Medical Definition of Hereditary kidney cancer

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Hereditary kidney cancer: Kidney cancer due to a gene than can be transmitted from parent to child. The vast majority of kidney cancer cases are not hereditary, but a small proportion of renal cell cancers are caused by hereditary syndromes.

Among these syndromes are:

  • von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
  • Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome
  • Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma

All of these syndromes are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

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Reviewed on 12/21/2018

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