Medical Definition of Neurooncologist

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Neurooncologist: A physician trained to diagnose and treat patients with brain tumors and other types of tumors of the nervous system. From neuro- + oncology and sometimes written with a hyphen as neuro-oncologist.

A neurooncologist may be one of a number of types of physicians:

  • A neurologist: A physician trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system;
  • An oncologist: A cancer specialist; or
  • A neurosurgeon: A physician trained in surgery of the nervous system.

These (and other types of) physicians may function as neurooncologists because oncology (the study of cancer) is a very large field with a considerable diversity of neural tumors and various ways to diagnose and treat them.

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Reviewed on 12/27/2018

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