Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.Read more: Sleep Apnea Article
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Sleep Disorders: Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, and More
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Top Reasons Children Can't Sleep in Pictures
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The Best Sleep Position for Your Health
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Related Disease Conditions
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications of achondroplasia that need monitoring include (this is not all inclusive) stenosis and compression of the spinal cord, a large opening under the skull, lordosis, kyphosis, spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, middle ear infections, obesity, and dental crowning. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations of the FGFR3 gene.
Tonsillitis is a contagious infection with symptoms of bad breath, snoring, congestion, headache, hoarseness, laryngitis, and coughing up blood. Tonsillitis can be caused acute infection of the tonsils, and several types of bacteria or viruses (for example, strep throat or mononucleosis). There are two types of tonsillitis, acute and chronic. Acute tonsillitis lasts from one to two weeks while chronic tonsillitis can last from months to years. Treatment of tonsillitis and adenoids include antibiotics, over-the-counter medications, and home remedies to relieve pain and inflammation, for example, salt water gargle, slippery elm throat lozenges, sipping warm beverages and eating frozen foods (ice cream, popsicles), serrapeptase, papain, and andrographism Some people with chronic tonsillitis may need surgery (tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy).
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib, AF)
Atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib) is an abnormality in the heart rhythm, which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Atrial fibrillation treatment may include medication or procedures like cardioversion or ablation to normalize the heart rate.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts six months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn)
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the esophagus. The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD are: heartburn, regurgitation, and nausea. Effective treatment is available for most patients with GERD.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Marfan syndrome is hereditary (genetic) condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following symptoms and characteristics: Dislocation of one or both lenses of the eye A protruding or indented breastbone Scoliosis Flat feet Aortic dilatation Dural ectasia (a problem with the sac surrounding the spinal cord) Stretch marks Hernia Collapsed lung Though there is no cure for Marfan syndrome, there are treatments that can minimize and sometimes prevent some complications.
Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)
Sinus infection (sinusitis) is caused by allergies, infection, and chemicals or other irritants of sinuses. Signs and symptoms are headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of sinus infections are generally with antibiotics and at times, home remedies.
Strep Throat (GAS): Treatment and Symptoms
Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep throat include headache, nausea, vomiting, sore throat, and fever. Strep throat symptoms in infants and children are different than in adults. Strep throat is contagious and is generally passed from person-to-person. Treatment for strep throat symptoms include home remedies and OTC medication; however, the only cure for strep throat are antibiotics.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone production is controlled by the brain by the pituitary gland. Hypothyroidism is a very common condition and the symptoms of hypothyroidism are often subtle, but may include, constipation, memory loss, hair loss, and depression. There are a variety of causes of hypothyroidism, and treatment depends on the cause.
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
Fatty Liver (NASH)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NASH occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most likely caused by obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of fatty liver disease are primarily the complications of cirrhosis of the liver; and may include mental changes, liver cancer, the accumulation of fluid in the body (ascites, edema), and gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment for fatty liver includes avoiding certain foods and alcohol. Exercise, weight loss, bariatric surgery, and liver transplantation are treatments for fatty liver disease.
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur. As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treated with medications and supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Symptoms, Treatment, and Life Expectancy
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Get the facts on Down syndrome, a genetic disorder caused by an additional set of chromosomes in a developing fetus. Down syndrome signs and symptoms include distinctive facial features, growth retardation, and decreased mental function and IQ. Blood tests and ultrasound may be used to screen for Down syndrome but chromosome analysis of the fetus is needed to diagnose the condition. People with Down syndrome age more quickly and may develop Alzheimer's disease as young as age 40. Sometimes people are diagnosed with mosaic Down syndrome, in which case they have more than one type of chromosomal makeup.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and becomes worse and more noticeable at rest. This characteristic nighttime worsening can frequently lead to insomnia. Treatment of the symptoms of restless leg syndrome is generally with medication as well as treating any underlying condition causing restless leg syndrome.
Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is caused by injury to the temporomandibular joint. Stress, poor posture, jaw trauma, genetic predisposition, and inflammatory disorders are risk factors for the condition. A variety of self-care measures (application of ice, use of over-the-counter pain medication, massage, relaxation techniques) and medical treatment options (dental splint, Botox, prescription medications, surgery) are available to manage TMJ. The prognosis of TMJ is good with proper treatment.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress, and knowing when to have medical tests for a particular age is key to disease prevention in men.
Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to: control celiac disease, control diabetes, control high blood pressure, prevent loss of bone mass, prevent loss of muscle strength, and prevent vitamin deficiencies. Healthy diets also help prevent obesity and weight gain.
The allergic cascade refers to allergic reactions that happen in the body in response to allergens. A variety of immune cells and chemical messengers participate in the allergic cascade. Symptoms of the allergic cascade range from mild swelling and itching to full-blown anaphylactic shock. Allergen avoidance and medications are used to prevent or treat allergies.
Narcolepsy (Definition, Symptoms, Treatment, Medication)
Causes of narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system, have not been fully determined. Some theories include abnormalities in hypocretin neurons in the brain or an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms of narcolepsy include: excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, disturbed nocturnal sleep, and automatic behavior. Diagnosis of narcolepsy is based on a clinical evaluation, specific questionnaires, sleep logs or diaries, and the results of sleep laboratory tests. Treatments of narcolepsy symptoms include medication and lifestyle changes.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more common among male infants, particularly African American and Native American infants, during the winter months. Putting the baby to sleep on his/her back, avoiding fluffy, loose bedding, using a firm mattress, and avoiding co-sleeping may help to prevent SIDS.
Insulin Resistance (Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Reversal))
Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues. There are no signs or symptoms of insulin resistance. Causes of insulin can include conditions such as stress, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and steroid use. Some of the risk factors for insulin resistance include fatty liver, heart disease, strokes, peripheral vascular disease, high cholesterol, and smoking. Treatment for insulin resistance are lifestyle changes and if necessary, medication.
Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and they usually occur during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. There are several different treatment options for nightmares, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications.
Sleepwalking (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment)
Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with sleepwalking include genetic, environmental, and physiological. Episodes of sleepwalking may include quiet walking to agitated running. Conditions that may have similar symptoms of sleepwalking, but are not include night terrors, confusional arousals, and nocturnal seizures. Treatment of sleepwalking generally include preventative measures. Medication may be prescribed if necessary.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest is an unexpected, sudden death caused by sudden cardiac arrest (loss of heart function). Causes and risk factors of sudden cardiac arrest include (not inclusive): abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), previous heart attack, coronary artery disease, smoking, high cholesterol, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation after a heart attack, congenital heart defects, history of fainting, heart failure, obesity, diabetes, and drug abuse. Treatment of sudden cardiac arrest is an emergency, and action must be taken immediately.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women
Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or couple from experiencing sexual satisfaction. Physical, medical, and psychological conditions may affect sexual functioning, resulting in inhibited sexual desire, inability to become aroused, lack of orgasm, and painful intercourse. Treating the underlying physical and psychological problems usually resolves most female sexual problems.
Sexual Problems in Men
Male sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical or psychological problems. Common sexual problems in men include erectile dysfunction (impotence or ED), premature ejaculation, and loss of libido. Treatment for sexual dysfunction in men may involve medication, hormone therapy, psychological therapy, and the use of mechanical aids.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is constantly stretched, the dermis can break down, leaving behind stretch marks.
Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location of the injury impact the scar's characteristics, but your age, heredity and even sex or ethnicity will affect how your skin reacts.
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity.
The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol abnormalities, and an increased risk for clotting. Patients are most often overweight or obese. Lifestyle modification such as the Mediterranean diet, exercise, and quitting smoking are the preferred treatment of metabolic syndrome.
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep. Snoring and sleep apnea are the most common sleep-related breathing disorders.
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment for hypersomnia includes medication, CPAP machines, and lifestyle changes.
How to Stop Snoring
Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep, turbulent air flow can cause the tissues of the nose and throat to vibrate and give rise to snoring. Any person can snore. Snoring is believed to occur in anywhere from 30% of women to over 45% of men. People who snore can have any body type. In general, as people get older and as they gain weight, snoring will worsen. Snoring can be caused by a number of things, including the sleep position, alcohol, medication, anatomical structure of the mouth and throat, stage of sleep, and mouth breathing.
When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem sleepiness." A person can have problem sleepiness without realizing it. Symptoms of problem sleepiness include: consistently don't get enough sleep, or poor quality sleep, fall asleep while driving, struggle to stay awake when inactive (like watching TV or reading), have difficulty paying attention or concentrating at work, school, or home, have poor performance problems at work or school, have difficulty remembering things, have slowed responses, have difficulty controlling your emotions, and/or if you have to take naps on most days.
