Medical Definition of Genomic

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Reviewed on 12/11/2018

Genomic: Pertaining to the genome, all of the genetic information possessed by any organism.

There are, for instance, the human genome, the elephant genome, the mouse genome, the yeast genome, etc. Humans and many other higher animals have two genomes, namely:

  • A chromosomal genome which is in the nucleus of the cell; and
  • A mitochondrial genome which is outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm of the cell.

Together these two genomes make up the total genome. The study of a genome is called genomics.

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Reviewed on 12/11/2018