Medical Definition of Gorham disease

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Gorham disease: Also called disappearing bone disease. Extensive loss of calcium from a single bone so that it cannot be seen on x-ray. Any bone can be involved but the upper arm, shoulder, and jaw are most frequent. This type of selective decalcification is sometimes associated with the presence of an hemangioma, a knot of distended blood vessels. The synonyms for this condition include invisible bone disease, vanishing bone disease, phantom bone disease and massive osteolysis.

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Reviewed on 12/11/2018

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