Medical Definition of Axon
Axon: A long fiber of a nerve cell (a neuron) that acts somewhat like a fiber-optic cable carrying outgoing (efferent) messages.
The neuron sends electrical impulses from its cell body through the axon to target cells. Each nerve cell has one axon. An axon can be over 20 cm (a foot) in length, which for the human body is remarkably long.
Quick GuideDementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and Aging Brains
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter