What signs and symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
Most ovarian cysts are never noticed and resolve without women ever realizing that they are there. When a cyst causes symptoms, pain in the abdomen or pelvis is the most common one. The pain can be caused from:
- rupture of the cyst,
- rapid growth and stretching,
- bleeding into the cyst, or
- twisting of the cyst around its blood supply (known as torsion).
If the cyst has reached a large size, other symptoms may arise as a result of pressure or distortion of adjacent anatomical structures. These other symptoms can include
- abdominal fullness, expansion of the abdomen, or bloating,
- low back pain,
- feeling full after eating only a small amount (early satiety),
- urinary urgency,
- difficulty with emptying the bladder completely,
- feeling an urge to defecate
- having difficult bowel movements, or
- pain with sexual intercourse.