Medical Definition of Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and interpersonal control, beginning by early adulthood at latest.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) may be evident by:

  • preoccupation with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules;
  • perfectionism;
  • excessive devotion to work to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships;
  • inability to discard worthless objects of no sentimental value;
  • reluctance to delegate tasks or work with others unless everything is done their way;
  • miserliness in regard to oneself and others;
  • rigidity and stubbornness.

OCPD is different and distinct from obsessive-compulsive disorder, which is a type of anxiety disorder.

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Reviewed on 12/11/2018

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