Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced. Read more: Seizure (Epilepsy) Article
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Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
Picture of Tuberous Sclerosis (Adenoma Sebaceum)
Small erythematous papules on the nose and cheeks of a child representing angiofibromata. See a Tuberous Sclerosis (Adenoma...
Picture of Tuberous Sclerosis (Fibrous Plaque)
Raised skin-colored plaque on the forehead of a child representing a connective tissue nevus. See a Tuberous Sclerosis (Fibrous...
Picture of Tuberous Sclerosis (Periungual Fibroma)
Flesh-colored periungual papule appearing in adolescence in an individual with tuberous sclerosis. See a Tuberous Sclerosis...
Stroke Causes, Symptoms, and Recovery
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Alcohol Abuse: 12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking
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Epilepsy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Learn about epilepsy stages, symptoms and treatment for this disorder of the brain's electrical system. Epileptic seizures cause...
The 18 Most Expensive U.S. Medical Conditions
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Related Disease Conditions
Brain Tumor (Symptoms, Signs, Types, Causes, Survival Rates)
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary brain tumor are headaches, seizures, memory problems, personality changes, and nausea and vomiting. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Treatment is depends upon the tumor type, grade, and location.
Gaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs and symptoms for Gaucher disease include Anemia (low blood cell count) Easy bruising Easy bleeding Bone pain Fatigue Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) Enlarged liver and spleen There are different types of Gaucher disease. Treatment for Gaucher disease depends on type, and symptoms of the disease.
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited disorder. Early symptoms include mood swings, apathy, depression, and anger uncharacteristic of the individual. Judgement, memory, and other cognitive functions may become impaired. Presymptomatic testing is available for individuals who have a family history of Huntington's disease. Treatment includes medication and therapy for symptoms.
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness. If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body aches. Treatment involves supportive care and antibiotics.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain. Microcephaly is caused by genetic abnormalities, abuse of alcohol or drugs, infection (for example, Zika virus, German measles, or chickenpox), exposure to toxins, or PKU while the mother is pregnant. Symptoms of microcephaly depend upon the severity of the accompanying syndrome. There is no treatment for microcephaly.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood. Phenylalanine is an amino acid that is obtained through diet, and is found in some artificial sweeteners. Signs and symptoms of PKU may vary from mild to severe, and may include: Behavioral problems Developmental delays Autism Seizures PKU has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes. Mutations in the genetic material (DNA) in the mitochondria cause MELAS syndrome. Symptoms of MELAS include: brain dysfunction (encephalopathy) with seizures and headaches, muscle disease with lactic acid build-up in the blood, temporary local paralysis, and abnormal thinking (dementia). There is no known treatment for MELAS.
Group B Strep
Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her baby. Symptoms include fever, seizures, heart rate abnormalities, breathing problems, and fussiness. Intravenous antibiotics are used to treat group B strep infections.
Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S. every year. Symptoms and signs of child abuse include poor school performance, physical injuries, regression, anxiety, and panic. Treatment involves ensuring the safety of the child and tending to any physical injuries.
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There are an estimated 300,000 plus deaths annually from whooping cough (pertussis). Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children but can be prevented with immunization with the vaccine. First stage whooping cough symptoms are a runny nose, sneezing, low-grade fever, a mild cough with the cough gradually becoming more severe. After one to two weeks, the second stage of whooping cough begins.
Meningococcemia (Meningococcal Disease)
Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and body aches. Meningococcemia is treated with intravenous antibiotics. There is an effective and safe vaccine to protect against most serogroups of meningococcus that cause meningococcemia.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on symptom relief. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by: port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin, soft tissue and bony growths (generally involving a limb), and vascular anomalies (varicose veins). Although these three symptoms are consistently found in patients with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome, there are other symptoms, which include atrophy (a limb that is underdeveloped), fingers and toes that are disproportionately large or small, digits that are webbed (syndactyly), too many digits (polydactyly), or too few digits (oligodactyly). The cause of Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome is not known. However, recently there have been some cases that run in families. There is no significant treatment for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome.
A Dupuytren's contracture is a localized formation of scar tissue beneath the skin of the palm of the hand. The scarring accumulates in a tissue (fascia) that normally covers the tendons that pull the fingers to grip. Dimpling and puckering of the skin over the area eventually occur. Dupuytren's contractures occur more frequently in patients with diabetes, epilepsy, and alcoholism. Treatment of a Dupuytren's contracture depends on the severity of the condition. Treatment options may include reassurance and stretching exercises with heat application, ultrasound, and cortisone injections for local inflammation.
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical chronobiologist studies how the "body clock" or biorhythms affect diseases and how the body clock responds to treatment of diseases and conditions at different times of the day.
Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that may last from a few days to several weeks. Toxoplasmosis can be contracted by touching the hands to the mouth after gardening, cleaning a cat's litter box, or anything that came into contact with cat feces. Toxoplasmosis can also be contracted by eating raw or partly cooked meat, especially pork or lamb, or touching the hands to the mouth after contact with raw or undercooked meat.
Trichinosis Worm Infection
Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of trichinosis include diarrhea, nausea, muscle aches, itching, fever, chills, and joint pains.Trichinosis usually resolves without treatment, but more severe cases are treated with thiabendazole (Mintezol), albendazole (Abenza), or mebendazole (Vermox).
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as losing a job or getting into trouble with the law. It can cause myriad health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, birth defects, heart disease, stroke, psychological problems, and dementia. Counseling and a few medications can be effective for alcoholism treatment.
