Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when the scoliosis develops (infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). In functional scoliosis, curvature develops due to a problem somewhere else in the body. With neuromuscular scoliosis, there is a problem when the bones of the spine are formed. Treatment typically involves observation, bracing, and surgery and is dependent upon the severity of the curvature.
Diseases and Conditions
- Lower Back PainSource: MedicineNet
Get information on causes of mild to severe lower back pain (arthritis, pregnancy, herniated disc, sciatica, ovarian cysts). Read about low back pain signs, symptoms, backache treatment, and diagnosis. Learn how to get relief from severe pain.
- Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)Source: Government
Spinal muscular atrophy is a hereditary disease that destroys lower motor neurons nerve-cells in the brain stem and spinal cord. Signs and symptoms depend on the type of spinal muscular atrophy, but may include hypotonia, tremors, impaired breathing, and abnormal gait. There is no cure for this muscular atrophy.
- KyphosisSource: MedicineNet
Get the facts on symptoms, types, causes, diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis, an abnormal curvature of the thoracic spine that creates the look of a hump on the back. Learn about different types of kyphosis, including Scheuerman's kyphosis, cervical, thoracic, dorsal, and lumbar kyphosis.
- Cerebral PalsySource: MedicineNet
Learn about cerebral palsy (CP) signs and symptoms such as seizures, irritability, jitters, feeding and respiratory problems, and lethargy. Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy generally present in the first year of life. Learn about different types of cerebral palsy and treatment.
- Ehlers-Danlos SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of disorders with symptoms (joint hypermobility, skin laxity), easy bruising, and weak tissues. Several types of Ehlers-Danlos syndromes and treatments are described.
- Noonan SyndromeSource: Government
Read about Noonan syndrome prognosis, symptoms, signs, genes, and more.
- PubertySource: MedicineNet
Read about the emotional and physical changes of puberty (growth spurt, pubic hair, period, zits, breast development), hormones (testosterone, estrogen), and sexual maturity stages.
- Post-Polio SyndromeSource: Government
Read about post-polio syndrome (PPS) symptoms like weakness, fatigue, muscle atrophy, joint pain, scoliosis, and more. Treatment information is included.
- Campomelic DysplasiaSource: Government
Campomelic dysplasia is a rare genetic condition that may affect the bones and genitals of affected individuals. Campomelic dysplasia may be life threatening. Learn about causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of campomelic dysplasia.
- Hypermobility SyndromeSource: MedicineNet
The joint hypermobility syndrome is a condition in which the joints easily move beyond the normal range expected for a particular joint. The condition tends to run in families. Symptoms of hypermobility syndrome include joint pain. People with hypermobility syndrome are more susceptible to injury, including dislocations and sprains. Anti-inflammatory drugs can help with joint pain. Exercise can strengthen muscles, providing stability.
- Cleft Palate and Cleft LipSource: MedicineNet
Cleft lip the fourth most common birth defect in the U.S. Get information about cleft lip and cleft palate causes, treatment, symptoms and signs, and related problems.
- Periodic Paralysis Syndrome (Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Diet)Source: MedicineNet
Periodic paralysis syndrome describes seven to eight different types of rare genetic conditions that cause symptoms of episodic muscle weakness and paralysis. Episodes of paralysis can occur in only certain areas of the body, like an arm or leg, or the whole body. Hypokalemic and normokalemic are two kinds of this genetic problem. Symptomatic treatment depends upon the type. There is no cure for these syndromes.
- RadiculopathySource: MedicineNet
What is radiculopathy? Radiculopathy comes from a compressed nerve in the spine causing pain and other symptoms. Learn about radiculopathy symptoms, treatment, causes, and more. Discover different regions affected by radiculopathy including the cervical, lumbar, and thoracic spine.
- Turner SyndromeSource: Government
Learn about Turner syndrome, an abnormality in the X chromosome of females that leaves them infertile. Symptoms also include a webbed neck, puffiness of the hands and feet, heart defects, and kidney problems. Facts about causes, diagnosis and treatments
- Angelman SyndromeSource: Government
Read about Angelman syndrome, a genetic disorder, which symptoms include seizures, speech impairment, small head size, sleep disorders, movement and balance disorders, and hyperactivity.
- Down Syndrome Source: MedicineNet
Down syndrome is a condition caused by chromosome replication errors. A baby born with Down syndrome may have symptoms such as unusual facial features, low IQ, and difficulty learning to walk and crawl. Someone with Down syndrome may have a shorter life expectancy. Learn more facts about Down syndrome in this article.
- PolioSource: MedicineNet
Get the facts on the history of polio, an infectious disease that causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis and limb deformities. Also, read about prevention through vaccination, polio-like illness, contagious, and polio iron lung.
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT)Source: Government
Learn about Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, an inherited neurological disorder affecting the peripheral nerves in the musculature. Symptoms include foot deformities, weakness of the lower leg and foot muscles, and difficulty walking, breathing, and swallowing.
- Cleidocranial DysplasiaSource: Government
Learn more about cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), a genetic disorder that affects the development of the bones and teeth. Symptoms vary widely in severity.
