Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and shortness of breath. Patients with SARS often require oxygen and severe cases require mechanical ventilation. Read more: SARS Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone fracture. Unless one experiences a fracture, a person may have osteoporosis for decades without knowing it. Treatment for osteoporosis may involve medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and bone formation, as well as quitting smoking, regular exercise, cutting back on alcohol intake, and eating a calcium- and vitamin D-rich balanced diet.
Pneumonia (Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment, and Recovery)
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Vasculitis (arteritis, angiitis) is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of vasculitis has its own characteristic pattern of symptoms. The diagnosis of vasculitis is definitively established after a biopsy of involved tissue demonstrates the pattern of blood vessel inflammation. Treatment is directed toward decreasing the inflammation of the arteries and improving the function of affected organs.
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic inflammatory processes, infections, environmental agents, exposure to ionizing radiation, chronic conditions, and certain medications. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, and diminished exercise tolerance. Treatment options are dependent on the type of pulmonary fibrosis; lung transplant and/or medications are options.
ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs, accumulation of fluid in the alveolar air sacs, low blood oxygen, and respiratory distress. ARDS can be life-threatening. Signs and symptoms of are shortness of breath and low levels of oxygen in the blood, which can cause your organs to fail. Causes of ARDS include: Pneumonia Aspiration into the lungs Severe blow to the chest Sepsis Severe injury with shock Drug overdose Inflamed pancreas Other lung conditions and infections Burns Sepsis Near drowning Fractures There have been genetic factors linked to ARDS. Treatment for includes supplemental oxygen, and/or medication. According to some studies, survival rates for ARDS depend upon the cause associated with it, but can vary from 48% to 68%.REFERENCES: Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Clinical Presentation." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. PubMed Health. "ARDS." Updated: Jun 11, 2014. Reynolds, HN. et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: estimated incidence and mortality rate in a 5 million-person population base. Crit Care. 1998; 2(1): 29–34. Published online 1998 Mar 12. doi: 10.1186/cc121
Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) infection can be spread through respiratory secretions. Symptoms include fever, dry cough, and severe shortness of breath. Treatment focuses on supportive care.
COVID-19 (Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV)
Infection with COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV) causes respiratory problems in humans. Transmission of COVID-19 occurs mainly through contact with respiratory sections from an infected person, however, fecal contamination may also spread the virus. Symptoms start off flu-like and progress to coughing, fever, shortness of breath, shaking chills, headache, loss of sense of taste and/or smell, muscle pain, and sore throat. Treatment focuses on supportive care and symptom relief.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- SARS Update to Date
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- Monkeys Confirm SARS
- SARS to Stop, or Here to Stay?
- SARS Epidemic in Perspective
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- What Is a Hospitalist?
- Symptoms of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV) Virus Infection
- Hospitals: Can Yours Handle Your Emergency?
Prevention & Wellness
- Coronavirus Similar to Pandemic Coronavirus Found in Pangolins
- Japan Closes Schools to Help Stem Coronavirus Spread
- First Coronavirus-Related Drug Shortage Reported in U.S.
- Brazil Reports First Confirmed Coronavirus Case in Latin America
- Trump Taps Pence to Head Coronavirus Response, As 1st U.S. Case of 'Unknown Origin' Spotted
- How to Prepare, Protect Yourself From Coronavirus
- How Coronavirus Raced Through Quarantined Cruise Ship
- More Answers Needed About Relocation of Former Cruise Ship Passengers: Judge
- More Countries Report Coronavirus Cases, as Outbreak in U.S. Looks Certain
- First U.S. Trial of Possible Coronavirus Treatment Begins
- Coronavirus Outbreak in America Is Coming: CDC
- $2.5 Billion Coronavirus Plan Sent to Congress as Nations Race to Stem Outbreaks
- More Answers Needed About Relocation of Former Cruise Ship Passengers: Judge
- Without Symptoms or Clear Test Results, Woman May Have Still Spread Coronavirus
- Global Coronavirus Outbreaks Worry Experts, as U.S. Cases Reach 34
- Global Coronavirus Outbreaks Stoking Fears of Pandemic
- U.S. Coronavirus Cases Now Stand at 26, South Korea Fights to Stem Spike in Cases
- Symptomless Coronavirus Cases Stymie Screening Efforts
- US Cases of Coronavirus COVID-19 Concentrated in West Coast -- Where Else?
- U.S. Coronavirus Cases Reach 34: CDC
- U.S. Scientists Take Key Step Towards Coronavirus Vaccine
- New China Coronavirus Cases Decline, 2 Passengers From Affected Cruise Ship Die
- Quarantine Ends on Cruise Ship in Japan as Coronavirus Cases Near 75,000
- Japanese Couple on Delta Flight From Hawaii Diagnosed With Coronavirus
- Antiviral Drug, Plasma Transfusions Show Promise in Treating Coronavirus
- Coronavirus Spreads Most Easily When Patients Are Sickest: CDC
- 14 Americans From Cruise Ship Hit By Coronavirus Test Positive for Infection
- Chinese Report Says Lion's Share of Coronavirus Cases Are Mild
- Coronavirus: Are U.S. Hospitals Prepared?
- Are Coronavirus Tests Accurate?
