Medical Definition of Hardy, James D.

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Hardy, James D.: Pioneering American transplant surgeon responsible for three epochal operations: the first human lung transplant in 1963, the first animal-to-human heart transplant in 1964, and a double-lung transplant that left the heart in place, in 1987. The 1964 transplant of a chimpanzee heart was done three years before the first human-heart transplant (by Christiaan Barnard). Dr. Hardy died in 2003 at the age of 84.

See also Xenotransplantation.

Reviewed on 9/7/2018

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