Medical Definition of Enzymes, yellow

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Enzymes, yellow: A group of respiratory enzymes that catalyze reactions in the body permitting cells to respire or breathe, in other words, use oxygen. These biochemical reactions are termed oxidation-reduction reactions.

The first yellow enzyme was discovered by the German biochemist Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970), a pioneer in research on the respiration of cells, who won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1931 " for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme."

All yellow enzymes are flavoproteins (from the Latin flavus, yellow).

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Reviewed on 12/27/2018

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