Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity. Read more: Seizures Symptoms and Types Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
Epilepsy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Learn about epilepsy stages, symptoms and treatment for this disorder of the brain's electrical system. Epileptic seizures cause...
Related Disease Conditions
Gaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs and symptoms for Gaucher...
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2...
Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on...
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...
Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood....
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical...
Trichinosis Worm Infection
Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...
Date Rape Drugs
Date rape drugs such as GHB, rohypnol, and ketamine are sometimes used to assist in a sexual assault. Symptoms and signs of...
Sleepwalking (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment)
Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...
Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults)
Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...
Learn about mitochondrial disease, genetic disease in which include a group of neuromuscular diseases that are caused by damage...
Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever, can be frightening in small children or infants. However, in general, febrile...
Drowning (Dry, Wet, Near)
Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....
Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma)
Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, is the condition that describes the symptoms and signs that result from the violent...
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever
Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are...
Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include:...
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that increases the levels of phenylalanine and several other substances...
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...
The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...
Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart...
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...
Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever are common symptoms. Mild...
Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of...
Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome)
Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...
1p36 Deletion Syndrome
1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome...
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....
Ciguatera poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxin found in a variety of large reef fish found between...
7 Alzheimer's Disease Stages and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease depend on the stage of the disease. Some doctors and researchers disagree in regard...
Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...
Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever....
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis...
Flakka (also known as "bath salts" or a number of other slang names) is a dangerous synthetic or "designer" drug. Users take it...
Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
A stroke or "brain attack" is caused because blood flow to an area of the brain has been cut off by a blood clot or by a weakened...
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders (Differences and Similarities)
The differences between a seizure, epilepsy, and seizure disorders are confusing to many people. What makes it more confusing, is...
Left Brain vs. Right Brain (Characteristics, Differences, and Functions)
Are left brain vs. right brain theories myth or fact? They actually are a little of both! Scientists and researchers have tried...
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disease caused by defects on two genes. The signs and symptoms of TSC vary...
West Syndrome (Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prognosis, Life Expectancy)
West Syndrome is rare condition that affects infants and children, and has three distinct signs and symptoms (characteristics),...
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two...
Nipah Virus Infection
Nipah virus infection is a zoonotic infection that fruit bats and pigs can transmit to humans. NiV signs and symptoms include...
Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain. Symptoms include fever, headache, and a stiff...
Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is common in older individuals and happens when too much antidiuretic...
Balamuthia mandrillarisis is an ameba that lives in dust and soil. Signs and symptoms of Balamuthia include fever, nausea and...
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Epilepsy and Seizures FAQs
- Senator Ted Kennedy, a Legend Dies of Brain Cancer
- Brain Cancer Symptoms: Headaches and Seizures
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- Seizures: When the Computer Goes Haywire
- Senator Ted Kennedy: Seizure, Brain Cancer, and Death
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- First Aid Fast Facts
- Rhabdomyolysis Symptoms and Causes
- Grapefruit Juice and Drug Interactions
- Brain Eating Amoeba: Naegleria fowleri
- Head Injury Symptoms, Types, and Severity
Medications & Supplements
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- Primidone (Mysoline) Side Effects, Dosage, and Uses
- Diamox (acetazolamide)
- zonisamide (Zonegran)
- levetiracetam (Keppra, Keppra XR, Roweepra, Spritam) Seizure Drug
- Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)
- Lyrica (pregabalin)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Xanax (alprazolam)
- Ativan vs. Xanax
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Alprazolam vs. Diazepam (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- Lyrica (pregabalin) vs. Topamax (topiramate)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Buspar (buspirone)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Hydroxyzine vs. Valium
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Zoloft (sertraline)
Prevention & Wellness
- More Evidence CBD Can Help Ease a Form of Epilepsy in Kids
- FDA Reports Cases of Seizures Among Young Vapers
- First Generic Version of Epilepsy Drug Sabril Approved
- FDA Clears Epilepsy Smartwatch for Use in Kids
- Sudden Death Risk in Epilepsy Can Wane Over Time
- Some Types of Epilepsy Pose More Risks During Pregnancy
- First U.S. Drug Containing Marijuana-Derived Ingredient Goes on Sale
- Internal Body Clocks May Affect Timing of Epileptic Seizures
- Mouse Study Sheds Light on How Diet May Affect Epilepsy
- Foundation Aims to Raise Awareness of Brain Diseases
- For Many, Epilepsy Surgery Effective Long-Term
- Surgery Keeps Many Epilepsy Patients Seizure-Free
- Precautions Cut Sudden Death Risk of Epilepsy
- Study: Low Birth Defect Risk From Newer Epilepsy Drugs
- Epileptic Kids Have More Psychiatric Symptoms
- Bipolar Disorder Often Untreated
- New Birth Defect Warning for Topamax
- Flu Vaccine: Infant Febrile Seizures Reported
- Recall of Defective Glucose Test Strips
- Hyland's Teething Tablets Recall: Possible Poisoning Risk
- Seizure and Pain Drug May Treat Hot Flashes
- New Epilepsy Drug Potiga Gets FDA Panel Nod
- Study: No Proof of Epilepsy Drug Suicide Risk
- Certain Epilepsy Drugs Linked to Suicide
- FDA Panel Says 'No' to Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Seizure Risk Rises With MMRV Vaccine
- Birth Defects Linked to Valproic Acid
- Deep Brain Stimulation Stops Seizures
- Pill Kills Hard-to-Treat Head Lice
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter