What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when scoliosis develops (infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). In functional scoliosis, curvature develops due to a problem somewhere else in the body. With neuromuscular scoliosis, there is a problem when the bones of the spine are formed. Treatment typically involves observation, bracing, and surgery and is dependent upon the severity of the curvature.
Diseases and Conditions
- Can Scoliosis Be Treated With Surgery?Source: Compose
Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine. Scoliosis treatment depends on several factors, including the age when you get your diagnosis and the severity of the curvature. Learn treatments for scoliosis and when surgery may be required.
- Can You Correct Scoliosis With Exercise?Source: Aptus
One common myth regarding scoliosis is that you need to avoid any kind of physical activity. On the contrary, the more physically active you are, the less likely is for you to experience the pain. Scoliosis cannot be corrected permanently without surgery. However, exercise can help prevent its worsening.
- How Does Scoliosis Affect the Body?Source: Compose
What is scoliosis? Learn the causes and symptoms of scoliosis, how it affects the spine, and how it is treated.
- How Does Scoliosis Make You Feel?Source: Compose
Learn about scoliosis and how it makes your body feel. What are the treatment options?
- What Is the Main Cause of Scoliosis?Source: Aptus
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.
- Lower Back Pain (Lumbar Spine Pain)Source: MedicineNet
Get information on causes of mild to severe lower back pain (arthritis, pregnancy, herniated disc, sciatica, ovarian cysts). Read about low back pain signs, symptoms, backache treatment, and diagnosis. Learn how to get relief from severe pain.
- Kyphosis (Roundback)Source: MedicineNet
Kyphosis is an outward curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back). Kyphosis results in the appearance of a hunchback, which is accompanied by back pain, stiffness, and muscle fatigue in the back. There are three types of abnormal kyphosis: postural, Scheuermann's, and congenital kyphosis.
- Cerebral PalsySource: MedicineNet
Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy generally present in the first year of life. Seizures, irritability, jitters, feeding and respiratory problems, and lethargy are common symptoms and signs. Learn about different types of cerebral palsy and treatment.
- Ehlers-Danlos SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a group of disorders with signs and symptoms like joint hypermobility, skin laxity, easy bruising, and weak tissues. There are several types of Ehlers-Danlos syndromes and treatments.
- PubertySource: MedicineNet
Read about the emotional and physical changes of puberty (growth spurt, pubic hair, period, zits, breast development), hormones (testosterone, estrogen), and sexual maturity stages.
- Hypermobility SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
Joint hypermobility syndrome is a condition in which the joints move beyond the normal range expected. Learn about causes, symptoms, and treatment.
- Cervical RadiculopathySource: MedicineNet
What is radiculopathy? Radiculopathy comes from a compressed nerve in the spine causing pain and other symptoms. Learn about radiculopathy symptoms, treatment, causes, and more. Discover different regions affected by radiculopathy including the cervical, lumbar, and thoracic spine.
- Cleft Palate and Cleft LipSource: MedicineNet
Cleft lip the fourth most common birth defect in the U.S. Get information about cleft lip and cleft palate causes, treatment, symptoms and signs, and related problems.
- Periodic Paralysis SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
Periodic paralysis syndrome describes seven to eight different types of rare genetic conditions that cause symptoms of episodic muscle weakness and paralysis. Episodes of paralysis can occur in only certain areas of the body, like an arm or leg, or the whole body. Hypokalemic and normokalemic are two kinds of this genetic problem. Treatment depends upon the type. There is no cure for these syndromes.
- Angelman SyndromeSource: Government
Read about Angelman syndrome, a genetic disorder, which symptoms include seizures, speech impairment, small head size, sleep disorders, movement and balance disorders, and hyperactivity.
- Down SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
Down syndrome (trisomy 21) is most commonly caused by chromosome replication errors in which there are three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two. A baby born with Down syndrome may have symptoms and signs such as unusual facial features, low IQ, and difficulty learning to walk and crawl. Someone with Down syndrome may have a shorter life expectancy.
- PolioSource: MedicineNet
Get the facts on the history of polio, an infectious disease that causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis and limb deformities. Also, read about prevention through vaccination, polio-like illness, contagious, and polio iron lung.
Slideshows, Images, and Quizzes
- Back Pain: Common Spine ProblemsSource: WebMD - Health Tools
That stack of little bones along the center of your back has a key role to support and control your body. What happens when something's not right with your spine?
- somatropin - injection, Genotropin, Humatrope, NorditrSource: First DataBank, Inc.
Consumer information about the medication SOMATROPIN - INJECTION (Genotropin, Humatrope, Norditropin, Nutropin, Serostim, Zorbtive), includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Read more about the prescription drug SOMATROPIN - INJECTION.
Procedures and Tests
- Spinal FusionSource: MedicineNet
Minimally invasive lumbar spinal fusion is an operation sometimes necessary to reduce lumbar (lower back) pain if the pain hasn't resolved on its own after six to 12 weeks. This surgery can treat degenerative disc disease and other vertebral problems. A spinal fusion operation causes the vertebrae (bones of the spine) in the lower back to grow together, reduce pressure on the nerves, and reduce pain.
- Bone Density ScanSource: MedicineNet
Get information on bone density scan for osteoporosis and osteopenia risk. Learn about bone mineral density, how the screening is done, and get an explanation of test results.
Symptoms and Signs
- ScoliosisSource: MedicineNet
Learn about scoliosis symptoms and signs. Symptoms and signs include curvature of the spine, height loss, and trouble standing up straight. Pinpoint your symptoms and signs with MedicineNet's Symptom Checker.
- Functional scoliosis
- Scoliosis, structural
- Structural scoliosis
- Scoliosis, functional
- Nonstructural scoliosis
- Scoliosis, nonstructural
- Idiopathic scoliosis
- Scoliosis, acquired
- Scoliosis, congenital
- Scoliosis, idiopathic
- Orthosis, thoracolumbosacral (TLSO)
- Thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO)
- Brace, Milwaukee
- Milwaukee brace
- Coffin-Lowry syndrome
- Danlos syndrome
- Diastrophic dysplasia
- Spinal fusion
- Syndrome, Coffin-Lowry
- CLOVES syndrome
- Disease, Lobstein's
- Familial dysautonomia
- Joint hypermobility syndrome
- Lobstein's disease
- Neurofibromatosis type 1
- Osteogenesis imperfecta type 1
- Marfan syndrome
- Syndrome, Danlos
- Aicardi syndrome
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- Kabuki syndrome
- PPS (post-polio syndrome)
- Syndrome, post-polio (PPS)
- Hypermobility syndrome
- Postpolio syndrome (PPS)
- Sotos syndrome