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under increased pressure and can compress and damage the brain. Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary with age, progression of the disease, and individual tolerance to the condition. Hydrocephalus is most often treated by surgery in which a shunt system is inserted.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated. Symptoms of heat stroke include high body temperature, absence of sweating, hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, strange behavior, hallucinations, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure, and coma. A victim of heat stroke must receive immediate treatment to avoid permanent organ damage.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral palsy is generally caused by brain trauma. Types of cerebral palsy include: spastic, dyskinetic (dystonic or choreoathetoid), hypotonic, and mixed types. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, and treatment is generally managing the symptoms of the condition.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more common among male infants, particularly African American and Native American infants, during the winter months. Putting the baby to sleep on his/her back, avoiding fluffy, loose bedding, using a firm mattress, and avoiding co-sleeping may help to prevent SIDS.
Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and complex. Symptoms of concussion include headache, nausea, dizziness, dazed feeling, irritability, visual symptoms. Physical signs include poor concentration, emotional changes, slurred speech, and personality changes. Concussion is diagnosed with physical examination and testing. Treatment for concussion in general are treatment for control of the symptoms, and time.
Sleepwalking (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment)
Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with sleepwalking include genetic, environmental, and physiological. Episodes of sleepwalking may include quiet walking to agitated running. Conditions that may have similar symptoms of sleepwalking, but are not include night terrors, confusional arousals, and nocturnal seizures. Treatment of sleepwalking generally include preventative measures. Medication may be prescribed if necessary.
Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults (Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Treatment Options, Life Expectancy)
Brain and spinal tumor are diseases in which cancer (malignant) cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. Tumors that start in the brain are called primary brain tumors. Tumors that start in the brain and spread to other organs are called primary brain tumors. Symptoms may include headaches, personality changes, dizziness, and trouble walking. Treatment depends upon the type and grade of tumor.
Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia occurs when preeclampsia goes untreated. Eclampsia can cause coma and death of the mother and baby. Preeclampsia symptoms include rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, headaches, blood in the urine, dizziness, and excessive vomiting and nausea. The only real cure for preeclampsia and eclampsia is the birth of the baby.
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity.
Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems, including strep throat, impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, and scarlet fever. There are more than 10 million group A strep infections each year.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, tangled web of abnormal arteries and veins connected by one or more fistulas (abnormal communications). Symptoms of arteriovenous malformations include seizures and headaches. Treatment of arteriovenous malformations include medication or surgery.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults)
Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social interaction, and behavior. Autism is classified as a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), which is part of a broad spectrum of developmental disorders affecting young children and adults. There are numerous theories and studies about the cause of autism. The treatment model for autism is an educational program that is suitable to an individual's developmental level of performance. There is no "cure" for autism.
Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign. Certain risk factors, such as working in an oil refinery, as a chemist, or embalmer, increase the likelihood of developing brain cancer. Symptoms include headaches, weakness, seizures, difficulty walking, blurry vision, nausea,vomiting, and changes in speech, memory, or personality. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS, infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder), a childhood disorder that occurs between the ages of 3 and 7, is characterized by the sudden loss of speech, epileptic seizures, depression, hyperactivity, and aggressiveness.
Brain Eating Amoeba (Naegleria fowleri)
Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba found in freshwater and soil. Infection results when the amoeba enters the nose and travels to the brain and spinal cord, causing primary amebic meningoencephalitis, which destroys brain tissue.
Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. The length of time it takes for the poison to begin working depends on if you inhaled or ingested it, or if your skin and eyes were exposed. However, generally symptoms begin a few hours after poisoning; typically less than 10. You can die from ricin poisoning between 36 and 72 hours after exposure. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include: Fever Cough Nausea Low blood pressure Diarrhea Seizures Blood in the urine As there is no antidote, treatment focuses on minimizing the effects of poisoning.
Learn about mitochondrial disease, genetic disease in which include a group of neuromuscular diseases that are caused by damage to the mitochondria Common mitochondrial myopathies include Kearns–Sayre syndrome, myoclonus epilepsy, and mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. Symptoms of mitochondrial disease include heart failure, exercise intolerance, dementia, muscle weakness, movement disorders, deafness, blindness, stroke-like episodes, and more. There is no specific treatment for mitochondrial disease.
Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names for nicotine products include smokes, cigs, butts, chew, dip, spit, or snuff. Habitual nicotine use leads to many debilitating medical conditions.
Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever, can be frightening in small children or infants. However, in general, febrile seizures are harmless. Febrile seizure is not epilepsy. It is estimated that one in every 25 children will have at least one febrile seizure. It is important to know what to do to help your child if he/she has a febrile seizure. Some of the features of a febrile seizure include: losing consciousness, shaking, moving limbs on both sides of the body, lasts 1-2 minutes. Less commonly, a febrile seizure may only affect one side of the body.
Drowning (Dry, Wet, Near)
Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death. Complications of drowning include: brain damage, pneumonia, ARDS, hypothermia, and spine fractures. At times, there are discussions of near drowning, wet vs. dry, or salt vs. fresh water drownings. Children and young adults are at most risk for drowning accidents. Medical emergencies in the water may lead to drowning such as: seizures, hypoglycemia, sudden cardiac death, or heart attack. Treatment of a drowning victim depends up on the severity of the injury. Prevention is the key to prevent drowning.
Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma)
Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, is the condition that describes the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These symptoms and signs include: bruising, vomiting, poor feeding, seizures, head trauma, and hemorrhages of the retina. Shaken baby sundrome treatment involves removing the infant from the household where the abuse occurred and providing supportive care for the child's injuries.
Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high temperature, rapid breathing and/or a white blood cell count that is too high or too low and has more than 10% band cells. Most cases of sepsis are caused by bacterial infections, and some cases are caused by fungal infections. Treatment requires hospitalization, IV antibiotics, and therapy to treat any organ dysfunction.
Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include: severe burns, muscle trauma, coma, seizures, electrolyte imbalance, medications (statins), viruses, and bacteria. Treatment of rhabdomyolysis depends on the cause.
Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that increases the levels of phenylalanine and several other substances in the blood, at birth. Symptoms of Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency include movement disorders, difficulty swallowing, seizures, and more. Causes of tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency can be from mutations of several genes including GCH1, PCBD1, PTS, and QDPR. Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency is an inherited condition in an autosomal resessive pattern.
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are generally classified by the location of the blood within the skull, these include: epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid bleed, intracranial bleed, sheer injury, edema, and skull fracture. Some common symptoms of a head injury include: vomiting, bleeding from the ear, speech difficulties, paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and body numbness. Treatment of a head injury depends on the type and severity of the injury.
Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium)
Hyponatremia is a condition in which the levels of sodium in the blood is too low. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include headaches, muscle cramps or spasm, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and confusion. Hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in the body, or a loss of sodium in body fluid. Causes of low levels of sodium in the blood include chronic diseases like kidney or congestive heart failure, adrenal gland problems, hypothyroidism, and liver cirrhosis, and some medications. Diet and other lifestyle changes in addition to treatment with electrolyte replacement with an IV. Other treatments for hyponatremia depend upon the cause.
The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus is dislocated from its socket. Symptoms and signs of a shoulder dislocation include nausea and vomiting, lightheadedness, weakness, and sweating. There are various methods of reducing a dislocation and returning the humeral head to its normal place. The method for reduction of a shoulder dislocation depends upon the type of dislocation, the patient, the situation, and the clinician's experience. Intravenous narcotics and muscle relaxants are often administered to relax the muscles and relieve pain.
Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart attacks, abnormal heart valves) or noncardiogenic causes such as: ARDS, kidney failure, high altitude, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, aspirin overdose, pulmonary embolism, and infections. The treatment of pulmonary edema depends on the cause of the condition.
Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing strenuous exercise in a hot environment, prolonged muscle use, and certain diseases of the nervous system may cause muscle spasms. Symptoms and signs of a muscle spasm include an acute onset of pain and a possible bulge seen or felt beneath the skin where the muscle is located. Gently stretching the muscle usually resolves a muscle spasm.
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include: lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Histoplasmosis (Cave Disease)
Histoplasmosis (cave disease) is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and include chest pain, fever, and sweats. Antifungal medications are used in treatment.
Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection)
Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Symptoms include seizures, lethargy, nausea and vomiting, headache, vision changes, weakness, and confusion. Treatment depends upon the individual's symptoms and the stage of the infection. Treatment may incorporate anthelmintics, corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, and/or surgery.
Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have dark skin, and infants born to mothers who are vitamin D deficient are most at risk for developing rickets. Symptoms and signs of rickets include bone pain, delayed teeth formation, short stature, skeletal deformities (bowlegs, abnormally shaped skull), and decreased muscle strength. Treatment of rickets depends upon the cause, but the first step usually involves correcting any abnormal levels of calcium, phosphate, or vitamin D with supplements.
Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever are common symptoms. Mild infections usually resolve on their own. Antibiotics are used to treat more severe cases.
Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and bloody diarrhea. Praziquantel is used in the treatment of schistosomiasis.
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissue. Causes of brain hemorrhage include aneurysm, liver disease, brain tumor, head trauma, high blood pressure, and blood vessel abnormalities. Symptoms include sudden severe headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, tingling, numbness, vision changes, loss of consciousness, and loss of fine motor skills. Treatment depends upon the cause, location, and size of the brain hemorrhage.
Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, and fever. Pregnant women are 20 times more likely than other healthy adults to get listeriosis. Listeria infection is treated with antibiotics.
Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine. Symptoms include fever, chills, back pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms.
Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol may produce amnesia, GHB may result in sleep, coma, or death, and ketamine can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations. Treatment of club drug addiction focuses on monitoring and managing withdrawal symptoms.
Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of half of the face. The facial changes generally begin between the ages of 5 and 15 years. There is no treatment or cure for Parry-Romberg syndrome.
Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome)
Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of appetite, loss of previously acquired motor skills, vomiting, irritability, and seizures. The most common treatment for Leigh's disease is thiamine or Vitamin B1. The prognosis for Leigh's disease is poor.
1p36 Deletion Syndrome
1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome include temper tantrums, biting, and other behavoiral problems. Physical conditions include seizures, hypotonia, swallowing problems, and microbrachycephaly.
Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain)
A brain lesion is defined as an area of damaged brain. Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by: trauma, inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, other diseases, stroke, bleeding, pituitary adenomas, and cerebral palsy. Symptoms of brain lesions include headache, nausea, fever, neck pain and stiffness, affected vision and speech, and weakness or paralysis to one side of the body. Diagnosis of brain lesions is generally accomplished with imaging studies like CT or MRI scans. Treatment and prognosis of brain lesions depends on the cause of the lesion.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever are being diagnosed with an ASD, including adults. Children with autism may receive special education services. A child with an ASD may or may not have a mitochondrial disease.
