The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more common among male infants, particularly African American and Native American infants, during the winter months. Putting the baby to sleep on his/her back, avoiding fluffy, loose bedding, using a firm mattress, and avoiding co-sleeping may help to prevent SIDS. Read more: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Hyperthermia (Heat-Related Illness)
Heat-related illness include heat rash, cramps, exhaustion, stroke, and sunburn. Treatment of heat related illnesses depend on the condition, but symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, seizures, and coma. Heat stroke is a medical emergency, and may result in death if not treated promptly. Heat exhaustion may lead to heat stroke if not treated properly.
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced.
Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and discharge. Treatment focuses on supportive care. This disease has a good prognosis in babies and infants.
Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness, says Steinberg, a distinguished professor of psychology at Temple University in Philadelphia. It also promotes intellectual curiosity, motivation, and desire to achieve. It helps protect children from developing anxiety, depression, eating disorders, antisocial behavior, and alcohol and drug abuse.
Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease, respiratory illnesses such as asthma, SIDS, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Learn how you can protect yourself and your family from secondhand smoke exposure in the home environment and workplace.
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications of achondroplasia that need monitoring include (this is not all inclusive) stenosis and compression of the spinal cord, a large opening under the skull, lordosis, kyphosis, spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, middle ear infections, obesity, and dental crowning. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations of the FGFR3 gene.
Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth, low birth weight or premature birth, and more. Secondhand smoke also increases your baby's risk of developing: lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema, asthma, allergies, and SIDS.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Prevention & Wellness
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- Baby in Your Room, Not in Your Bed: Good Advice, but Are Parents Listening?
- Pregnant Moms Who Smoke, Drink Put Babies at Risk of SIDS: Study
- 'Kangaroo Care' Reduces Infant Deaths
- Is Timing Everything for SIDS Risk?
- Many Parents Not Following Safe-Sleep Advice for Babies
- Fisher-Price Recalls 71,000 More Infant Sleepers
- Health Tip: Safe Sleep For Babies
- Putting Your Child to Sleep in a Car Seat Can Be Deadly
- Babies Still Dying Due to Unsafe Sleep Practices
- Smoking While Pregnant Sends SIDS Risk Soaring
- Soft Furniture No Cushion Against Falls for Young Kids
- Experts Sound Warning About 'Baby Boxes'
- Death Rates for Young Americans Drop, But Still Too High
- Are High-Tech Baby Monitors Worth It? Or Even Safe?
- E-Cigarettes, Nicotine Patch During Pregnancy May Hike SIDS Risk
- Baby Sitters, Relatives Often Unaware of SIDS Risk
- Genetic Heart Defects Rarely the Cause of SIDS, Research Shows
- Babies Face Higher SIDS Risk in Certain States
- Too Many Babies Still Die Needlessly of SIDS, CDC Says
- Even Partial Breast-Feeding for First Few Months Lowers SIDS Risk
- Higher Cigarette Taxes May Mean Fewer Infant Deaths
- Too Many Babies Still Placed on Stomach to Sleep: Study
- Widening 'Race Gap' in U.S. Infant Deaths
- Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths May Be Underestimated: Study
- Can Sharing Your Bedroom With Baby Come With Risks?
- Hospital 'Baby Boxes' May Help Prevent SIDS in Newborns
- Fewer SIDS Deaths in U.S., But Gaps Among Racial Groups Remain
- When Grandparents Raise Grandkids, Are They Up to Date on Child Safety?
- Pediatricians Say No to Wearable Smartphone Baby Monitors
- Baby Crib Ads Show Unsafe Practices, Study Says
- Docs: Infants Should Share Parents' Room to Help Prevent SIDS
- Breast-Feeding Rates Climb, But Many Moms Quit Early: CDC
- Babies Often Put to Sleep in Unsafe Positions
- Smoking in Pregnancy May Be Under-Reported
- Swaddling May Increase Chances of SIDS
- Temporarily Turning Blue Sometimes Normal for Babies, Doctors Say
- Teen Moms May Ignore Advice for Helping Babies Sleep Safely
- Weight Gain Between Pregnancies May Affect Infant Survival
- SIDS Risk Depends on More Than 'Sleeping Environment'
- Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths, Researchers Say
- U.S. Infant Deaths At Lowest Rate Ever: CDC
- Living at Higher Elevations Linked to SIDS Risk
- Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping
- Sleep Position Linked to Death Risk for Those With Epilepsy
- Babies Still Sleeping With Soft Bedding Despite SIDS Risk: CDC
- Brain Abnormality Spotted in Many SIDS Babies
- Sleeping on Sofa Can Be Deadly for Babies, Study Finds
- U.S. Life Expectancy Hits Record High of Nearly 79 Years: CDC
- U.S. Still Lags in Infant Mortality Rates, Report Finds
- Smoking Banned in More Than 80 Percent of U.S. Homes: CDC
- For Kids, Risks of Parental Smoking Persist Long-Term, Study Finds
- Bed-Sharing Linked to SIDS
- Home Nurse Visits May Improve Survival of Moms, Babies
- Health Tip: Baby Should Sleep on Her Back
- Many Parents Not Following Safe Sleep Practices for Babies
- Helmets Not Helpful for Babies With 'Flat Head' Syndrome: Study
- CDC: Docs Aren't Doing Enough to Discourage Problem Drinking
- Many U.S. Parents Share Bed With Babies Despite Risks: Survey
- Bed-Sharing With Babies Tied to More Breast-Feeding
- Nearly Half of Infants Have Flat Spots on Their Heads: Study
- Sleeping on Back to Prevent SIDS Doesn't Appear to Hurt Babies' Ability to Roll
- Bed-Sharing Raises SIDS Risk Fivefold, Study Finds
- U.S. Infant Mortality Rates Finally Dropping Again: Report
- Study Links Stillbirth to Genes Tied to Dangerous Heart Rhythm
- Certain Parents Less Likely to Follow Doctors' Advice: Poll
- Mother's Drinking Increases Risk of Infant's Death: Study
- Airport Smoking Areas Expose Travelers, Workers to Risk: CDC
- Many Smokers Light Up With Kids in Car: Study
- Pregnant Women: Get a Whooping Cough Vaccine
- Many Grandparents Lack Latest Child Safety Info: Study
- U.S. Expands SIDS Prevention Effort
- Testosterone Drops in Dads Sharing Beds With Kids
- Don't Trust 'Dr. Google' for Help on Infant Sleep Safety
- Health Tip: Secondhand Smoke is Dangerous
- Many Moms Don't Meet Their Own Breastfeeding Goals
- More Babies Today Have Irregular Head Shape: Expert
- CDC: Child, Teen Injury Deaths Dropping
- Safe Sleep Can Prevent SIDS Deaths
- Family Tree May Aid Treatment of Inherited Heart Disorders
- Gene Might Be a Culprit in Sudden Infant Death for Boys
- Exclusive Breast-Feeding Best for Baby: Experts
- Mom's Nicotine Patch May Raise Baby's Risk for Colic
- Thousands of U.S. Kids Hospitalized for Abuse
- Study Sheds Light on Preemies' Higher SIDS Risk
- Health Tip: The Risks of Smoking While Pregnant
- Get Rid of Bumpers, Stuffed Animals in Baby's Crib
- Snuff Use During Pregnancy Is Harmful to Newborns
- Surgeon General Urges Support for Breastfeeding
- Increase in SIDS on New Year's Day
- Health Tip: Reduce Your Baby's Risk of SIDS
- Low Serotonin Levels May Be Key to SIDS
- Mom's Smoking May Lead to SIDS
- Bacteria May Be Linked to SIDS
- Newborn Hearing Test Might Point to SIDS Risk