- Type 2 Diabetes: Learn the Warning Signs
- Diabetes Friendly Dining
- Type 2 Diabetes: Test Your Medical IQ
- What is sitagliptin, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for sitagliptin?
- Is sitagliptin available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for sitagliptin?
- What are the side effects of sitagliptin?
- What is the dosage for sitagliptin?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with sitagliptin?
- Is sitagliptin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about sitagliptin?
What is sitagliptin, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Sitagliptin is an oral drug that reduces blood sugar (glucose) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Sitagliptin is a member of a class of drugs that inhibit the enzyme, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) and are therefore called DPP-4 inhibitors. Other members of the class include saxagliptin (Onglyza) and linagliptin (Tradjenta) Following a meal, incretin hormones such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are released from the intestine, and their levels increase in the blood. GLP-1 and GIP reduce blood glucose by increasing the production and release of insulin from the pancreas. GLP-1 also reduces blood glucose by reducing the secretion by the pancreas of the hormone, glucagon, a hormone that increases the production of glucose by the liver and raises the blood level of glucose. The net effect of increased release of GLP-1 and GIP is to reduce blood glucose levels. Sitagliptin inhibits the enzyme, DPP-4, that destroys GLP-1 and GIP and thereby increases the levels and activity of both hormones. As a result, blood glucose levels fall. In summary, sitagliptin reduces blood glucose levels by inhibiting DPP-4 and increasing the levels of GLP-1 and GIP. Sitagliptin was approved by the FDA in October 2006.
What are the side effects of sitagliptin?
AND PRECAUTIONS The most common side effects of sitagliptin are:
Other important side effects of sitagliptin include:
There have been reports of fatal and non-fatal pancreatitis following use of sitagliptin. Acute kidney failure and severe hypersensitivity reactions have also been reported during treatment with sitagliptin.
What is the dosage for sitagliptin?
Sitagliptin may be taken with or without food. The recommended dose is 100 mg once daily. Renal function should be assessed prior to starting sitagliptin and periodically during treatment. The dose of sitagliptin should be modified based on renal function.
Which drugs or supplements interact with sitagliptin?
Sitagliptin may slightly increase the concentration of digoxin (Lanoxin) in the body when both drugs are being taken. Digoxin concentrations should be monitored appropriately. The occurrence of low blood glucose increases when sitagliptin is combined with a sulfonylurea (for example, glyburide [Micronase, Diabeta, Glynase, Prestab]) or insulin. The dose of insulin or sulfonylurea should be reduced.
Is sitagliptin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies of sitagliptin in pregnant women.
It is unknown whether sitagliptin is secreted in human breast milk.
What else should I know about sitagliptin?
What preparations of sitagliptin are available?
Tablets: 25, 50, and 100 mg
How should I keep sitagliptin stored?
Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 15-30 C (59-86 F)
Sitagliptin (Januvia) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Januvia is combined with exercise and diet to improve blood glucose levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and pregnancy information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Related Disease Conditions
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which a person's pancreas does not produce enough insulin to meet the needs of the body....
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may...
Diabetes Treatment (Type 1 and Type 2 Medications and Diet)
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar....
Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times
Taking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in...
Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes (Similarities and Differences)
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million...
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Diabetes: Dealing with Your New Diagnosis
- Diabetes: Your Treatment Options
- Diabetes: Psychological Challenges
- Diabetes: Dealing with the Complications
- Diabetes: Monitoring Your Sugar Levels
- Diabetes: Maintaining Control with Nutrition
- Diabetes & Fitness: Get Moving!
- Diabetes Alert Day
- Diabetes: Scientific Research for Type I Diabetes
- Diabetes: Meeting the Diabetes Challenge
- Diabetes: The Doctor is In: Discussing Diabetes -- Brunilda Nazario, MD -- 03/18/03
- Diabetes: Your Guide to Life With Diabetes
- Diabetes- Keeping Watch: Daily Diabetes Monitoring
- Diabetes and the Holidays: Eating Well-- Elaine Magee, MPH, RD-- 11/19/03
- Diabetes: Maintaining Control
- Diabetes and Your Heart
- Diabetes and Diet: What Do I Eat?
- Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
- Which Diabetes Drug Is Best?
- FDA Warns of Joint Pain Tied to Common Type 2 Diabetes Drugs
- The 10 Most-Prescribed and Top-Selling Medications
- Tight Blood Sugar Control Doesn't Prevent Strokes in Diabetics: Study
- New Diabetes Drug Expected This Week
- Newest Diabetes Drugs Linked to Higher Pancreatitis Risk
- Prescription Meds Can Put on Unwanted Pounds
- FDA Approves First Combo Drug for Diabetes, Cholesterol
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.