Medical Definition of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: also known as dry eye syndrome or keratitis sicca, a condition characterized by the inability of the eye to produce sufficient tears to keep it moist. It is more common in older adults and in some cases may be associated with underlying diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. Vision disturbances and loss can occur in more severe cases. Treatments may include lubricant eye drops, hot compresses, or medications. Silicone plugs to block the tear ducts have also been used effectively to increase moisture in the eye in some patients. Medicated eye drops of cyclosporine (Restasis) can sometimes be helpful.

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Reviewed on 12/21/2018

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