Medical Definition of Superbug

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Superbug: : An informal term for a bacterium that has become resistant to antibiotics that usually are used to treat it, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or any multidrug-resistant bacterium.

The following types of bacteria have all been described antibiotic-resistant threats to patients in healthcare settings or have been referred to in the media as "superbugs":

  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (extended-spectrum β-lactamases)
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)
  • Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter
  • E.coli H30-Rx: The H30-Rx strain of antibiotic-resistant E. coli bacteria has become a main cause of bacterial infections in women and the elderly worldwide over the past decade.
CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED ARTICLE
Reviewed on 12/21/2018

SLIDESHOW

Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack See Slideshow

REFERENCE: Rakel RE, Rakel D. "Textbook of Family Medicine." 9th edition. 2015 Saunders.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors