Medical Definition of Neurooncologist

Neurooncologist: A physician trained to diagnose and treat patients with brain tumors and other types of tumors of the nervous system. From neuro- + oncology and sometimes written with a hyphen as neuro-oncologist.

A neurooncologist may be one of a number of types of physicians:

  • A neurologist: A physician trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system;
  • An oncologist: A cancer specialist; or
  • A neurosurgeon: A physician trained in surgery of the nervous system.

These (and other types of) physicians may function as neurooncologists because oncology (the study of cancer) is a very large field with a considerable diversity of neural tumors and various ways to diagnose and treat them.

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Last Editorial Review: 5/13/2016

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