Medical Definition of Heartland virus

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Heartland virus: a tick-borne phlebovirus first identified in two cases in Missouri in 2009. Six additional cases were reported to the CDC in 2012 and 2013 in Missouri and Tennessee. In the eight known victims, symptoms started in May to September. Symptoms were fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, nausea, and muscle pain. Studies are underway to further characterize the virus and the infection. No vaccine is available to prevent the infection, and no specific treatment is available. The infection may be prevented by avoiding areas in which one may suffer tick bites, similar to prevention strategies for other tick-borne illnesses.

Reviewed on 12/21/2018

REFERENCE: CDC Reports More Cases of Heartland Virus Disease.

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