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They analyzed data from nearly 4.2 million babies who were born in Sweden from 1973 to 2014 and followed for up to 43 years, with an average of 23 years, The New York Times reported.
Compared with full-term babies, premature babies had a 21% increased relative risk for type 1 diabetes and a 26% increased risk for type 2 diabetes before age 18, according to the study published in the journal Diabetologia.
After age 18, the risk of type 1 diabetes was 24% higher and the risk of type 2 diabetes was 49% among those who were born premature. Premature girls had a slightly higher risk than premature boys, The Times reported.
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