What are leukemia symptoms and signs?
The symptoms and signs of leukemia depend upon the type of leukemia. As stated earlier, slow-growing or chronic leukemia may not cause any symptoms at the outset, while aggressive or rapidly growing leukemia may lead to severe symptoms. The symptoms of leukemia arise from a loss of function of the normal blood cells or from accumulation of the abnormal cells in the body.
Signs and symptoms of leukemia typically include the following:
- Night sweats
- Swollen lymph nodes that are usually painless
- Feelings of fatigue, tiredness
- Easy bleeding or bruising, causing bluish or purplish patches on the skin or tiny red spots on the skin, or recurring nosebleeds
- Frequent infections
- Bone or joint pain
- Weight loss that is otherwise unexplained, or loss of appetite
- Enlargement of the spleen or liver, which can lead to abdominal pain or swelling
- Red spots on the skin (petechiae)
If leukemia cells have infiltrated the brain, symptoms such as headaches, seizures, confusion, loss of muscle control, and vomiting can occur.