Medical Definition of Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Reviewed on 9/7/2018

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) involves the growth of numerous warty growths in the larynx in children. It is usually diagnosed between the ages of two and three years.

RRP is thought to be caused by acquisition of human papilloma virus during passage through the birth canal of an infected mother. Risk factors for RRP include being the firstborn child, vaginal delivery, and having a teenage mother who has genital warts; however, among infants born to women with such a history, the risk of RRP was less than 1%.

The treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is usually by surgical excision. As the name "recurrent respiratory papillomatosis" suggests, recurrences of laryngeal papillomatosis are very frequent. Remission may occur after several years.

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Reviewed on 9/7/2018