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are two kinds of brain damage. Symptoms may include headaches, confusion, memory problems, nausea, and more. Treatment includes patient stabilization and ensuring that blood and oxygen are flowing to the brain. Adequate blood pressure control is also necessary. In cases of severe brain damage, surgery and rehabilitation may be required.
Ingredients of the drug bath salts include mephedrone, methylone, MDPV, or MDPK. Feeling high and sexually stimulated are symptoms of bath salt abuse. The primary goals for the treatment of addiction symptoms (also called recovery) are abstinence, relapse prevention, and rehabilitation.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles. Researchers believe that cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine headaches are related. Triggers of cyclic vomiting syndrome are emotional stress and infections. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome are at an increased risk of dehydration. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Treatment varies from person to person, but is generally directed toward relief of the symptoms of the condition.
Ciguatera poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxin found in a variety of large reef fish found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Symptoms of ciguatera poisoning include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, vertigo, numbness, tingling, and muscle pain. Ciguatera poisoning requires medical treatment.
Ataxia is a lack of muscle coordination when a voluntary movement is attempted. There are many different types of ataxia (cerebellar, sensory, vestibular). Ataxia may be inherited or caused by a genetic defect or it may be acquired. Symptoms of ataxia may include: difficulty walking, slurring speech, fatigue, and difficulty using the hands and fingers. History and physical examination, blood tests, and CT and MRI scans may be used to help diagnose ataxia. The treatment and prognosis of ataxia depend on the underlying cause.
7 Alzheimer's Disease Stages and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease depend on the stage of the disease. Some doctors and researchers disagree in regard to the number of stages of Alzheimer's disease (from 1 to 7 stages). The Global Deterioration Scale or GDS identifies seven stages of Alzheimer's disease that include stage 1 (no impairment), stage 2 (very mild cognitive decline), stage 3 (mild cognitive decline), stage 4 (moderate cognitive decline), stage 5 (moderately severe decline), stage 6 (severe decline), and stage 7 (very severe decline). There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, however, there are drugs and therapies to help the symptoms Alzheimer's disease causes.
Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the depth of coma. Causes of coma include trauma, bleeding, edema, lack of oxygen, poisoning, or hypoglycemia. Prognosis for a patient in a coma depends on the cause of the coma.
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis sativa, and 2) Cannabis indica. Medical marijuana is used to treat pain, nausea, anxiety, MS, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. Medical cannabis is legal in a variety of states in the US. A card or licence is required to purchase medical marijuana in states where it is legal; however, medical cannabis is against Federal law. Medical marijuana comes in a variety of products, for example, gummy bears and other candy, muffins, cookies, drinks, salves, ointments, creams, oils, and wax.
Powassan Virus Disease
Powassan (POW) virus disease is a rare tick-borne disease that causes symptoms such as confusion, memory problems, fever, headache, vomiting, and seizures. POW virus treatment focuses on supportive care that aims to reduce symptoms. There is no medication or cure for POW virus disease.
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders (Differences and Similarities)
The differences between a seizure, epilepsy, and seizure disorders are confusing to many people. What makes it more confusing, is that they are not the same thing. A seizure begins suddenly, and is a symptom of another disease. When a seizure occurs there is uncontrolled activity in the brain that usually only lasts for a short period. While a seizure disorder is a medical condition, in which the person has episodes of uncontrolled activity in the brain producing symptoms that include one or more seizures. Epilepsy is considered a seizure disorder.There are two types of major seizures, generalized and partial seizure type and the symptoms depend upon the part of the brain affected, and may include: Loss of consciousness Thought disturbances Convulsions Eye rolling Stiff limbs Twitching on only one side or a portion of the body like an arm or leg. Involuntary urination or bowel movement Repetitive shaking or jerking of the body Staring into space, sometimes with eye blinking No loss of consciousness, but the person becomes confused for a few minutes A third type of seizure is called unclassified seizure.Seizure disorders are classified under two types of major seizures (generalized and partial), and a third type called unclassified seizures. There are about 40 types of named seizure disorders. The symptoms and signs are different depending on the part of the brain affected by the seizure. Examples of seizure disorders are: Febrile seizures Benign Rolandic epilepsy Catamenial epilepsy Absence seizures Frontal lobe epilepsy Epilepsy Sometimes there is a known cause for a seizure like alcohol, cocaine or other illegal drug abuse, drug reactions, a severe chemical imbalance in the blood, or medical problems like low blood pressure. Treatment, management, and prevention of seizures include medication and avoiding any known causes or common triggers. REFERENCES: CDC. "Types of Seizures." Updated: Apr 10, 2017.Harvard Health Publications; Harvard Medical School. "Generalized Seizures (Grand Mal Seizures)."
