Medical Definition of Epidemic scorecard

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Epidemic scorecard: A tally of epidemics.

The scorecard, based on estimates from the World Health Organization in 2003, reads as follows:

  • Tuberculosis: 8 million new cases and 2 million deaths a year. A third of the world population has TB. Drug-resistant incurable strains on the rise.
  • Malaria: 300-500 million new cases and a million deaths a year. Drug-resistant forms are increasing.
  • Hepatitis B: 10-30 million new cases and a million death a year from hepatitis B, a leading cause of cirrhosis, liver cancer and liver failure.
  • Diarrheal diseases: 2.7 billion new cases and 1.9 million deaths, mainly of children, per year from cholera, shigella, typhoid, E. coli, and other agents of diarrhea.
  • HIV/AIDS: 5.5 million new cases of HIV infection and 3.1 million deaths a year from AIDS.
  • Measles: 30 million new cases and nearly 900,000 deaths a year. Measles (also called rubeola) is entirely preventable with a vaccine that costs 26 cents that has been available since 1963.
  • Dengue fever: 20 million new cases and 24,000 deaths a year from this mosquito-borne disease.
  • Influenza: 3-5 million new cases and 250,000 deaths a year.
  • Yellow fever: 200,000 new cases and 30,000 deaths a year.
  • SARS: About 5,400 cases and 350 deaths from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in the first 180 days of the epidemic.

Reviewed on 12/11/2018

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