Medical Definition of Bacterial peritonitis

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Bacterial peritonitis: This bacterial infection inside of the abdomen involves the inner lining tissue, the peritoneum. Bacterial peritonitis can be spontaneous, such as can occur in people with severe alcoholic liver disease, or be caused by bacteria contaminating the abdomen, such as from a knife or gunshot wound or as a complication of appendicitis. Bacterial peritonitis requires emergent antibiotic treatment, typically in a hospital setting.

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Reviewed on 10/30/2018

REFERENCE:

Green, Thomas E. "Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis." Medscape.com. Oct. 5, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/789105-overview>.

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