Left Brain vs. Right Brain (Characteristics, Differences, and Functions)
Are left brain vs. right brain theories myth or fact? They actually are a little of both! Scientists and researchers have tried to answer this question since the 1800s. In the 1960s, neuroscientist Roger Sperry began to research the right brain vs. left brain theory. In 1981, together with neuroscientist Torsten Wiesel, he won the won the Nobel Prize for his "split-brain" theory. In the split-brain theory, the left and right sides of the brain are connected by the corpus callosum (where place each side of the brain meets and sends signals and communicates with other), and that both the left and right sides of the brain have specific functions. What is an example of right-brain vs. left brain theory? Scientists now know that for most people who are right-handed, the language center of their brain is located in the Broca are of the left side of the brain. Moreover, research suggests that that emotions and creativity are located in the right-side of the brain. The medical field calls this "brain lateralization." While researchers and scientists don't fully understand the functions of the right-and -left sides of the brain or hemispheres, but through ongoing research there are endless possibilities in learning how the brain functions.REFERENCE: Corballis, MC. "Left Brain, Right Brain: Facts and Fantasies." PLoS Biol. 2014 Jan; 12(1): e1001767.
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disease caused by defects on two genes. The signs and symptoms of TSC vary depending on which organs and systems are involved. Common symptoms include benign tumors, seizures, behavior problems, skin abnormalities, and cognitive impairment. TSC treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms with medications, special schooling, surgery, supplemental oxygen therapy, lung transplantation, and occupational therapy.
West Syndrome (Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prognosis, Life Expectancy)
West Syndrome is rare condition that affects infants and children, and has three distinct signs and symptoms (characteristics), 1) abnormal brain waves on EEG, 2) infantile spasms (jackknife seizures), and 3) mental retardation. West syndrome characteristics appear between age 3 and 12 months. West syndrome is caused or associated with severe brain damage at birth, tuberosis sclerosis, and prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal disorders. Cryptogenic West syndrome has no identifiable cause). There is no treatment or cure for West syndrome. Symptoms and signs of West syndrome may be managed with medication. The prognosis and life expectancy for an individual with West syndrome varies depending upon the cause and severity of signs and symptoms. For every 100 infants and children, about five will not live past age five.
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain. Symptoms include fever, headache, and a stiff neck. Treatment of meningitis depends upon the cause of the infection and may include antibiotics or antiviral medications.
Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back, drowsiness, and irritability. Treatment may incorporate anticonvulsants and antiviral medications.
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is common in older individuals and happens when too much antidiuretic hormone releases and causes water retention and a low sodium level. There are several causes of SIADH. Symptoms include seizures, irritability, elevated systolic blood pressure, and hyponatremia, among others. Treatment involves restricting fluids, treating the underlying cause, and taking medications to decrease the antidiuretic hormone's effect on the kidneys.
Acanthamoeba is an amoeba that lives in dust, soil, and fresh, sea, and brackish water. Acanthamoeba keratitis causes eye pain, a sensation of something in the eye, and blurry vision. Acanthamoeba causes granulomatous encephalitis, leading to seizures, hallucinations, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. Diseeminated infection may also result from Acanthamoeba infection.
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Lumbar Puncture (LP or Spinal Tap)
- Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery
- Surgical Options for Epilepsy
- Epilepsy Treatment
- Temporal Lobe Resection
- Extratemporal Cortical Resection
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Seizures
- Multiple Subpial Transection
- First Aid for Seizures
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- Seizure (Epilepsy)
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Memory Loss
- Loss of Temperature Sensation
- Altered Mental Status
- Cyanosis (Turning Blue)
- Difficulty With Speech
- Vocal Outbursts
- Loss of Speech
- Unusual Behavior
- Epilepsy and Seizures FAQs
- Senator Ted Kennedy, a Legend Dies of Brain Cancer
- Why Remove Half A Brain?
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Causes Collapse of Baseball Mgr
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- First Aid Fast Facts
- Seizures: When the Computer Goes Haywire
- Senator Ted Kennedy: Seizure, Brain Cancer, and Death
- Neonatal Sepsis (Sepsis Neonatorum)
- FDA: Stop Using Hydroxycut
- Brain Cancer Symptoms: Headaches and Seizures
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- What Is a Jacksonian Seizure?
- Does Lupus Cause Seizures?
- Rhabdomyolysis Symptoms and Causes
- Grapefruit Juice and Drug Interactions
- Brain Eating Amoeba: Naegleria fowleri
- Brain Tumor Symptoms and Types
Medications & Supplements
- diazepam - injection, Valium
- carbamazepine - oral, Tegretol
- valproic acid - oral, Depakene
- phenytoin extended capsule - oral, Dilantin
- divalproex sodium extended-release - oral, Depakote ER
- phenytoin suspension - oral, Dilantin