High Blood Pressure Treatment (Natural Home Remedies, Diet, Medications)
High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders)
Heart rhythm disorders vary from minor palpitations, premature atrial contractions (PACs), premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), sinus tachycardia, and sinus brachycardia, to abnormal heart rhythms such as tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular flutter, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, brachycardia, or heart blocks. Treatment is dependent upon the type of heart rhythm disorder.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Urinary Incontinence in Children
Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime. Nighttime urinary incontinence is also called bedwetting and sleepwetting. The cause of nighttime incontinence in children is unknown. Daytime incontinence in children may be caused by an overactive bladder. Though many children overcome urinary incontinence naturally, it may be necessary to treat incontinence with medications, bladder training and moisture alarms, which wake the child when he or she begins to urinate.
Weight Control and Smoking Cessation
One concern smokers have when considering quitting smoking is weight gain. Not everyone will gain weight when they stop smoking. There are lifestyle changes that can be made to avoid weight gain during smoking cessation. Lifestyle changes include regular exercise, proper nutrition, limiting snacking and alcohol, medication, and weight management counseling.
High Red Blood Cell Count (Polycythemia)
Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) is a rare blood disease in which the body produces too many red blood cells. Causes of polycythemia are either primary (acquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases, conditions, high altitude).
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers
Sleep needs in children and teenagers depend on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as: sleep apnea, parasomnias, confusional arousals, night terrors, nightmares, narcolepsy, and sleepwalking which can affect a child's or teen's sleep. Healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene can help your infant, toddler, preschooler, tween, or teenager get a good night's sleep.
A deviate septum is a condition that may require surgery. With a deviated septum, the bone and cartilage that divide the nasal cavity of the nose in half (nasal septum) is significantly off-center or crooked. The causes of a deviated septum can be congenital, or develop after a trauma or injury to the nose. Symptoms of a deviated septum include: nasal congestion, recurrent sinus infections, nosebleeds, headache, facial pain, postnasal drip, snoring, and loud breathing. A deviated septum can be relieved with medications and, if necessary, a surgery called septoplasty.
IBS Triggers (Prevention)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition. People with IBS can make lifestyle changes that may modify or control the number and severity of episodes. Certain foods, medications, and hormone levels may trigger IBS episodes, for example fatty foods, dairy products, eating foods in large quantities, foods that contain high levels of sorbitol, foods that produce intestinal gas (broccoli, onions, cabbage, and beans), chocolate, caffeine, physiological stress, some antibiotics, some antidepressants, medicine with sorbitol, and menstrual pain. Exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes can decrease IBS flares, and prevent the number and severity of IBS episodes of diarrhea and constipation.
Fast-food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity include type 2 diabetes, heart attack, stroke, high cholesterol, asthma, sleep apnea, gallstones, fatty liver disease, GERD, depression, and eating disorders.
Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)
Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1) dementia with Lewy bodies, and 2) Parkinson's disease dementia. Symptoms of LBD are changes in a person's ability to think, movement problems, and sleep disorders. Treatment of LBD includes lifestyle changes, management of symptoms, palliative care, and medications to manage symptoms.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions. Symptoms of hypoxia and/or hypoxemia may be acute such as fast heart rate, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath; or severe symptoms include confusion, the inability to communicate, coma, and sometimes death. Treatment of hypoxia and/or hypoxemia is to provide supplemental oxygen to the body as soon as possible.
Snoring is caused by the vibrations of the soft tissues at the back of the nose and throat while a person sleeps. There are many causes of snoring like being pregnant, allergies, asthma, colds, the flu, excess alcohol, some medications, smoking, and sleep position. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that causes snoring and can be serious. Treatments to reduce or stop snoring include lifestyle changes, home remedies, antisnoring devices and aids, medical treatments, and at times, surgery.
What Are the Warning Signs of Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that can potentially lead to serious systemic health complications. It is a condition that causes a person to intermittently stop breathing during sleep. Warning signs of sleep apnea include snoring, nighttime gasping, intermittent pauses during sleep, and daytime sleepiness.
What Are the Three Types of Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that can potentially lead to serious health complications. In sleep apnea, the person may stop breathing for some time during sleep. The three kinds of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and mixed sleep apnea.
