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Ovarian cysts definition and facts

  • Ovarian cysts are closed, sac-like structures within the ovary that are filled with a liquid or semisolid substance.
  • Ovarian cysts may not cause signs or symptoms. Larger cysts are more likely to cause signs and symptoms such as:
    •  Pain in the abdomen or pelvis is the most common symptom
    • Feeling of bloating or indigestion
    • Feeling an urge to have a bowel movement or having difficult bowel movements
    • Pain during sexual intercourse
    • Pain in the lower right or left quadrant of the abdomen
  • There are many causes and types of ovarian cysts, for example, follicular cysts, "chocolate cysts," dermoid cysts, and polycystic ovary.
  • Most ovarian cysts are not cancerous.
  • Most ovarian cysts are diagnosed with ultrasound or physical examination. Transvaginal ultrasound is a common way to examine ovarian cysts.
  • The treatment of an ovarian cyst depends upon the cause of the cyst and varies from observation and monitoring to surgical treatment.
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