth weight, premature birth and more. Secondhand smoke also increases your baby's risk of developing lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema, asthma, allergies and SIDS.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats.
Smoking and Heart Disease
Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases blood pressure, blood clots, and damages coronary arteries. Learn how to quit smoking today, to prolong your life.
What Should I Do After an Unwanted Pregnancy?
There are a variety of options that may help you handle your situation. It might help you to visualize each option and decide how you feel about it. Consider reaching out to trained professionals or close friends if you get overwhelmed.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Chest X-Ray
- What Are the Different Types of Mechanical Ventilation?
- What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With COPD?
- Why Is Decortication Performed?
- What Is Barotrauma in Mechanical Ventilation?
- What Is Breath Sound Assessment?
- What Conditions Are Treated With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)?
- What Is Endotracheal Intubation Used For?
- What Is Medical Thoracoscopy?
Medications & Supplements
- What Equipment and Medications Are Required for Endotracheal Intubation?
- nicotine patch (Nicoderm CQ, Habitrol)
- Cold Medicine and Cough Syrup for Adults
- Nicorette Gum (nicotine polacrilex, Habitrol)
- varenicline (Chantix)
- nicotine inhaler - oral, Nicotrol
- Side Effects of Pulmozyme (dornase alpha)
- Tabrecta (capmatinib)
Prevention & Wellness
- Vaping-Related Lung Injuries Still Happening -- And May Look Like COVID-19
- The Sooner Young Smokers Start, The Less Likely They Are to Quit
- Global Study Calculates Deadly Toll of Secondhand Smoke
- New, Graphic Health Warnings Coming for U.S. Cigarette Packs
- New Studies Show Vaping Illnesses Tapering Off
- All 50 States Now Reporting Cases of Severe Vaping-Linked Lung Injury
- First Double Lung Transplant Performed for Patient With Vaping-Related Illness
- Vaping-Linked Lung Illnesses Top 2,000, CDC Says
- Close to 1,900 Cases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness, CDC Says
- Cases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Now Top 1,600
- Flavors Draw Young People to Lifetime Habit of Vaping, Study Shows
- Are Disinfectants Putting Nurses at Risk of COPD?
- Juul Halts Sale of Fruit, Dessert Flavors of E-Cigarettes
- Light Smoking Causes More Lung Damage Than Once Suspected: Study
- Cab Drivers Breathe in Way Too Much Smog
- E-Cigarette Maker Juul Stops All Advertising, Replaces CEO
- Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Claims 7th Victim
- Raising Legal Smoking Age to 21 Works
- Unfiltered Cigarettes Are Most Deadly
- Injured Lungs Can Be Regenerated for Transplant: Study
- Hookah Smoke Can Contain More Toxins Than Cigarettes, Experts Warn
- FDA to Crack Down on Retailers That Keep Selling Tobacco to Kids
- One Key Step Can Help Cancer Patients Quit Smoking
- Pediatricians Push for Laws to Prevent Teen Vaping
- Vapers Exposed to Fewer Toxins Than Conventional Smokers: Study
- Smokers Who Roll Their Own Less Likely to Quit
- Millions of Americans Still Breathing Secondhand Smoke: Report
- Secondhand Pot Smoke Found in Kids' Lungs
- Why Are So Few COPD Patients Getting Vital Rehab Treatment?
- Hookah Pipes Far From Harmless, Study Warns
- E-Cigarettes Slowed Wound Healing in Animal Study
- E-Cigs Continue to Spark Debate Over Health Risks/Benefits
- As Hurricane Michael Nears, Expert Warns of Gas-Powered Generator Dangers
- Sales of Juul E-Cigarettes Skyrocket
- Even 'Good' Levels of Air Pollution Are Bad for Smokers
- Smoking, Drinking a Double Whammy for Teens' Arteries: Study
- Vaping Can Damage DNA, But Will It Cause Cancer?
- Lung Cancer Screening's Downside Not Discussed Enough
- Vaping Shuts Off Immune-Fighting Cells in the Lungs, Lab Study Finds
- Health Tip: Teens E-cigarette Users More Likely to Smoke: Study
- More Evidence That Vaping May Help Some Smokers Quit
- U.S. Smoking Rate Hits All-Time Low
- Low-Nicotine E-Cigs May Raise Toxin Risks
- Cinnamon-Flavored E-Cigs May Bring Lung Dangers: Study
- Health Concerns Rise Along With Hawaii Eruptions
- Too Few Smokers Get Lifesaving Lung Cancer Tests
- COPD Is an Adult Killer, But Its Origins May Lie in Childhood
- Smokers' Diets Let Them Down, Too
- More Women Die of Lung Cancer in 2 U.S. 'Hot Spots'
- As Pot Smoking Rises, Users Might Also Turn to Cigarettes
- With E-Cigs, Flavorings May Pose the Greatest Danger
- Health Groups Sue FDA to Speed Review of E-Cigarettes
- Do E-Cigs Really Help Smokers Quit?
- FDA Takes Aim at Flavored Tobacco
- Teens Often Think E-Cigs, Hookah Pipes Harmless: CDC
- Hookah Smoking Carries a Poisoning Risk
- Ban Menthols to Help Some Smokers Quit
- Toxic Metals Found in E-Cigarette Vapor
- Strong Tobacco Laws May Weed Out Vapers, Too
- Graphic Anti-Smoking Ads Can Backfire on Kids
- Most Americans Favor Larger Health Warnings on Cigarette Packs
- Pollution From Coal Burning Most Damaging to Health, Study Finds
- Teen Sisters Develop Ways to Measure Lung, Heart Damage
- Some Lung Patients Buy Cigarettes Along With Meds at Pharmacies: Study
- Living With a Smoker Like Living in a Polluted City: Study
- States Use Only Fraction of Tobacco Revenues to Fight Smoking, Study Finds
- Worst U.S. Air: Bakersfield Calif.; Best: Honolulu, Santa Fe
- Smoking May Worsen Cancer Pain
- Stop-Smoking Aid Chantix Sparks Safety Concerns
- Secondhand Smoke Linked to Chronic Sinusitis
- Good and Bad Health Habits in U.S.
- Heart Attack Symptoms in Women
- Mind Over Matter: Tobacco Addiction
- 10 Persistent Myths About Smoking
- FDA: Boxed Warning on Serious Mental Health Events to be Required for Chantix
- Control Your Weight and Quit Smoking
- Lung Cancer Prevention
- Quit Smoking
- Smoking in Men
- Smoking: Angry People Born to Smoke