- phenytoin sodium capsules - oral, Dilantin
- phenytoin chewable tablet - oral, Dilantin
- lorazepam concentrate - oral
- topiramate sprinkles - oral, Topamax
- gabapentin solution - oral, Neurontin
- clonazepam disintegrating tablet - oral
- lamotrigine chewable/dispersible tablet - oral, Lamictal
- diazepam - rectal, Diastat
- diazepam - oral, Valium
- carbamazepine suspension - oral, Tegretol
- clonazepam - oral, Klonopin
- topiramate - oral, Topamax
- lorazepam - injection, Ativan
- carbamazepine chewable tablet - oral, Tegretol
- divalproex sodium sprinkle capsule - oral, Depakote Sprinkle
- lamotrigine - oral, Lamictal
- carbamazepine extended-release - oral, Carbatrol, Tegretol XR
- divalproex sodium enteric-coated tablet - oral, Depakote
- gabapentin - oral, Neurontin
- CARBAMAZEPINE EXTENDED RELEASE TABLETS-ORAL, Tegretol XR
- PHENYTOIN-INJECTION, Dilantin
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- phenytoin (Dilantin)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- ethosuximide - oral, Zarontin
- Primidone (Mysoline) Side Effects, Dosage, and Uses
- Diamox (acetazolamide)
- pyridoxine - oral, Neuro-K, Vitamin B-6
- felbamate - oral, Felbatol
- magnesium sulfate (injection)
- zonisamide (Zonegran)
- oxcarbazepine suspension - oral, Trileptal
- clobazam - oral, Onfi
- midazolam injection, Versed (discontinued brand)
- nitrazepam-oral capsule, tablet
- levetiracetam (Keppra)
- fosphenytoin-injection, Cerebyx
- oxcarbazepine - oral, Trileptal
- tiagabine - oral, Gabitril
- vigabatrin powder packets - oral
- ethotoin - oral, Peganone
- vigabatrin - oral
- Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)
- levocarnitine - injection, Carnitor
- clorazepate - oral, Tranxene
- valproate sodium syrup - oral, Depakene
- methsuximide - oral, Celontin
- levocarnitine (Carnitor)
- Lyrica (pregabalin)
- gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant, Gralise, Neurontin)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Xanax (alprazolam)
- Ativan vs. Xanax
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Alprazolam vs. Diazepam (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- Lyrica (pregabalin) vs. Topamax (topiramate)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Buspar (buspirone)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
- Valium (diazepam) vs. midazolam
- Depakote ER
- Keppra Injection
- Keppra XR
- Roweepra XR
- Lamictal XR
- Dilantin 125
- Diamox Sequels
- Elepsia XR
- Oxtellar XR
- Qudexy XR
- Diazepam Injection
- Acetazolamide Injection
- Diastat Acudial
- Zarontin Oral Solution
- Dilantin Kapseals
Prevention & Wellness
- Virtual Doc Visits Suffice for Many With Neurological Disorders
- 3 Drugs for Severe Epileptic Seizures Are Equally Effective: Study
- Many Young Adults Misusing Medical Marijuana, Study Suggests
- FDA Approves XCOPRI for Treatment of Partial-Onset Seizures
- She Lives With Seizures, and Public Stigma, Every Day
- They Had Half Their Brains Removed. Here's What Happened After
- Animal Study Offers Hope for Treating Traumatic Brain Injuries
- Study Spots Ties Between Rheumatoid Arthritis, Other Diseases
- Pain Twice as Common for Kids With Autism: Study
- Interest in CBD Products Keeps Soaring, but Health Experts Wary
- Sick Americans Turning to Medical Pot for Help
- Clues to Why Epileptic Seizures Can Halt Breathing
- Your Chocolate Pot 'Edible' Could Hold a Hidden Danger
- CBD Is the Rage, But More Science Needed on Safety, Effectiveness
- FDA Reports More Seizures Among Vapers
- Pure CBD Won't Make You Fail a Drug Test, But…
- FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims
- Another Study Casts Doubt on Safety of Herbal Drug Kratom
- Sudden Death Can Occur Even in Well-Controlled Epilepsy
- Health Tip: Seizure First Aid
- Epilepsy Drug Tied to Higher Risk of Suicidal Behavior in Young Users
- Strobes at Concerts May Cause Epileptic Seizures
- FDA Takes Hard Look at CBD
- Some CBD Oils, Marijuana-Derived Drug Now Allowed on Flights: TSA
- CBD -- It's Everywhere, But Does It Work?
- More Evidence CBD Can Help Ease a Form of Epilepsy in Kids
- Mind-Reading Tech Could Bring 'Synthetic Speech' to Brain-Damaged Patients
- FDA Reports Cases of Seizures Among Young Vapers
- ADHD Meds Safe With Epilepsy, Study Finds
- Chickens Help Scientists Pinpoint Origin of Rare, Deadly Virus
- Kratom-Related Poisonings Are Soaring, Study Finds
- Joking Through Brain Surgery? Seriously?
- 'Mind-Reading' AI Turns Thoughts Into Spoken Words
- First Generic Version of Epilepsy Drug Sabril Approved
- FDA Clears Epilepsy Smartwatch for Use in Kids
- Use of Common Epilepsy Drug in Pregnancy Tied to ADHD in Kids
- Decoding Newborn's DNA Could Pinpoint Hidden Risks
- Rough Neighborhood, Worse Epilepsy?
- Depression Is a Risk for Teens, Adults With Epilepsy
- Sudden Death Risk in Epilepsy Can Wane Over Time
- Benefits of CBD Liquid for Epilepsy May Fade With Time: Study
- Some Types of Epilepsy Pose More Risks During Pregnancy
- First U.S. Drug Containing Marijuana-Derived Ingredient Goes on Sale
- Anti-Seizure Drug May Be New Weapon Against Depression
- DEA Reschedules CBD Drug for Epilepsy
- Internal Body Clocks May Affect Timing of Epileptic Seizures
- Brain Implant Puts the Brakes on Epileptic Seizures in Mice
- Health Tip: Keep Your Epileptic Child Safer
- Folic Acid Supplements in Pregnancy Help Kids of Women With Epilepsy
- Brain's 'Plasticity' Amazes as Boy Recovers From Drastic Surgery
- FDA Warns of Deaths Tied to Tainted Synthetic Pot
- FDA OKs First Drug Containing Marijuana-Derived Ingredient
- Disney's 'Incredibles 2' Could Pose Risk to People With Epilepsy
- Low Dose of CBD Liquid Eases Epilepsy Seizures: Study
- CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Really Safe and Effective?
