Medical Definition of GALT

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

GALT: The lack of the enzyme to break down the sugar (galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase) causes the genetic metabolic disease called galactosemia. Galactosemia is an elevated level of galactose in the blood. GALT is also the acronym for the gene that encodes the enzyme. Galactosemia causes liver dysfunction, susceptibility to infections, failure to thrive, ovarian problems, and cataracts.

Reviewed on 12/11/2018

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