Local ResourcesFind a local Sleep Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Surgical Instructions
- Nasal Airway Surgery (Septoplasty) and Turbinectomy
- Electromyogram (EMG)
- Gastric Bypass Surgery
- Oral Surgery
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Hemodialysis (Treatment for Kidney Failure)
- What Is CPAP Therapy?
- What Is Bag Valve Mask Ventilation (BVM) Used For?
- What Does a Narcoleptic Attack Feel Like?
- Weight Loss
- Weight Gain
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Sleep Disorders in Adults
- Sleep Disorders
- Sleep and Health for Older Americans -- Sonia Ancoli-Israel, PhD
- Nasal Congestion
- Difficulty Concentrating
- Sleep Apnea
Medications & Supplements
- theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24)
- medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)
- modafinil (Provigil)
- Diamox (acetazolamide)
- armodafinil (Nuvigil)
- Belsomra (suvorexant)
- Belsomra (suvorexant) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Xyrem (sodium oxybate)
- Side Effects of Provigil (modafinil)
- Wakix (pitolisant)
- Dayvigo (lemborexant)
Prevention & Wellness
- Sleep Builds the Brain in the Early Years, Then Maintains It
- Too Much or Too Little Sleep Bad for Brains
- Struggling With CPAP for Sleep Apnea? Surgery May Help
- Your Sleep Patterns and Alzheimer's Risk
- An Expert's Guide to Keeping Bad Dreams at Bay
- Does Bad Sleep Make Grumpy People?
- Don't Let the Coronavirus Pandemic Rob You of Your Sleep
- A Consistent Bedtime Is Good for Your Heart
- Could Sleep Apnea Put You at Risk for Alzheimer's?
- Sleepless Babies May Face Emotional Troubles as Kids
- AHA News: Sleep Should Be Another Measure of Heart Health, Study Says
- Skipping Sleep to Watch Sports is The Real March Madness
- Erratic Sleep Habits May Boost Risk of Heart Problems: Study
- Bad Sleep, Bad Diet = Bad Heart?
- Silence Your Snore, Save Your Romance
- Untreated Sleep Apnea Puts Your Heart at High Risk
- Health Tip: Coping With Sleep Deprivation
- Health Tip: Warning Signs of Drowsy Driving
- Using Pot to Help With Sleep? Benefits May Not Last
- Health Tip: Sleeping While There's Anxiety
- Parents Can Help Their Sleep-Deprived Teens
- Slimming Down 'Tongue Fat' Might Help Ease Sleep Apnea
- How Does Missed Sleep Affect Your Appetite?
- Health Tip: Signs of Sleep Apnea
- Get Ready for the Sleepiest Day of the Year
- Sleep Disturbances May Trigger Migraine
- Heart Risks in Your Genes? Be Sure to Get Your Zzzs
- Not Getting Enough Shut-Eye? You Have Plenty of Company
- Screening Truckers for Sleep Apnea Cuts Health Insurance Costs
- Sleepless Nights Could Raise Heart Risks
- Deep Sleep May 'Rinse' Day's Toxins From Brain
- Almost Half of Americans Have Been Sleepy Behind the Wheel
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Diabetic Eye Disease
- Childhood Obesity Rate Still Climbing in the US
- Health Tip: Catching Up on Sleep
- Health Tip: Causes of Amnesia
- Is Your Forgetfulness Reason for Concern?
- Are You an 'Extreme Early Bird'?
- AHA News: A Wake-Up Call on Teen Sleep: Why Doctors Want School Bells to Ring Later
- Warm Bath Can Send You Off to a Sound Slumber, Study Finds
- Too Much Smartphone Time May Invite Host of Health Woes
- Is Your Mattress Releasing Toxins While You Sleep?
- Sleep : The Right Prescription for Your Health
- Sleep Troubles Help Drive High U.S. Firefighter Burnout Rate
- Women With Sleep Apnea May Have Higher Cancer Odds Than Men
- LED Blue Light Poses Eye, Sleep Risks: Report
- AHA News: The Often-Overlooked Connection Between Sleep Troubles and Stroke
- FDA Puts Tough Warning Label on Ambien, Lunesta, Other Sleep Aids
- Snoring Not Just a Male Problem
- Common Sleep Myths Endanger Public Health
- CPAP Brings Longer Life for Obese People With Sleep Apnea: Study
- Sleep Apnea May Be Linked With Alzheimer's Marker
- Sleeping In on Weekends May Not Repay Your Sleep 'Debt'
- Evening Exercise Won't Wreck Your Sleep
- Insomnia May Be in Your Genes
- Sleep Apnea Patients Who Are Drowsy During the Day at Risk for Heart Woes
- Why Sleepless Nights Can Mean More Painful Days
- Sleep Patterns May Offer Clues to Alzheimer's
- Catching Up on News About Catch-Up Sleep
- Sleep, Don't Cram, Before Finals for Better Grades
- Health Tip: What Causes Memory Loss?
