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SATURDAY, June 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The long-awaited arrival of summer means people will be spending more time outdoors. So, an expert warns, it's especially important at this time of year to take steps to protect your skin from the sun.
"Although sunburn may seem like a temporary condition, it leaves behind long-lasting damage to the skin that increases a person's risk for getting skin cancer," Martin, who is also a spokesperson for the American Academy of Dermatology, said in an academy news release.
She offered a number of tips to help prevent sunburn and reduce your risk of skin cancer.
When you're outside, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses. Try to stay in the shade, especially when the sun's rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Apply broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more on all exposed areas of your skin. Broad-spectrum sunscreens provide protection against both ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B rays. Reapply sunscreen about every two hours -- even on cloudy days -- and after swimming or sweating.
"Sunburn is better prevented than treated, but if you do get a sunburn, it's important to begin treating it as soon as you notice it," Martin said. "The first step you should take is to get out of the sun -- and preferably indoors."
Taking frequent cool baths or showers can help relieve the pain, as can moisturizers that contain aloe vera or soy. An over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream may be helpful for sunburned areas that are especially uncomfortable. Never use "-caine" products (such as benzocaine) to treat sunburn. They may irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction, Martin said.
"Unfortunately, the first signs of sunburn can take two to three hours to appear, making it especially important to carefully monitor your skin during outdoor activities," Martin noted.
-- Robert Preidt
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SOURCE: American Academy of Dermatology, news release, May 13, 2014