Medical Definition of Gestational carrier

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Gestational carrier: Also known as gestational surrogate. A woman who carries a pregnancy and gives birth to a child for another woman or couple. For a woman to serve as a gestational carrier, an embryo (created by the process of in vitro fertilization) is implanted in her uterus. The gestational carrier has no biological relationship to the embryo she is carrying. The IVF process used to create the embryo can use egg and sperm from the intended parents, or donor egg/sperm may be used in either case.

A gestational carrier is different from a surrogate mother, because a surrogate mother's own biological egg is used to produce a pregnancy for another couple.

A gestational carrier is sometimes referred to as a gestational surrogate, and the process may be referred to as gestational surrogacy.

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Reviewed on 10/30/2018

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