- Health Tip: Risk Factors For AFib
- Working More, But Getting Less Done?
- After a Spouse's Death, Sleep Woes Up Health Risks
- Sleepy Drivers Involved in 100,000 Crashes a Year
- Here's Something to Sleep On
- How Much He Sleeps May Affect His Stroke Risk
- Scientists Developing Blood Test for Drowsy Driving
- Easing Sleep Apnea May Be Key to Stroke Recovery
- Heart Defects, Sleep Apnea a Deadly Mix for Infants
- Parents Blame Smartphones, Tablets for Teens' Sleep Troubles
- Daytime Drowsiness a Sign of Alzheimer's?
- Sleep Apnea Often Missed in Black Americans
- Sleep Apnea Might Raise Odds for Painful Gout
- For a Healthier Heart, Stick to 6 to 8 Hours of Sleep
- Sound Advice for a Sound Sleep
- Health Tip: Suggestions For a Better Night's Sleep
- Sleepless Nights Haunt 1 in 4 Americans
- Wind Turbines' Health Impact Still Up in the Air
- Snorers, Could CPAP Help Your Sex Life, Too?
- CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Really Safe and Effective?
- Medical Marijuana May Not Help Your Sleep Apnea: Experts
- Who Lives Longer -- Night Owls or Early Birds?
- Even When You Think You're Not Sleepy, Your Car Crash Risk Rises
- Sleepless Nights Show Ties To Alzheimer's Risk
- Health Tip: Speak With Your Doctor if You Aren't Sleeping Well
- Help for When You're Wide-Eyed at 3 a.m.
- Poor College Grades? Maybe Your Class Schedule Is to Blame
- Poor Sleep May Heighten Alzheimer's Risk
- Health Tip: Risk Factors For Insomnia
- Health Tip: When Noise Interrupts Sleep
- Skipping CPAP May Mean Return to the Hospital for Apnea Patients
- Tackling Menopausal Sleep Problems From Other Angles
- Health Tip: Sleep Better
- Life's Hassles May Give You Nightmares … Literally
- Health Tip: Plan for Better Sleep
- People With Epilepsy May Gain From Common Sleep Apnea Treatment
- People With Epilepsy May Gain From Common Sleep Apnea Treatment
- Health Tip: Stress Can Impact Sleep
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Alzheimer's Risk
- Bad Hot Flashes, Sleep Apnea Often Go Together
- Remede System Approved for Sleep Apnea
- 1 in 3 Seniors Take Sleep Aids
- Sleep Deprivation a Serious Threat to Health: Expert
- Nerve 'Zap' Treatment Could Be Alternative to CPAP for Sleep Apnea
- Health Tip: Treating Sleep Apnea
- Sleepless Nights Plague Many Women in Middle Age
- Sleep Apnea Wreaks Havoc on Your Metabolism
- Could You Have Sleep Apnea?
- Health Tip: Sleepiness on the Job
- Preterm Birth Risk Spikes in Mothers With Sleep Disorders
- Videotaping Sleepers Raises CPAP Use
- Can Poor Sleep Boost Odds for Alzheimer's?
- CPAP Mask Not a Prescription for Heart Troubles
- How Poor Sleep Might Raise Odds for Alzheimer's
- Living With Purpose May Help Seniors Sleep Soundly
- Sleep Problems: An Early Warning Sign of Alzheimer's?
- Cocaine, Other Drugs Detected in Carrie Fisher's System After Her Death
- Health Tip: If You Have Sleep Apnea
- Sleepless Nights Could Pose Heart Risk Dangers
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Odds of Irregular Heartbeat
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Pregnancy Complications
- Docs May Not Spot Sleep Apnea, Insomnia in Blacks
- Don't Give Kids Medicines With Codeine, Tramadol: FDA
- Good Sleep Does Get Tougher With Age
- Curbing Sleep Apnea Might Mean Fewer Night Trips to Bathroom
- Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women
- Jury Still Out on Whether to Screen All Adults for Sleep Apnea
- Should More Kids Have Their Tonsils Out?
