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Research shows that the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines may decrease over time, especially among people aged 65 and older, and early studies suggest that boosters are needed in vaccinated people to maintain adequate protection against the Omicron variant.
On Sept. 24, the CDC recommended that all eligible seniors and residents in long-term care facilities be given a COVID-19 vaccine booster. However, by the end of October, only about a quarter of fully vaccinated nursing home residents had received a booster, and the rate now stands at 51%, even though 80% are eligible for a booster, new CDC data shows.
According to the latest CDC data, 87% of U.S. nursing home residents are fully vaccinated, compared with 60% of the general population.
"My sense is that every nursing home is figuring this out on their own," Brian McGarry told CNN. He's an assistant professor at the University of Rochester's Department of Medicine whose research focuses on aging. "I have heard anecdotally from some nursing homes that -- like many aspects of the economy and health care -- there is a shortage of pharmacists. They're trying to serve the general public and don't have the staff to send people out to nursing homes to run in-house clinics."
For her part, Sara Roszak, vice president of health and wellness strategy for the National Association of Chain Drug Stores, said that the focus has shifted to having Americans come to local drug stores to receive their shots. But she added that there was "flexibility," so nursing home facilities can reach out for help to pharmacies if they want to get boosters into the arms of residents, CNN reported.
Compounding concerns are relatively low rates of vaccination among nursing home staff. According to CNN, in some states fewer than two-thirds of staff members are fully vaccinated.
"It's very alarming to have unvaccinated staff coming in. The work is very intimate, very up-close and personal, and even with good PPE there's a high risk of exposure there," McGarry told CNN. "Vaccines do seem to make a difference."
"Getting those first doses to staff who are still unvaccinated should be at the top of list, and right under that is getting boosters to everyone eligible," McGarry said.
SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CNN
Robert Preidt and Ernie Mundell
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