- Study Debunks Idea That Epilepsy Can Hamper Fertility
- Fetal Exposure to Epilepsy Drug Tied to Lower School Grades Later
- Seizure Drug May Help Ease Symptoms of Major Form of Dementia
- Epilepsy Drug Could Raise Birth Defect Risks
- People With Epilepsy May Gain From Common Sleep Apnea Treatment
- Diet May Help Fight Epilepsy When Meds Fail
- People With Epilepsy May Gain From Common Sleep Apnea Treatment
- Health Tip: Managing Epilepsy in Children
- Parents Say Schools Don't Help Kids With Mental Health, Chronic Disease
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unecessary Opioids, Study Finds
- Pot Compound Alters Levels of Seizure Drug in Epilepsy Patients
- Number of Americans With Epilepsy at Record Level
- Know the Signs of Concussion
- Genetic Testing Can Help Pinpoint Epilepsy Earlier
- New Drugs Show Promise as First to Prevent Migraine
- Compound in Pot Eases Severe Form of Epilepsy
- Fido or Fluffy Can Bring You a Big Health Boost
- 'Silent' Seizures Tied to Alzheimer's Symptoms
- Seizure Control Eases Life for Young Adults With Epilepsy
- Seizure Control Key to Avoiding Sudden Death With Epilepsy
- Pot Ingredient Might Ease Severe Epilepsy
- Obesity in Early Pregnancy May Raise Child's Risk of Epilepsy
- What Drugs Work Best for Diabetic Nerve Pain?
- Severe Low Blood Sugar Episode May Up Death Risk in Those With Type 2 Diabetes
- College Students Seem to Take Longer to Recover From Concussion
- Can Brain Scans Help Doctors Navigate Epilepsy Surgery?
- 'Epilepsy Gene Network' Identified in Brain
- Marijuana Derivative May Curb Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy
- Rare Infant Seizure Disorder Often Missed
- When Sibling Has Epilepsy, Kids Worry
- 11 Percent of Stroke Survivors Struggle With Epilepsy
- Study Sheds Light on Safety of Driving With Epilepsy
- Moms' Rheumatoid Arthritis May Be Linked to Epilepsy Risk in Kids
- Clots May Be the Cause of Fainting in Some Elderly
- Newer Epilepsy Drugs May Be Safer During Pregnancy
- Young People With Epilepsy Struggle on Many Fronts
- 1 in 5 Opioid Users Also Might Be Abusing Seizure Drug: Study
- 4 Out of 5 Kids With Epilepsy Have Other Health Problems: Study
- Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds
- Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study Suggests
- Prior C-Section Raises Risk of Complications With Home Birth
- More U.S. Kids Have Chronic Health Problems: Study
- One-a-Day Anti-Seizure Drug Shows Promise for People With Epilepsy
- Study Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects
- Even Controlled, Epilepsy May Still Cause Problems for Kids
- Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Epilepsy Risk, Study Suggests
- Stroke Survivors Develop Seizures, Study Confirms
- Marijuana Chemical May Help Prevent Epileptic Seizures in Kids, Young Adults
- Nasal Spray May Give Diabetics Faster Treatment for Low Blood Sugar
- Wearable Devices Aim to Monitor Epileptic Seizures
- Marijuana Chemical Shows Promise for Hard-to-Treat Epilepsy in Kids
- Childhood Whooping Cough Tied to Small Rise in Epilepsy Risk
- Gene May Boost Death Risk for People With Mild Epilepsy
- Could Marijuana Chemical Help Ease Epilepsy?
- Music Therapy Might Help People With Epilepsy
- Epilepsy Linked to Risks During Childbirth, Study Finds
- Online Community Helps People Manage Epilepsy
- Medical Groups Issue Guidelines for Treating First Seizure
- Liquid Medical Marijuana Shows Promise Against Severe Epilepsy
- Too Few Kids With Epilepsy, Cerebral Palsy Get Flu Shot: Study
- Antidepressants Linked to First-Time Seizures
- FDA Warns of Seizure, Alcohol Risk With Chantix
- Epilepsy Surgery Gets High Marks From Patients in Survey
- Sleep Position Linked to Death Risk for Those With Epilepsy
- 1 in 5 Adults With Epilepsy Also Has ADHD Symptoms: Study
- Kids With Epilepsy Face Higher Early Death Risk, Study Reports
- High-Fat, Low-Carb Diet May Help With Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy
- Broccoli Compound Shows Promise for Autism Symptoms in Small Study
- The Dangers of Thinning Bones as Men Age
- Small Study Hints Fish Oil Might Ease Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy
- Electrical Pulses to Scalp May Boost Memory: Study
- Mom's Epilepsy Drugs Appear Safe in Breast Milk
- Medical Marijuana OK'd in More States in 2014
- Delaying Measles-Related Vaccines May Raise Seizure Risk: Study
- When Medical Marijuana Doesn't Work
- Two Drugs Work Equally Well for Epileptic Seizures in Kids: Study
- Young People With Epilepsy Face Higher Injury Risk: Study
- Anti-Seizure Drug May Guard Against Some Cancers
- Human-Type Epilepsy Discovered in Sea Lions
- Fever-Related Seizures in Kids Eased by Epilepsy Drug: Study
- Dietary Supplements Can't Treat or Cure Concussions: FDA
- Study Weighs Safety of Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy
- Experts Lay Out Options for Menopause Symptoms
- Acupuncture No Better Than 'Sham' Version in Breast-Cancer Drug Study
- Epilepsy Surgery Improves Patients' Lives, Research Finds
- Could Electrical Brain Stimulation Boost Perseverance?