- U.S. Report Cites the Good and Bad on Marijuana
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Risk for Post-Op Problems
- Sleep Troubles, Heart Troubles?
- For Those With Sleep Apnea, Maybe It's Time for a Driving Test
- Sleep Apnea Mask Treatment Fails to Curb Heart Risks
- Study Links Sleep Problems to Stroke Risk, Recovery
- Sleep Disorders 6 Times Higher Among Veterans
- Health Tip: Exercise for Better Sleep
- Poor Sleep May Worsen Thinking Problems in MS Patients
- Sleep Apnea Tied to Complications After Angioplasty
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Risks for Angioplasty Patients
- Severe, Untreated Sleep Apnea Linked to Aggressive Melanoma
- Young Children With Sleep Apnea May Face Learning Difficulties: Study
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Heart Risks in People With Pacemakers
- Fatty Foods, Drowsy Days
- Desperate for Shut-Eye?
- Health Tip: Considering a CPAP for Sleep Apnea?
- Crash Risk Soars When Truck Drivers Don't Treat Sleep Apnea: Study
- Still Tired After Getting Your Zzz's? You Might Have Sleep Apnea
- Smoothing the Transition to Daylight Saving Time
- Poor Sleep May Not Add to Cholesterol Problems, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea May Take Toll on Your Mood, Thinking Skills
- Health Tip: Promote Better Sleep for You and Your Partner
- Sleepless Nights Might Raise Women's Type 2 Diabetes Risk
- Statins May Reduce Heart Risks Linked to Sleep Apnea: Study
- Too Often, CPAP Is Only Sleep Apnea Treatment Offered
- Sleep Apnea Devices Lower Blood Pressure
- Trouble Sleeping? New Treatment Options May Help
- Sleep Patterns May Affect a Woman's Diabetes Risk
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Women's Heart Risk, But Not Men's
- Implanted Device May Help Ease Sleep Apnea, Small Study Shows
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk of Depression
- Daytime Napping Linked to Diabetes Risk
- Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea Carries Risks for Some Kids: Study
- Health Tip: When a Child Has Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Apnea Treatment May Reverse Unhealthy Brain Changes
- Sinus Surgery May Also Ease Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Apnea May Hurt Kids' Grades
- Sleep Problems May Contribute to Health Disparities in America
- 'Talk Therapy' May Help Persistent Sleeplessness
- Alzheimer's-Linked Brain Proteins Tied to Poor Sleep in Study
- Vets With PTSD Might Need Sleep Apnea Screening: Study
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Depression Risk in Men, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Lower Diabetes Risk for Some
- Could Blowing Your Horn Cut Your Odds for Sleep Apnea?
- Treating Sleep Apnea May Help Those With Heart Rhythm Disorder
- Heavy Snoring, Apnea Tied to Earlier Brain Troubles
- Health Tip: Sleep More Comfortably With a CPAP Mask
- Morphine After Tonsillectomy Tied to Breathing Problems in Study
- Health Tip: When Obesity Affects Sleep
- Asthma Tied to Higher Risk of Sleep Apnea
- Health Tip: If Snoring Keeps You up at Night
- Health Tip: Warning Signs of Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk for Dementia
- For Young Kids, Too Little Sleep Linked to Later Obesity
- Full Bladder May Get a Third of Women Over 40 Up at Night
- Sleep Apnea May Lower Your Aerobic Fitness
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Kidney Disease Progression in Diabetics
- Undiagnosed Sleep Problems May Be Common Among Firefighters
- Sleep Apnea May Steal Some of Your Memory: Study
- Sleep Apnea Gear Doesn't Squelch Sex Life, Study Says
- Smoking-Related Illnesses in U.S. Total 14 Million, Report Finds
- Could a 'Fat Tongue' Be a Factor in Sleep Apnea?
- Untreated Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk of Surgical Complications: Study
- Study: Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders Common With Multiple Sclerosis
- Cutting Calories May Ease Sleep Apnea in Obese, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea Treatment Helps Seniors, Study Finds
- Everest Study Finds High Altitude Affects Blood Pressure
- 'Sleep Drunkenness' Is Common and Linked to Other Behavior Issues
- Severe Sleep Apnea May Boost Odds for Stubborn High Blood Pressure
- No Link Between Sleep Apnea, Cancer, Study Finds
- Portable Monitors OK for Spotting Sleep Apnea: New Guidelines
- Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea May Trigger Weight Gain
- Treating Sleep Apnea May Lower Heart Risks, Study Finds
- CPAP Mask Success May Depend on Family Support, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk of Diabetes, Research Suggests
- Snoring, High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy May Raise Apnea Risk
- Sleep Apnea 'CPAP' Masks Might Help Ease High Blood Pressure
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Raised Stroke Risk in Women, Too
- More Americans Hospitalized for Irregular Heartbeat, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Raised Risk of Death in Pregnancy
- For Many Men, Impotence Is Treatable Without Drugs
- Tonsillectomy May Spur Weight Gain in Kids, But Won't Cause Obesity: Study
- Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to Poor Bone Health
- Insomnia May Raise Stroke Risk, Especially for Younger Adults
- Health Tip: Help a Loved One With Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Apnea Might Raise Pneumonia Risk: Study
- Stroke Can Cause Sleep Apnea in Some Patients
- Preemie Breathing Problems Might Linger in Adulthood
- Sleep Apnea Common After Spinal Cord Injury, Study Finds
- U.S. Children's Hospitals Vary Widely In Tonsillectomy Care
- Women More Open to Weight-Loss Surgery
- Chest Implant Might Help With Hard-to-Treat Sleep Apnea
- 'Low T' Therapy: Is It for Me?
- Review Finds Weight-Loss Surgery Safe and Effective
- Treating Sleep Apnea Might Be a Win-Win for Golfers
- Bad Night's Sleep May Raise Blood Pressure in Kids
- Treating Sleep Apnea May Lower Hard-to-Control Blood Pressure
- Weight Loss Can Combat Irregular Heart Beat, Study Says
- New Study Paints Grim Health Picture for Obese Teens
- Study Raises Questions About Testosterone Therapy
- Weight-Loss Surgery Safe for Very Obese Teens, Study Says
- As Clocks Turn Back on Sunday, Think About Better Sleep
- Poor Sleep Habits Linked With Chronic Diseases, Study Says
- Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Patients Look Better
- Health Tip: Is a Medical Condition Affecting Your Weight?
- Prescription Sleep Aids a Common Choice for American Insomnia
- Sleep Apnea Seen in Pregnant Women With Gestational Diabetes
- Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to Glaucoma, Study Says
- Respiratory Therapy May Lower Death Risk for Some Sleep Apnea Patients
- Sleep Apnea Treatment Eases Nightmares in Vets With PTSD: Study
- Sleep Tips for Summer Nights
- Health Tip: Understanding Excessive Sleepiness
- Consistent Bedtime Helps People Stick With Sleep Apnea Treatment
- Removing Tonsils Helps Kids With Sleep Apnea, Study Finds
- Sleep Apnea in Seniors Tied to Alzheimer's in Study
- Obesity Crisis May Be Fueling Big Jump in Sleep Apnea Cases
- Treating Sleep Apnea Pays Off at Work, Study Finds
- Common Sleep Disorder May Impair Drivers, Research Suggests
- Health Tip: Poor Sleep Can Hurt Your Heart...
- Sleep Apnea Treated Successfully in Non-Specialty Centers
- Exercise Leads to Better Sleep: Poll
- Health Tip: Could You Have Sleep Apnea?
- Most U.S. Soldiers May Suffer From Sleep Problems
- Health Tip: Excessively Sleepy?
- Vitamin D Levels Linked to Daytime Sleepiness
- Combo Therapy May Help Ease Sleep Apnea at High Altitude
- Sleep Apnea Tied to More Brain Damage in Women Than Men
- Study: Treating Sleep Disorder May Thwart Heart Disease
- Deep Belly Fat Could Weaken Men's Bones, Study Suggests
- Losing Weight May Improve Sleep Quality
- Insomnia May Raise Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
- Power Slowly Returns to Much of Northeast After Sandy
- Sandy's Death Toll Rises, Even as East Coast Struggles Back to Life
- Sandy's Wrath Brings Massive Blackouts, Flooding Across Northeast
- Does Sleep Apnea Offer Some Protection During Heart Attack?
