Texas Has Highest Number of Mumps Cases in 22 Years

Texas health officials are investigating multiple outbreaks of mumps in the state, which is seeing the highest number of cases of the disease in 22 years.

One of the outbreaks involves South Padre Island. As of April 13, the Texas Department of State Health Services had been notified of 13 mumps cases in people who traveled to South Padre Island between March 8 and March 22 from six states, including two people from Texas.

Symptoms of mumps include swelling of the salivary glands preceded by a low-grade fever, muscle pain, malaise, or headache.

Mumps is highly contagious and is transmitted between people by saliva or respiratory droplets. It's typically 16-18 days (a range of 12-25 days) from exposure to the onset of salivary gland swelling. People are contagious from 3 days before to 5 days after the start of salivary gland swelling.

Up to 20 percent of people infected with the mumps may have no symptoms, according to Texas state health officials.

Complications are rare and usually mild, but can include deafness, pancreatitis, oophoritis, meningitis, and encephalitis.

People who might have the mumps should stay home from work, school, daycare, and any public outings until five days have passed since the start of symptoms. People with close contact to those suspected to have mumps should watch for signs and symptoms of mumps for up to 25 days after the last contact.

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