Medical Definition of Alopecia, traumatic

Alopecia, traumatic: Hair loss caused by injury to the scalp. Common causes include the use of caustic hair straighteners, especially those that include lye as an ingredient; stress traction injury from tight rollers and braiding; overheating of the hair shafts; and compulsive pulling out of hair (trichotillomania).

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Last Editorial Review: 7/1/2016

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