Medical Definition of Hemihypertrophy

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Hemihypertrophy: Asymmetric overgrowth (hypertrophy) of the skull, face, trunk, limbs, and/or digits, with or without visceral involvement. Hemihypertrophy may be an isolated finding in an otherwise normal individual, or it may appear as part of several syndromes, including the Wiedemann-Beckwith syndrome. Hemihypertrophy carries an increased risk of Wilms tumor (of the kidney), hepatoblastoma (liver cancer), and adrenal cancer. Other problems associated with hemihypertrophy include scoliosis and unequal leg length with walking difficulties.

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Reviewed on 10/30/2018

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