- Coronavirus Cases Top 64,000 Worldwide, With Nearly 1,400 Deaths Reported
- In Small Study, No Sign That Coronavirus Can Be Passed to Baby During Pregnancy
- Labeling Error Led to Release of Woman Infected with Coronavirus: U.S. Officials
- Coronavirus Cases, Deaths Shoot Up Sharply, While 14th Case Reported in U.S.
- Some Coronavirus Testing Kits Sent to States Are Faulty: CDC
- Coronavirus Cases, Deaths Rise Sharply, While 2 New Cases Reported in U.S.
- WHO Holds Meeting on Fast-Tracking Vaccines and Treatments for New Coronavirus
- Coronavirus Spread Slows, But Death Toll Jumps to 1,113
- Coronavirus in America: Keep Your Panic in Check
- Coronavirus Death Toll Tops 1,000, While 13th U.S. Case Confirmed
- Hundreds Suspected, 12 Confirmed: How CDC Identified U.S. Coronavirus Cases
- Man Residing in China Is First U.S. Citizen to Die From Coronavirus
- Coronavirus Cases Top 40,000, While Deaths Hit 908
- More Americans Evacuated From China as Coronavirus Cases Top 31,000 Worldwide
- U.S. Evacuates More Americans From City at Center of China's Coronavirus Outbreak
- More Americans to Be Evacuated From China; 12th Coronavirus Case Reported
- Are These the 'Real' Wuhan Coronavirus Statistics?
- As Health Experts Fear Possible Coronavirus Pandemic, U.S. Evacuates More Americans
- Experimental Antiviral Drug to be Tested Against New Coronavirus
- As Health Experts Fear Possible Pandemic, 2nd Death Reported Outside China
- U.S. Issues Highest Travel Alert for China as WHO Declares Health Emergency
- Newer Gene Sequencing Might Help Track Spread of Latest Coronavirus in China
- As Health Experts Fear Possible Pandemic, U.S. Reports Cases Have Hit 11
- Labs Worldwide Working on Coronavirus Vaccine, But Rollout Could Take Time
- Study Estimates Actual Coronavirus Case Count in Wuhan May Be Near 76,000
- Will a Face Mask Protect You From Coronavirus?
- Checklist: What You Need to Know About Coronavirus
- Bats Are Thought to Be Coronavirus Source, and Scientists Think They Know Why
- WHO Declares Coronavirus a Public Health Emergency, U.S. Reports First Person-to-Person Infection
- Is the Super Bowl Safe With Coronavirus in the U.S.?
- Family's Experience in Vietnam Shows Coronavirus Spreading Outside China
- Hospitalized Coronavirus Patients Develop Pneumonia, About 10% Die: Study
- Coronavirus Infections in China Hit 7,700, as WHO Mulls Emergency Declaration
- Where Is the New Coronavirus Most Likely to Spread?
- New Coronavirus Infections in China Top SARS Total, as U.S Evacuates Americans
- Coronavirus Cases Top 2,700 in China, While 5th U.S. Case Is Confirmed
- Coronavirus Deaths Top 100 in China, While U.S Issues Travel Alert
- China Bans Travel in Wuhan, Four Nearby Cities
- What You Need to Know Now About the Wuhan Virus
- First Clinical Studies Find Wuhan Virus Closely Resembles SARS
- Scientists Trace Coronavirus Outbreak to Snakes
- 440 Coronavirus Cases, Nine Deaths in China
- Human-to-Human Transmission of Chinese Coronavirus Confirmed as Case Numbers Surge
- First U.S. Patient With China Coronavirus Is Diagnosed in Washington State
- China Coronavirus in US—The New SARS? 5 Things You Need to Know
- Mystery Chinese Pneumonia Virus Identified, Gene-Sequenced
- New Coronavirus May be Cause of Illness Outbreak in China
- Mystery Disease Strikes Dozens in China
- Could New Pig Virus Pose Threat to People?
- Experimental Drug Shows Promise Against Dangerous Viruses
- Bats Harbor Viruses That Could Cause Outbreaks in Humans
- Do Your Part to Stop Spreading Colds and Flu
- Toys Remain Viral Playground for 24 Hours
- SARS-like Virus in Bats Could Jump to Humans
- Airport Screenings Miss Roughly Half of Sick Travelers: Study
- Existing Drugs May Work Against MERS, Studies Suggest
- MERS FAQ: What You Need to Know
- 1st U.S. MERS Patient Improving, Officials Say
- Deadly Respiratory Virus Has Passed Between Animals, Humans Before
- Scientists Tally Viruses Living in Mammals
- Recently Emerged MERS Virus Less Infectious Than SARS: Study
- Study Reveals How New Respiratory Virus Spreads
- MERS Virus May Never Become Big Threat in U.S., Experts Say
- Health Highlights: May 28, 2013
- Health Highlights: May 14, 2013
- Treatment for New, Deadly Coronavirus Shows Promise
- Remembering SARS - 10 Years Later
- Monkey Research Gives Insights Into New SARS-Like Virus
- Secrets of New SARS-Like Virus Uncovered
- British Man Dies From SARS
- Emerging SARS-Like Virus Well-Suited to Attack Humans: Study
- New SARS-Like Virus May Have Spread Between People
- Study Finds New SARS-Like Virus Spread Through Bats, Pigs
- Health Highlights: Nov. 26, 2012
- Airports in N.Y., L.A., Hawaii Deemed Worst for Pandemic Spread
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