Medical Definition of GOLD-3

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

GOLD-3: One of the stages of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).

GOLD-3 is stage III in the GOLD classification of COPD and indicates "severe COPD." This stage is characterized by severe airflow limitation or the presence of respiratory failure or clinical signs of right heart failure (because the right side of the heart can no longer pump blood effectively through the lungs and the blood backs up and congests the liver, intestinal tract and limbs.) At this severe stage in COPD, the quality of life is appreciably impaired and exacerbations ( turns for the worse) may be life-threatening.

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Reviewed on 12/21/2018

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