Medical Definition of Hyperbaric chamber

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Hyperbaric chamber: a pressurized chamber used to deliver high-pressure oxygen therapy. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) involves breathing pure oxygen in a closed environment in which the air pressure is 1.5 to 3 times greater than normal air pressure. The entire body is placed inside a hyperbaric chamber for HBOT.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the accepted treatment for decompression sickness that can occur following scuba diving. Other conditions that are treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy include certain infections, poorly healing wounds, carbon monoxide poisoning, and air emboli (bubbles of air) in the blood vessels.

A hyperbaric chamber is a medical device that has been cleared by the US FDA.

Reviewed on 8/10/2018

REFERENCE: FDA. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: don't be misled. Updated: Jan 04, 2018

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