- Marfan SyndromeSource: Government
Marfan syndrome is a familial (genetic, hereditary) condition affecting connective tissue of the body. Symptoms and characteristics include an arched palate (roof of the mouth), scoliosis, and flat feet. Problems with the eyes; cardiovascular and nervous system; skin; and lungs. Genetic testing and counseling are available for this syndrome.
Slideshows, Images, and Quizzes
- Back Pain: Common Spine ProblemsSource: WebMD - Health Tools
That stack of little bones along the center of your back has a key role to support and control your body. What happens when something's not right with your spine?
- somatropin - injection, Genotropin, Humatrope, NorditrSource: First DataBank, Inc.
Consumer information about the medication SOMATROPIN - INJECTION (Genotropin, Humatrope, Norditropin, Nutropin, Serostim, Zorbtive), includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Read more about the prescription drug SOMATROPIN - INJECTION.
Procedures and Tests
- Spinal FusionSource: MedicineNet
Minimally invasive lumbar spinal fusion is an operation sometimes necessary to reduce lower back pain. This surgery can treat degenerative disc disease and other vertebral problems. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of this surgery, as well as recovery time and complications.
- Bone Density ScanSource: MedicineNet
Get information on bone density scan for osteoporosis and osteopenia risk. Learn about bone mineral density, how the screening is done, and get an explanation of test results.
- Scoliosis: An Unnatural CurveSource: HealthDay
- Scoliosis Screenings Can Help Catch Spine Problem EarlySource: HealthDay
Routine screenings for scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, help ensure the condition doesn't take a toll on children's health and self-esteem, according to an orthopedic specialist.
- Scoliosis: Daily Yoga Pose May Reduce Spinal CurveSource: WebMD Health News
People with scoliosis who held a single yoga pose for 1 to 2 minutes a day for several days a week greatly reduced the curvature of their spine, according to a study published in the September issue of Global Advances in Health and Medicine.
- Child's Scoliosis Stresses Patients, Parents: StudySource: HealthDay
Having to wear a body brace for the treatment of scoliosis (curved spine) causes stress for teen patients and their parents, a new study finds.
- Top-Ranked Golfer Beats ScoliosisSource: HealthDay
As a world-class golfer, Stacy Lewis' accomplishments are remarkable. But it was a physical challenge in her childhood that defined her ascent to the top of her sport.
- Braces Seem to Benefit Many Kids With High-Risk ScoliosisSource: HealthDay
For most children who otherwise might need surgery for scoliosis -- curvature of the spine -- having them wear a brace helps prevent their condition from worsening to the point where an operation is needed, a new study says.
- Scoliosis Treatment Might Reduce Need for SurgeriesSource: HealthDay
Magnetically controlled growing rods can treat the spinal disorder scoliosis in children without the need for repeat invasive surgeries, a small new study suggests.
- Genes Tied to Curvature of Spine in KidsSource: HealthDay
Scientists say they've identified two rare genetic mutations that greatly increase a child's risk for severe scoliosis -- curvature of the spine.
- Richard III's Curved Spine Had Little Impact on His Mobility: StudySource: HealthDay
The bones of England's King Richard III are yielding up more secrets about the 15th century monarch, two years after his remains were excavated under a parking lot in Leicester, Great Britain.
- Boy, Girl Newborns Show Spinal Differences: StudySource: HealthDay
The spines of boys and girls aren't the same size at birth, a new study shows.
- Skeletons Mature Earlier Now, Affecting Orthopedic TreatmentsSource: HealthDay
Scientists say children's skeletons are maturing sooner than they did early in the 20th century, and this could affect the timing of certain orthopedic treatments.
- An Expert's Guide to Avoiding Back PainSource: HealthDay
Back pain is a common problem in the United States, but there are ways to protect yourself, an expert says.
- Health Tip: What's Behind Hip Bursitis?Source: HealthDay
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for Hip Bursitis?Source: HealthDay
Hip bursitis occurs when the bursa, a small sac of fluid that cushions the hip joint, becomes inflamed.
- Heavy Backpacks Give Kids Back TroubleSource: HealthDay
Many teens carry school backpacks that exceed 10 percent to 15 percent of their body weight, which puts them at risk for back pain and related disorders, a new study says.
- Functional scoliosis
- Scoliosis, structural
- Structural scoliosis
- Scoliosis, functional
- Nonstructural scoliosis
- Scoliosis, nonstructural
- Idiopathic scoliosis
- Scoliosis, acquired
- Scoliosis, congenital
- Scoliosis, idiopathic
- Orthosis, thoracolumbosacral (TLSO)
- Thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO)
- Brace, Milwaukee
- Milwaukee brace
- Coffin-Lowry syndrome
- Danlos syndrome
- Diastrophic dysplasia
- Spinal fusion
- Syndrome, Coffin-Lowry
- CLOVES syndrome
- Disease, Lobstein's
- Familial dysautonomia
- Joint hypermobility syndrome
- Lobstein's disease
- Neurofibromatosis type 1
- Osteogenesis imperfecta type 1
- Marfan syndrome
- Syndrome, Danlos
- Aicardi syndrome
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- Kabuki syndrome
- PPS (post-polio syndrome)
- Syndrome, post-polio (PPS)
- Hypermobility syndrome
- Postpolio syndrome (PPS)
- Sotos syndrome