- Scans Show Brain-Connection Differences in Those With Epilepsy
- Implanted Device Approved to Decrease Seizures
- How to Handle a Child's Seizure
- FDA Approves Implanted Brain Stimulator for Epilepsy
- Magnetic Brain Stimulation May Help Smokers Quit
- Aptiom Approved to Treat Seizures
- Epilepsy Often Hand-in-Hand With Other Health Problems: CDC
- Flu Can Kill Even Healthy Children, Study Finds
- Many Kids With Autism on Multiple Medications, Study Finds
- Children Benefit From Early Dose of Measles Vaccine, Study Finds
- Could a Neck Injection Ease Tough-to-Bear Hot Flashes?
- Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy May Affect Infants' Fine Motor Skills
- Vigorous Exercise May Lessen Young Men's Risk of Epilepsy
- Epilepsy Drug Warnings May Slip Through Cracks
- Epilepsy Plus Mental Ills Linked to Premature Death, Study Says
- Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy Tied to Developmental Delays in Children
- Mental Decline Seen Earlier When Epilepsy Present, Study Suggests
- Implanted Device May Predict Epilepsy Seizures, Study Suggests
- Prenatal Use of Common Epilepsy Drug Tied to Higher Autism Risk
- Tapeworm-Linked Seizures May Be Rising in U.S., Doctors Say
- FDA Panel to Consider Brain Stimulator for Epilepsy
- Stroke During Childhood May Raise Risk for Epilepsy, Study Says
- Migraine Sufferers Stigmatized Because of Their Condition: Study
- ER Visits Linked to Energy Drinks Double: Report
- Childhood Vaccine Schedule Is Safe, Report Says
- Epilepsy, Migraines May Have Family Ties
- FDA Pulls One Generic Form of Wellbutrin Off the Market
- Antidepressants May Lead to Fewer Seizures in People With Epilepsy
- What Doctors Don't Know About Treating Kids With Epilepsy
- Children's Seizures Not Always Damaging, Study Finds
- Study Supports Link Between Stress, Epileptic Seizures
- Lupus May Be Linked to Serious Pregnancy Complication
- Insomnia May Raise Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
- With Diabetes, Boosting Exercise Should Be Done Safely
- Fycompa Approved for Epileptic Seizures
- Epilepsy Drug Shows Promise as Weight-Loss Aid, Study Says
- Experimental Vaccine Might Help Women Already Infected With HPV
- FDA OKs Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Epilepsy Drug Gabapentin Calms Chronic Cough
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Curbs Epileptic Seizures in Rats
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Drowning
- Test May Spot Autism in Young Children
- Health Highlights: June 22, 2012
- Seizure Behind Commerce Secretary Bryson's Crashes: Report
- Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Missing Treatment Goals: Study
- Scientists Spot More Migraine Genes
- Mouse Study Sheds Light on How Diet May Affect Epilepsy
- Parents Often Lose Sleep Over Child's Epilepsy, Study Finds
- Predicting Success Rates for Epilepsy Drugs
- Health Tip: Watch for Symptoms of Seizure
- Botox Only Modestly Effective for Migraines
- Migraine Guidelines Focus on Prevention
- Epilepsy Leads to More Brain Abnormalities Over Time
- No Rise in Seizure Risk With MMRV Booster Vaccine
- Surgery Often an Overlooked Option for Epilepsy
- Twitter Adding to Stigma of Epilepsy, Study Says
- Combo Vaccine May Raise Babies' Risk for Fever-Caused Seizures
- FDA Weighs Fate of Qnexa for Weight Loss, Again
- Study Weighs Pros, Cons of Home or Hospital Birth
- Electrical Brain Stimulation May Strengthen Memory, Study Says
- Surgery Effective for Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy
- Health Highlights: Jan. 12, 2012
- New Guidelines Issued for Combining HIV, Seizure Meds
- FDA Reconsiders Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Foundation Aims to Raise Awareness of Brain Diseases
- For Many, Epilepsy Surgery Effective Long-Term
- Surgery Keeps Many Epilepsy Patients Seizure-Free
- Seizure Drug May Extend Lives of Brain Cancer Patients
- Report: Vaccines Generally Safe, Cause Few Health Problems
- Brain Injuries Increase Risk of Stroke
- Precautions Cut Sudden Death Risk of Epilepsy
- Johnson & Johnson Recalls Topamax Due to Odor
- New Drug May Help Control Epilepsy Seizures
- Epileptic Kids Have More Psychiatric Symptoms
- Bipolar Disorder Often Untreated
- New Birth Defect Warning for Topamax
- Flu Vaccine: Infant Febrile Seizures Reported
- Gabrielle Giffords' Brain Injury: FAQ
- Recall of Defective Glucose Test Strips
- Hyland's Teething Tablets Recall: Possible Poisoning Risk
- Seizure and Pain Drug May Treat Hot Flashes
- New Epilepsy Drug Potiga Gets FDA Panel Nod
- Study: No Proof of Epilepsy Drug Suicide Risk
- Certain Epilepsy Drugs Linked to Suicide
- FDA Panel Says 'No' to Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Seizure Risk Rises With MMRV Vaccine
- Birth Defects Linked to Valproic Acid
- Deep Brain Stimulation Stops Seizures
- Pill Kills Hard-to-Treat Head Lice
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