- 10-Minute 'Tension Tamer' at Bedtime May Help You Sleep: Study
- Sleepless Nights Might Raise Odds for Diabetes
- Obese Pregnant Women With Sleep Apnea May Have More Delivery Complications
- After Tonsillectomy, Steroids May Not Increase Bleeding
- Obesity Surgery Seems to Reduce Heart Risks, Study Says
- Comparison of Obesity Surgeries Turns Up Surprising Results
- Younger Kids Likelier to Gain Weight After Tonsillectomy
- Bus, Truck Drivers May Downplay Sleep Troubles
- Sleep Problems Linked to More Special Ed
- Snoring Kids Should Be Screened for Sleep Apnea: Experts
- Sleep Boosts Memory for Parkinson's Patients, Study Suggests
- Sleep Apnea Affects Many Women, Too
- Modest Weight Loss Can Reap Prolonged Health Benefits
- Health Tip: Why Some Seniors Can't Sleep
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Not Cut Medical Costs: Study
- Smoking, Pesticides Might Spur Rare 'Sleep-Kicking' Disorder
- Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to Nerve Damage in Diabetics
- Sleep Apnea May Spur Carb Cravings in Diabetics
- Sleep Apnea Treatment Might Boost Men's Sex Lives
- Overweight Kids May Do Worse in Math: Study
- Obesity, Depression Linked to Daytime Sleepiness
- Sleep Apnea in Teens Linked to Social, Behavioral Woes
- Sleep Apnea Therapy Might Ease Depression, Too
- Sleep Habits in U.S. Vary by Race, Native Country: Study
- Too Little Sleep Tied to Stroke Risk
- Feeling Lackadaisical? Sleep Apnea May Be to Blame
- 'CPAP Machine Changed My Life'
- Sleep Apnea: Treatment May Help Keep BP Low
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Higher Cancer Death Risk
- Sleepwalking May Be More Common Than You Think
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Also Help Menstruation, Skin, Hair
- Weight-Loss Surgery Beat Drugs for Cutting Diabetes in Very Obese
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to Depression
- Sleep Apnea Linked to Depression
- Both Too Little and Too Much Sleep Bad for the Heart: Study
- Health Tip: If You Can't Sleep
- ICU May Not Be Needed After Sleep Apnea Surgery
- Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Ward Off Heart Failure: Study
- Kids' Snoring Linked to Behavioral Problems
- Study: Sleep Disturbances Not Linked to Aging
- Treating Sleep Apnea in Kids Improves Behavior, Quality of Life
- Sleep Apnea May Be Tied to 'Silent' Strokes, Study Finds
- Americans Aren't Getting Any Skinnier
- Women Suffer From Sleep Apnea, Raised Heart Risks, Too
- Poor Sleep May Complicate Young Diabetics' Blood Sugar Control
- Driving Isn't An Issue for Most People With Diabetes
- Police Officers Often Robbed of Sleep
- Apnea Treatment Might Reduce Signs of Heart Disease Risk
- 'Ecstasy' May Cause Long-Term Changes in Brain Chemistry
- FDA Reconsiders Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Lack of Sleep, Overweight Linked to Kids' Learning Problems
- Insomnia Might Boost Heart Attack Risk
- Sleeping Soon After Dinner May Raise Stroke Risk
- Poor Sleep May Raise Blood Pressure
- Snuff Use During Pregnancy Is Harmful to Newborns
- Exercise Improves Sleep and Nighttime Breathing Troubles
- Weight Loss May Improve Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Apnea, Daytime Sleepiness: Risky Combo
- Women Give Up Sleep to Care for Others
- New Guidelines on When Kids Need Tonsillectomies
- Sex While Asleep
- How to Pick Your Perfect Mattress
- Snuggle Up With the Perfect Pillow
- Tackling Toddler Sleep Problems
- Nix the Nightcap for Better Sleep?
- Insomnia Symptoms and Causes
- Sleep: Counting Sheep?
- Obesity: Health Risks Associated with Obesity
- Sleep: When to Call the Doctor
- Sleep and Psychiatric Disorders
- Preventing Sleep Problems
- Sleep: Diagnosing Sleep Disorders
- Sleep Disorders: Behavioral Treatments
- Sleep Disorders: Medications
- Sleep Disorders: Alternative Treatments
- Sleep and Aging
- Sleep Problems in Kids
- Sleep Diary
- Sleep Disorders 101
- Sleep Disorders Fact or Fiction
- Sleep: How Did You Sleep Last Night?
- Medical Conditions Doctors Miss
- Sleep: A Good Nights Sleep
- Better Sleep Month
- Sleep - Five Stages Explained
- Snoring - What Is It?