Medical Definition of Proteus syndrome

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Proteus syndrome: A disturbance of cell growth that causes overgrowth, asymmetry, and gigantism of bones, limbs, skin, and other organs. Its symptoms also include vascular malformations; raised, rough skin; and overgrowth of fat. John Merrick, the 19th-century Englishman known as the 'elephant man,' is thought to have had Proteus syndrome. No specific treatment is available.

Reviewed on 9/7/2018

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