Latest Cancer News
The researchers used a wealth of accumulated data "to piece together a larger part of the cancer survival story for the adolescent and young adult population in the United States," said lead author Denise Riedel Lewis, a researcher at the U.S. National Cancer Institute.
"These results will help refocus our research efforts on adolescent and young adult cancer survivorship," Lewis said in a journal news release.
For the study, she and her team analyzed 1975-2016 data on case numbers, deaths and survival rates for nine cancer types in young patients.
They found significant improvements in five-year survival for those with brain and other nervous system tumors; colon and rectal cancer; lung and airway cancer; acute myelogenous leukemia, and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
There was, however, limited or no improvement in survival for women with breast, cervical and ovarian cancers, or for patients with bone/joint sarcomas.
Five-year survival for female breast cancer rose from 1985 through 2007. Meanwhile, deaths declined from 1986 to 2012 and have increased since 2012.
For cervical cancer, five-year survival remained steady from 1975 through 2011. New cases have declined and death rates flattened out since 2005.
Researchers reported a slight rise in five-year survival for ovarian cancer during the full study period. New cases and death rates fell between 1993 and 1996.
Five-year survival for bone/joint sarcomas rose between 1975 and 1989 but has leveled off since.
The American Cancer Society has more on teens and cancer.
SOURCE: Cancer, news release, July 26, 2021
Copyright © 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.