Does Azmacort (triamcinolone) cause side effects?
Glucocorticoids have potent anti-inflammatory actions. Some symptoms of asthma are caused by chronic inflammation in the airways within the lungs that obstruct the flow of air into and out of the lungs.
Azmacort reduces inflammation in the lungs and airways and thereby improves breathing in individuals with asthma. When used as an inhaler, Azmacort goes directly to the airways of the lungs, and very little is absorbed into the body.
Common side effects of Azmacort include:
Serious side effects of Azmacort include:
- decreased formation of bone and increased breakdown (resorption) of bone leading to weak bones and fractures when taken at high doses and
- suppression of the body's ability to make its own natural glucocorticoid in the adrenal glands when taken at very high doses.
No drug interactions have been described with inhaled Azmacort.
There are no adequate studies of Azmacort inhaler in pregnant women. It is unknown if Azmacort secreted in breast milk. Other medications in its family are secreted into breast milk, but it is unknown if the small amounts that may appear in milk affect the infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
What are the important side effects of Azmacort (triamcinolone inhaler)?
Common side effects are:
Oral candidiasis or thrush (a fungal infection) may occur in 1 in 20 to 1 in 10 persons who use triamcinolone, the risk being higher with higher doses. The risk of thrush in children is lower than in adults. Hoarseness also may result from the use of triamcinolone inhaler.
Using a spacer (a device that is attached to the inhaler) and washing the mouth out with water following each use reduces the risk of thrush and hoarseness.
High doses of inhaled glucocorticoids may decrease the formation of bone and increase the breakdown (resorption) of bone leading to weak bones and fractures. Very high doses may cause suppression of the body's ability to make its own natural glucocorticoid in the adrenal glands.
It is possible that patients with suppression of their adrenal glands may need increased amounts of glucocorticoids by the oral or intravenous route during periods of high physical stress such as illnesses when increased amounts of glucocorticoids are needed by the body.
Azmacort (triamcinolone inhaler) side effects list for healthcare professionals
The table below describes the incidence of common adverse experiences based upon three placebo-controlled, multicenter US clinical trials of 507 patients (297 female and 210 male adults (age range 18-64)).
These trials included asthma patients who had previously received inhaled beta2-agonists alone, as well as those who previously required inhaled corticosteroid therapy for the control of their asthma.
The patients were treated with Azmacort (triamcinolone acetonide (inhalation aerosol)) Inhalation Aerosol (including doses ranging from 150 to 600 mcg twice daily for 6 weeks) or placebo.
Adverse Events Occurring at an Incidence of Greater Than 3% and Greater Than Placebo
|Adverse Event||150 mcg|
|Azmacort (triamcinolone acetonide (inhalation aerosol)) Dose|
300 mcg bid
|Sinusitis||5 (9%)||7 (4%)||1 (2%)||6 (4%)|
|Pharyngitis||4 (7%)||42 (25%)||10 (18%)||19 (11%)|
|Headache||4 (7%)||35 (21%)||7 (12%)||24 (14%)|
|Flu Syndrome||2 (4%)||8 (5%)||1 (2%)||5 (3%)|
|Back Pain||2 (4%)||3 (2%)||2 (4%)||3 (2%)|
Adverse events that occurred at an incidence of 1-3% in the overall Azmacort (triamcinolone acetonide (inhalation aerosol)) Inhalation Aerosol treatment group and greater than placebo included:
Nervous system: dry mouth
Organs of special sense: rash
Respiratory system: chest congestion, voice alteration
In older controlled clinical trials of steroid dependent asthmatics, urticaria was reported rarely. Anaphylaxis was not reported in these controlled trials. Typical steroid withdrawal effects including muscle aches, joint aches, and fatigue were noted in clinical trials when patients were transferred from oral steroid therapy to Azmacort (triamcinolone acetonide (inhalation aerosol)) Inhalation Aerosol. Easy bruisability was also noted in these trials.
Hoarseness, dry throat, irritated throat, dry mouth, facial edema, increased wheezing, and cough have been reported. These adverse effects have generally been mild and transient. Cases of oral candidiasis occurring with clinical use have been reported. Cases of growth suppression have been reported for orally inhaled corticosteroids.
Post Marketing: In addition to adverse events reported from clinical trials, the following events have been identified during post approval use of Azmacort (triamcinolone acetonide (inhalation aerosol)) Inhalation Aerosol where these events were reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, and the frequency of occurrence cannot be determined precisely.
These include rare reports of anaphylaxis, cataracts, glaucoma and very rare reports of bone mineral density loss and osteoporosis, especially with prolonged use, which may lead to an increased risk of fractures.
Azmacort (triamcinolone inhaler) is a glucocorticoid steroid medication used for the treatment of asthma. Azmacort should not be used for acute asthma attacks. Common side effects of Azmacort include headache, sore throat, vomiting, dry mouth, cough, oral thrush, and hoarseness. No drug interactions have been described with inhaled Azmacort. There are no adequate studies of Azmacort inhaler in pregnant women. It is unknown if Azmacort secreted in breast milk.
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Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Asthma in Children
Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue while exercising. Preventing exercise-induced asthma attacks involves using inhaled medicines before exercising, performing warm-up exercises and cooling down afterward, avoiding exercising outdoors when pollen counts are high, restricting exercise when you have a viral infection, and wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when exercising in cold weather.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
Occupational asthma is a type of asthma caused by exposure to a substance in the workplace. Symptoms and signs include wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The usual treatment for occupational asthma involves removal from exposure and the use of bronchodilators and inhaled anti-inflammatory medicines.
COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
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Medications & Supplements
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Professional side effects and drug interactions sections courtesy of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.