(HealthDay News) -- Atherosclerosis occurs when blood vessels harden after cholesterol, calcium and fat build up inside them. The condition decreases blood flow and increases the risk of stroke and heart disease.
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The University of Virginia Health System says you can take these steps to help lower your risk of atherosclerosis:
- Eat foods that are low in cholesterol and saturated fat. Also eat plenty of whole grains, vegetables and fruits.
- Get plenty of regular exercise.
- Lose those extra pounds if you're overweight.
- Don't smoke.
- Keep diabetes under control.
- Take any medication prescribed by your doctor to lower high blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Have screening tests for coronary artery disease if you are at risk.
-- Diana Kohnle
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